How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

231 terms

Med Term (Mid-term)

Terms/Definitions from wk 1-3
STUDY
PLAY
aden/o
gland
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
chem/o
chemical
cis/o
to cut
dermat/o
skin
enter/o
small intestine
gastr/o
stomach
gynec/o
female
hemat/o
blood
hydr/o
water
immun/o
immune
laryng/o
voice box
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
anti-
against
auto-
self
brady-
slow
dys-
painful or difficult
epi-
upon or over
eu-
normal or good
heter/o
different
hom/o
same
inter-
among or between
intra-
within or inside
macro-
large
post
after
pseudo
false
bi-
two
nulli-
none
-megaly
large
-cele
hernia or protrusion
-cise
cut
-cyte
cell
-ectasis
dilation
-itis
inflammation
-logist
one who studies
-malacia
abnormal softening
-oma
tumor or mass
-pathy
disease
-centesis
puncture to withdraw fluid
-ectomy
surgical removal
-ostomy
surgically create an opening
-cise
cutting into
-pexy
surgical fixation
-plasty
surgical repair
-graph
instrument for recording
a-
without, away from
abdomino/o
abdomen
-ac
pertaining to
adip/o
fat
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
an-
without
ante-
before, in front of
anter/o
front
-ar
pertaining to
brachi/o
arm
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck, cervix
chondro/o
cartilage
crani/o
skull
cyt/o
cell
dist/o
away from
dors/o
back of body
-dynia
pain
-eal
pertaining to
endo-
within, inner
epitheli/o
epithilium
-gen
that which produces
glute/o
buttock
hemi-
half
hist/o
tissue
hypo-
under, below
-ia
state, condition
-iasis
abnormal condition
-ical
pertaining to
infer/o
below
infra-
under, beneath, below
later/o
side
medi/o
middle
mono-
one
multi-
many
muscul/o
muscle
ophthalm/o
eye
organ/o
organ
-ose
pertaining to
oste/o
bone
-otomy
cutting into, incision
para-
beside, beyond, near
per-
through
peri-
around, about
peritone/o
peritoneum
-pexy
surgical fixation
-plasia
growth, formation, development
-plasm
growth, formation, development
poly-
many
poster/o
back
proxim/o
near to
bi/o
life
cry/o
cold
cyan/o
blue
diaphor/o
profuse sweating
electr/o
electricity
erythr/o
red
hidr/o
sweat
ichthy/o
scaly
kerat/o
horny
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
xer/o
dry
vesic/o
bladder
onych/o
nail
derm/o
skin
-derma
skin
-opsy
view
allo-
other or different from usual
xeno-
strange or foreign
lip/o
fat
albin/o
white
leuk/o
white
necr/o
death
aer/o
air
bucc/o
cheek
chem/o
chemical/drug
lingu/o
tounge
muscul/o
muscle
or/o
mouth
pharmac/o
drug
vagin/o
vagina
ven/o
vein
Cyst
fluid filled sac under the skin
Contusion
injury caused by a blow to the body, causes swelling pain and bruising, the skin is not broken
Subcutaneous
pertaining to under the skin, injection of medication under the skin
Purulent
pus filled sputum (which can be result of infection)
Abrasion
scraping away a portion of the surface of the skin
Cyanosis
slightly bluish color of the skin, due to a deficiency of oxygen and excess carbon dioxide
Fissure
a deep groove or slit type opening
Pallor
abnormal paleness of the skin
Diaphoresis
excessive or profuse sweating
Hyperemia
redness of the skin caused by increased blood flow to the skin
Laceration
a torn or jagged wound (increectly used to describe cut)
Nodule
solid, raised group of cells
Biopsy
a piece of tisue is removed by syringe & needle, punch or brush to examine under a microscope
Debridement
removal of foreign material, dead or damaged tissue from wound
Rule of nine
a method of estimating the extent of body surface that has been burned in an adult, dividing the body into sections of 9 per cent or multiples of 9 per cent.
3 types of burns
1st degree (red skin) 2nd degree (blistering) 3rd degree (charring)
Ways medication can be used by patient
aerosol, buccal, eardrops, eyedrops, inhalation, oral, parenteral, rectal, sublingual, suppositories, topical, transdermal, vaginal
Schedule of controlled substances for addiction/abuse
schedule 1 highest potential (5)
schedule 2 high potential (4)
schedule 3 moderate/low potential (3)
schedule 4 lower potential (2)
schedule 5 OTC (1)
kinesi/o
movement
muscul/o
muscle
arthr/o
joint
chondr/o
cartilage
kyph/o
hump
myel/o
bone marrow
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
ped/o
child or foot
vertebr/o
vertebra
fibr/o
fibers
-kinesia
movement
tars/o
ankle
stern/o
sternum
uln/o
ulna
carp/o
wrist
metatars/o
metatarsals
myos/o
muscle
osteocytes
mature bone cells
skeletal muscle
voluntary muscle attached to bones by tendons
dorsiflexion
backward bending (hand or foot)
lacrim/o
tears
dipl/o
double
chrom/o
color
core/o
pupil
lumb/o
loin
femor/o
femur
ili/o
ilium
tibi/o
tibia
thorac/o
chest
scapul/o
scapula
ten/o
tendon
myocardi/o
heart muscle
cardiac muscle
involuntary muscle in the heart
smooth muscle
involuntary muscle in internal organs
extension
bringing limbs into or toward a straight condition
inversion
turning inward
flexion
bending or being bent
elevation
to raise a body part
glauc/o
gray
corne/o
cornea
burs/o
sac
pod/o
foot
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
metacarp/o
metacarpals
phalang/o
phalanges
humer/o
humerus
articul/o
joint
circum-
around
osteoblasts
embryonic bone cell
Involuntary muscle
muscle controlled by subconscious (heart/organs)
voluntary muscle
muscles you choose to contract (legs/arms)
abduction
movement away from midline of the body
eversion
turning outward
adduction
movement toward the midline of the body
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva
Types of fractures
closed, colles, comminuted, compound, compression, greenstick, impact, oblique, pathologic, spiral, stress, transverse
-ptosis
drooping
pulmon/o
lung
rhin/o
nose
-rrhage
excessive (abnormal) flow
-rraphy
suture
-rrhea
discharge (flow)
-rrhexis
rupture
-scope
instrument for viewing
-semi
half
-stenosis
narrowing
super-
supra-
above (excess)
-tachy
fast
thrac/o
chest
-trophy
nourishment (development)
ultra-
beyond (excess)
ur/o
urine
ventr/o
belly
vertebr/o
vertebra
viscer/o
internal organ
suppurative
producing or containing pus
malaise
don't feel well
vesicle
blister
8 problems people have with their joints
bunion, dislocation, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, sprain, subluxation, systemic lupus erythematosis, talipes
12 fractures
closed, colles', compound, compression, comminuted, greenstick, impact, oblique, pathologic, spiral, stress, transverse