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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 7 Reveiw
Terms in this set (100)
What did Congress pass to set up the number of federal courts and their locations?
Judiciary Acts of 1789
Who had to entertain guests and attend social events with the president of the United States?
First Lady/Martha Washington
What was the group of delegates called that was sent to choose the first president of the United States?
What do we call an action or a decision that later serves as an example.
Who was the person that felt that he would be a poor president even though the American people thought that he was a great leader?
Disagreed with the idea to pay speculators the full value of the government bonds that they had bought during the Revolutionary War
Belief that the federal government can take reasonable actions that the Constitution does not specifically.
First Bank of the United States
Bank of the United States
People who buy items at low prices in the hope that the value will rise.
Belief that the federal government should do only what the Constitution specifically says it can do.
Money owed by the United States
Certificates that represent money
A rebellion of French people against their king in 1789
Stated that the United States would not take sides with any European countries that were at war (April 22, 1793)
Private ships hired by a country to attack its enemies
Settled the disputes that had arisen between the United States and Great Britain in the early 1790s (November 1794)
Settled the border and trade disputes with Spain (October 1795)
Native Americans fought United States troops and were defeated. (August 20, 1794)
Battle of Fallen Timbers
United States leader at the Battle of Fallen Timbers
Mad Anthony Wade
Miami chief that commanded and help defeat U.S. forces in the Northwest Territory
Gave the United States claim to most Indian lands in the Northwest Territory (August 1795)
Treaty of Greenville
Farmers lashed out against the tax on whiskey (1794)
Where was the Whiskey Rebellion located?
French demand for a bribe (March 1798)
What allows the president to remove foreign residents he thought were involved "in any treasonable or secret machinations against the government" (1798)
What says that United States citizens could not "write, print, utter or publish" false or hostile words against the government. (1798)
Who controlled Congress when the Alien and Sedition Acts were passed.
Purpose of Alien and Sedition Acts.
Said to protect the United States, but the Federalists intended them to crush opposition to war. It was also to reduce the Dem-Rep's power.
Documents that argued that the Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional. (1798-1799)
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions.
Founded the Federalist Party
Founded Democratic Republican Party
People involved in the XYZ Affair
John Adams, Talleyrand, American Diplomats, 3 French Agents.
What did the XYZ affair lead to?
Creation of Navy
Signed Treaty (Convention of 1800)
Significance of the XYZ Affair
The U.S. is standing up for themselves
Adams lost support of his own party
People involved in the Alien and Sedition Acts
Congress, Immagrants, Dem-Reps, John Adams
Significance of the Alien Sedition Acts
Doesn't allow citizens to have the freedom of speech and press.
Misuse of government power
What does the Alien and Sedition Acts lead to?
Passing of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Adams losing election on 1800
People involved in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Kentucky and Virginia's legislature
Jefferson and Madison
Significance of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Supported the ides that States could challenge the federal government
Only Supreme Court could declare laws unconstitutional.
What do the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions lead to?
State's Rights Theory
States can nullify and federal laws that are unconstitutional
Groups that help elect people and shape policies
Wanted a strong national government
Wanted a strong state government
Federalist's candidates in the 1796 election
John Adams and Thomas Pickney
Democratic-Republican's candidates in 1796 election
Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr
A document that includes the basic principles and laws describing the structure of government.
The act of forcing individuals into public service against their will.
A tax on certain goods produced, sold, or used within a country.
A tax or duty on imported goods and products
Increased from 5 to 14 years, the term of residence in the United States necessary to make a foreigner a citizen.
Heads of executive departments who advise the president.
The right to unload cargos from ships
"right of deposit"
First Vice President
First Chief Justice
First Secretary of State
First Secretary of Treasury
First Secretary of War
First Attorney General
Why was it important to for the United States government to repay its Revolutionary War?
So you can have a secure base of credit. It is also to prove we are financially responsible.
How did the Whiskey Rebellion test the strength of the new government?
Proves that the new government will enforce the law.
When did George Washington say his Inaugural Speech?
April 30, 1789
Tension between New England and France.
British national debt doubled.
Over land and fur trade
French and Indian War
Ends French and Indian War
Britain gets Canada and French land east of the Mississippi River
Treaty of Paris 1763
British against American Indians
Indians destroyed/captured 7 forts
King George III issued this.
Banned British settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
Proclamation of 1763
Parliament passed this
Taxed molasses and sugar imported by colonists
Passed to help pay for the British army in North America.
First act passed to raise money in the colonies.
In response. Sam Adams creates the Committee of Correspondence
Sugar Act 1764
Required colonists to pay for an official stamp when the they bought paper items.
Colonist who refused to buy stamps could be fined or sent to jail
Stamp Act Congress issued a declaration
In response, many secret societies were created (Sons of Liberty)
Stamp Act 1765
Parliament removed the Stamp Act
Parliament created this because they were upset that the colonists challenged the Stamp Act.
Stated that Parliament had the power to make laws for the colonies.
Takes away colonist's independence
Declaratory Act 1766
Placed taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.
Allowed more tax collectors to search for smuggled goods with writs of assistance.
Colonist burned houses of the tax collectors.
Townshend Acts 1767
What compromise did Hamilton and Jefferson have?
National capital would be moved to Washington D.C. In exchange Jefferson gathered support for economic plan.
Tension between British soldiers and Bostonians
March 5, 1770
3 people died instantly
Happened when a soldier and a colonist got in an argument and the soldier hit the colonist
A big group of both sides yelled at each other, then the soldiers shot.
Passed this because colonial merchants were smuggling most of the imported Dutch tea without paying tax.
Allowed British East India Company to sell directly to the colonists.
Tea Act 1773
Colonist disguised as Indians
The colonist went on to 3 tea filled ships and dumped 340 chests into Boston Harbor
Boston Tea Party
Lord North punished Boston
Wrote the Declaration of Rights to send the King
Led to First Continental Congress
Included the Quartering Act which required colonist to house Brithish soldiers
Closed Boston Harbor until the colonists payed for the tea.
Intolerable Act 1774
April 19, 1775
There were 70 minutemen
Ended in minutes
8 mm dead and 10 injured
1 British injured
Paul Revere's Raid
Minute men defeated British
Started Revolutionary War
King George III had refused to address concerns listed in the Declaration of Rights.
Delegates from 12 colonies met in Philadelphia.
Created the Continental Army (George Washington put in charge)
Second Continental Congress 1776
The document announces the colony's break from Great Britain
Written by Thomas Jefferson and some others
Tells the Crown why they are leaving
Declaration of Independence 1776
Benjamin Franklin had a big role in the negotiations.
Great Britain recognized the independence of the U.S.
Caused by the lack of money to pay for the a new army
Treaty of Paris 1783
Under this Congress would become the single branch of the national government
Passed November 15, 1777
The four powers of the branch are Congress issued coins, borrow money, make treaties, and ask states for money.
Articles of Confederation
Held in May 1787 in Philadelphia's Independence Hall to improve the Articles of Confederation
They left with a new U.S. Constitution
Constitutional Convention 1787
System of government established by the Constitution, which gave some powers to the national government and reserved other powers to the states
Plan proposed by the small states at the Constitutional Convention
New Jersey Plan
What did the Constitution replace?
Articles of Confederation
The highest court in the judicial branch
The three branches of the U.S. government are organized so that there are _______ & _________ among the branches.
checks and balances
Where was the Constitutional Convention held?
The only state that refused to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention
This worked out how representation in Congress would be determined
The "Great Compromise"
The man chosen to preside over the Constitutional Convention
The executive branch is headed by who?
The Constitutional provides a two-house what?
What is the number of representatives for each state determined by?
What means that each branch of government is independent.
Separation of Powers
The plan supported by the large states at the Constitutional Convention
Father of the Constitution
Hamilton's Economic Plan
The federal government would pay foreign, national and state debt (assumption)
What did Thomas Hobbes believe?
Absolute monarchy is the best form of government.
What did John Locke believe?
People have certain natural rights - life, liberty, and property (self governing)
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