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TESOL Practice Exam: Domain III
Competency 008: Foundations of ESL, cultural awareness, family and community involvement
Terms in this set (16)
Historically, immersing immigrants in English language school is only effective up to which group?
The third generation (only children of immigrants have some experience with English learning)
Perspective of non-English native speaking post WWII
Less encouraged; there was a shift and increase in U.S. patriotism and speaking English
Lau v. Nichols (1974)
Violated rights of non-English speaking students as it denied of access and participation in an educational programs due to inability to speak or understand English. The suit was brought by Chinese speaking students in San Francisco.
Mandated that schools need to take effective measures to overcome the educational disadvantage faced by non-English speakers
Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)
Established the constitutionality of the principle "separate but equal"
Meyers vs Nebraska (1923)
14th Amendment provides protection for language minorities
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Lau Remedies (1975)
Mandated bilingual education
Castaneda v. Pickard (1981)
Mandated that bilingual education programs; programs must be based on "sound educational theory", must be "implemented effectively with resources for personnel, instructional materials, and space", and must prove to be effective at overcoming linguistic barriers
Plyer vs. Doe (1982)
The federal government guarantees free public education for children of undocumented parents.
No Child Left Behind Act (2001)
Mandated language instruction for limited English proficient speakers
Transitional Bilingual/"Early Exit" program
ELL receive portion of content in primary language for 1-3 years; moved into all English
Transitional Bilingual/"Late Exit" program
ELL receive instruction in both L1 and L2 for 4-6 years
Dual Language Immersion/ Two-Way
Biliteracy program that integrates English proficient students with EB's; academic subjects are taught to all students through both English and other language
Dual Language Immersion/One-Way
Biliteracy program model that serves only ELL's. Academic subjects are taught in L1 and L2.
ESL/Content-based ESL Program
ELL are given ESL content support services within the content areas with an ESL certified teacher
ESL "Pull-out" Program
ELL are given ESL support; taught basic vocabulary and language structure, usually outside of their home room classroom and are then integrated into all English instructor for the res of the day
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