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Terms in this set (100)
Patriarch of the three major monotheistic religions
The one who denies the Father and the Son. Found in 1 & 2 John.
The heresy that Christ had a human body (and soul) but a divine mind in place of a human one.
Early Christian heretic; argued that the Father was superior to the Son, in part because the Father had always existed.
Location of the final battle.
Opponent of Calvinism; focused on God's justice, and argued that if we didn't have free will, God wouldn't be just.
Jewish pseudepigraph claiming to be the eschatological warnings given by Moses on his deathbed; quoted in Jude
Assumption of Moses
Leading critical scholar of Christianity. Responsible for demythologization
Believes Onesimus is Philemon's biological brother
Callahan, Allen D.
Believed in predestination; opposed by Jacob Arminius<br />
Family Radio president; current prediction for the Rapture is 5/21/2011
Set of texts accepted as authoritative
Roman emperor; expelled the Jews from Rome
Explicit statement of Trinitarian doctrine in 1 John 5:7-8 based on the Textus Receptus, rather than Westcott & Hort's edition. Present in KJV.
City that Paul founded a church in and wrote at least one (undisputed) letter to. Criticized for wealth, immorality, and luxury.
Ecumenical council held in 451. Set doctrine of Jesus' dual natures.
Council of Chalcedon
Two of these councils were held. The first was the first ecumenical council of Christians to be held, and determined that the Father and Son were equal (repudiating Arianism). The second dealt with iconoclasm.
Council of Nicea
American co-leader of Dead Sea Scrolls team.
Cross, F. M.
Split between two objects; in the New Testament sense, usually refers to the belief in a body and soul as opposed to body, soul, and spirit
Mentioned in 3 John; accused of refusing hospitality to the brothers and expelling some from the church. May be regarded as an example of early Xian shunning.
The heresy that Jesus was purely divine.
Wrote "The Last Days of Christ the Vampire"
Eccarius, J. G.
Old Testament prophet; recognized as inspired in Jude; revelation is not considered canon by modern Catholics or American Protestants
Based on Romans 16:5, the first Asian convert of Paul/Christianity
City mentioned in Rev. 3; says they have tested false apostles and found them out, they hate the Nicolaitans, and they have "abandoned the love [they] had at first".
First compiler of Textus Receptus; was talked into including the Johannine Comma<br />
Apocalyptic sect of early Judaism; possibly responsible for the Dead Sea Scrolls<br />
Mother of Timothy, based on 2 Tim.
Critical explanation of a text
Companion of Paul; described in Romans 16:23 as his host and the host of the whole church where Paul was at the time of writing (probably Corinth)
Speaking in tongues<br />
Early Christian heretics; term covers many diverse viewpoints, but they were universally vilified and generally considered the material world to be evil.
Discovered and reported by National Geographic; among other things, has an interesting angelology and claims hundreds of heaven-like realms
Gospel of Judas
Noncanonical gospel with Gnostic themes. Tends to argue for women's empowerment within the church.
Gospel of Mary (Magdalene)
Entirety of Jewish law, including the biblical, talmudic, rabbinical, and traditional laws.
Branch of theology concerned with sin.
Each element of the Trinity
A non-theistic but supernatural explanation of the origin of life, focusing on the idea of "irreducible complexity"
Based on the Aramaic translation of the Torah, these are the names of two Old Testament magicians. Used in 2 Tim 3:8, their names are evidence that Biblical authors used sources from outside the Old Testament.
Jannes and Jambres
Psychologist; stated that the human psyche is "by nature religious"
Early Christian apologist - wrote dialogue with Trypho the Jew
Jesus' emptying or pouring out of himself; Phil. 2:7
Greek word for preaching used in the New Testament
Concept of leap of faith - faith without evidence is a virtue
Author of the Left Behind series
Teen fiction describing the Rapture. Written by Tim LaHaye
Left Behind (book series)
Serial killer; believed he needed to start a race war to precipitate the apocalypse in Revelation; thought the Beatles were the locusts of Revelation
Neo Anderson: New son of man
Matrix, The (film)
Old Testament king that Abraham tithed to; non-Levite priest that Christ is seen as being in the line of.
Painted a depiction of Revelation
Archangel; field commander of the Army of God
Genre of literature. Takes a biblical text and uses it as a basis for a discussion or story. Expands the Biblical text in some way.
First written compendium of Judaism's oral law
Opposite of the Chalcedonian christology; holds that Christ has only one nature.
Site of a major discovery of Gnostic texts.
Roman emperor; probably who the number of the beast is referring to.
Sect from Ephesus and Pergamum that is attacked in Revelation; probably allowed polygamy.
Responsible for the principle that the simplest explanation (or the one with the fewest assumptions) is best.
Ockham, William of
The escaped slave (in the standard interpretation) of Philemon
Gnosticism is more woman-friendly<br />
Greek for arrival or presence; used to refer to the second coming of Christ
Most significant early Christian convert; wrote several epistles
Possible alternative reading of the word translated as homosexuality
Church in Rev. 3; living where Satan's throne is, they've remained faithful through a martyrdom, but they have some who follow Balaam and Nicolas
Set of verses containing a coherent thought, suitable to be read aloud. Example is the story of the adulteress in John.
A dialogue by Plato; argues that the soul is immortal
Church in Revelation; had a problem with "those of the synagogue of Satan who say that they are Jews and are not"
Pauline epistle to a leader of the Colossian church regarding Onesimus.
Greek city; church founded by Paul and later addressed in an epistle that thanks them for donating generously.
A human who receives divine inspiration.
The time when all Christians will be lifted off of earth, usually to avoid the Tribulation.
Pro-gay Christian; argues that the Greek arsenokoites should be read as pederasty rather than homosexuality.
Concept in Revelation; these hold a scroll shut, are opened by Jesus, and come with certain symbols, notably the four horsemen.
Founder of the Biblical Archaeological Society
Another name for Silas, the companion of Paul
Church in Rev 3; also dealing with fake Jews in a synagogue of Satan. Rich, but afflicted with something and about to be tested / imprisoned.
One leader of Dead Sea Scrolls project; probably primary; youngest member. Taught at Harvard. Devoted 40 years.
Record of rabbinic Jewish discussions on law, history, etc. Composed of Mishnah and Gemara
Greek word in NT for Hell
Scribe used by Paul to write Romans
The effort to reconstruct the original text from multiple copies
Printed Greek texts that became the basis for later translations
Not mentioned in the canonical NT, but a supposed follower of Paul who was drawn in by Paul's emphasis on chastity.
Disciple and traveling companion of Paul; recipient of two epistles; mother and grandmother Lois and Eunice
Another follower of Paul; Epistle addressed to him includes rules for selection of bishops and rules for submission of slaves and women.
Body, soul, and spirit.
Doctrine based partly on the Johannine Comma; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Doctrine that there is only God, so Jesus wasn't God.
Mennonite theologian; proponent of a Christus Victor atonement theology
Weaver, J. Denny
Along with Hort, replaced Erasmus' Greek New Testament.
Westcott, B. F.
Film with Gnostic undertones: What they wanted was inside of them all along, etc.
Wizard of Oz (film)
Star that falls into the sea during Revelation
Israeli archaeologist and military commander.
Religion that had strong influences on the Abrahamic traditions
Year of the destruction of the Second Temple
Year of the First Council of Nicea
325 C. E.
One "number of the Beast"
Publication of Westcott & Hort
Number of Israelites sealed to protect them from the tribulation in Revelation
Says editors of Gospel of Judas are wrong; Judas isn't set aside as a special person, he was exiled.
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