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28 terms

Plant Biotech 9

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krebs
The cycle that involves pyruvate being converted to Acetyl CoA, regeneration of oxaloacetic acid, and the formation of energy.
32 ATP
The respiration step that results in oxidative phosphorylation
Glycolysis
The respiration step that results in 2 ATP, 2 NADH, 2 pyruvate molecules
Kreb's cycle
The respiration step that results in 8 NADH, 2 FADH2, 2 ATP
respiration
results in the release of energy from the breakdown of carbohydrates, or glucose
30%
Respiration produces ____________ ATP per glucose molecule, which is approximately ____________ of the available energy in a glucose molecule.
glycolysis
involves the breakdown of a glucose molecule into two 3 carbon pyruvate molecules and yields 2 ATP.
FAD and NAD
coenzymes commonly utilized by plants as electron carriers in respiration
Carboxylation phase of the calvin cycle
when carboxylase activity of RUBISCO converts RuBP to into 2 molecules of 3-PGA.
C6H12O6 + 6 O2
The input in respiration that results in 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + 36 ATP
Mitochondrial matrix
Where the kreb's cycle occurs
Cristae
Where oxidative phosphorylation occurs
Cytoplasm
Where glycolysis occurs
Phosphoglycolate
The waste product when the oxygenase activity of rubisco binds O2 to RuBP
Nitrite reductase
Enzyme found in chloroplasts that reduces nitrite to NH3
Glutamine synthetase
Enzyme that catalyzes the formation of glutamine from condensation of glutamate and NH3
NO3- and NH4+
Primary forms of nitrogen that plants acquire from the soil
mRNA
Type of RNA responsible for carrying the genetic information to direct protein synthesis
Nitrogenase
Type of RNA that is a component of cytoplasmic ribosomes
t-RNA
Type of RNA responsible for carrying specific amino acids to the ribosome for attachment to the growing peptide chain
ferredoxin
During nitrogen fixation the Fe-protein and Fe-Mo-protein complexes are reduced by electrons donated from this
cytosine
replaces Guanine as a pyrimidine on RNA
Transcription
Process of copying a specific section of DNA onto mRNA
20
The number of amino acids that make-up proteins depending on sequence
sn-RNA
Type of RNA involved in the removal of non-coding sections of mRNA prior to protein synthesis.
Translation
Process by which polypeptides are synthesized from amino acids according to information encoded on mRNA:
leghemoglobin
has a high affinity for oxygen and thus prevents excessive oxygen levels from inhibiting the activity of the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenase enzyme.
DNA
Double helix structure composed of a ribose sugar-phosphate backbone and connected by N containing purine and pyrimidine bases