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Plant Biotech 9
The cycle that involves pyruvate being converted to Acetyl CoA, regeneration of oxaloacetic acid, and the formation of energy.
The respiration step that results in oxidative phosphorylation
The respiration step that results in 2 ATP, 2 NADH, 2 pyruvate molecules
The respiration step that results in 8 NADH, 2 FADH2, 2 ATP
results in the release of energy from the breakdown of carbohydrates, or glucose
Respiration produces ____________ ATP per glucose molecule, which is approximately ____________ of the available energy in a glucose molecule.
involves the breakdown of a glucose molecule into two 3 carbon pyruvate molecules and yields 2 ATP.
FAD and NAD
coenzymes commonly utilized by plants as electron carriers in respiration
Carboxylation phase of the calvin cycle
when carboxylase activity of RUBISCO converts RuBP to into 2 molecules of 3-PGA.
C6H12O6 + 6 O2
The input in respiration that results in 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + 36 ATP
Where the kreb's cycle occurs
Where oxidative phosphorylation occurs
Where glycolysis occurs
The waste product when the oxygenase activity of rubisco binds O2 to RuBP
Enzyme found in chloroplasts that reduces nitrite to NH3
Enzyme that catalyzes the formation of glutamine from condensation of glutamate and NH3
NO3- and NH4+
Primary forms of nitrogen that plants acquire from the soil
Type of RNA responsible for carrying the genetic information to direct protein synthesis
Type of RNA that is a component of cytoplasmic ribosomes
Type of RNA responsible for carrying specific amino acids to the ribosome for attachment to the growing peptide chain
During nitrogen fixation the Fe-protein and Fe-Mo-protein complexes are reduced by electrons donated from this
replaces Guanine as a pyrimidine on RNA
Process of copying a specific section of DNA onto mRNA
The number of amino acids that make-up proteins depending on sequence
Type of RNA involved in the removal of non-coding sections of mRNA prior to protein synthesis.
Process by which polypeptides are synthesized from amino acids according to information encoded on mRNA:
has a high affinity for oxygen and thus prevents excessive oxygen levels from inhibiting the activity of the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenase enzyme.
Double helix structure composed of a ribose sugar-phosphate backbone and connected by N containing purine and pyrimidine bases