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SS7: Week 8, Islam and India
Terms in this set (44)
successor to Muhammad
group that believes that community needs a leader with political skills
minority of Muslims that believe only Muhammad's relatives should become caliph
a family that passes down political power from one relative to another
an Islamic lifestyle that stresses controlling one's desires, giving up worldly desires, and seeking nearness to God
ruler of a Muslim state
the symbols we use for numbers today
the art of decorative writing
stress, mark as important
a status with political rights and obligations
a symbol used to represent a number
a counting system based on units of ten
the science that deals with extracting metal from ore and using it to create useful objects
plays or performances that tell stories
remove, draw out
devotion to God in various forms
a person many Buddhists believe to have reached enlightenment, but is reborn again to help others reach nirvana
support, speak out in favor of
After Muhammad died, rulers called ____________ (Arabic for successor) led the Muslim community and empire. Muhummad's death caused a split among Muslim followers, who disagreed who should be the next rightful leader.
The __________ believed that the Muslim community needed a leader with political skills. They supported Muhammad's main advisor, Abu Bakr, to be the first caliph. Their name comes from the word "Sunnah," the religious book that they hold in high regard.
A minority of Muslims believed that only Muhammad's relatives should become caliph. This group, the __________, gets its name from the Arabic word for "supporters," because they supported Ali, Muhammad's relative.
The Umayyad ____________, a family that passed down its power from one generation to the next, helped the Arab Muslim empire reach its greatest size.
True or False: Expansion brought Arabs into contact with other cultures. Many non-Arabs adopted Islam and some began to speak Arabic. In turn, non-Arab cultures influenced Arab conquerors, resulting in a distinct blend of cultures in this new Muslim civilization.
True or False: Muslims in different regions combined Arab culture and Islam with the Persian, Byzantine, Indian, and other cultures that were already there. Muslim scholars and priests studied ancient texts and religions from the people who lived in the places they conquered. This collaboration of various cultures and ideas led to advances in
science, mathematics, philosophy, medicine, and the arts.
Muslim societies honored their merchants. In Muslim lands, successful merchants had great _______________, which describes one's ability to move up in society.
Poetry was a central part of Arab culture. Rumi, one of the famous Muslim poets, practiced Sufism, which _______________ controlling one's desires.
Arab mathematics used a decimal system based on Indian numerals. This system included the idea, or ______________, of zero.
Many Muslim artists recreated verses from the Quran by using an art of decorative writing called _______________.
The Gupta empire, unlike the previous Maurya empire, had a type of
_________________ for its subjects, which gave them a status with political rights and obligations.
True or False: The first Gupta leader, Chandra Gupta I, expanded his territory in the Ganges Basin through both peaceful alliances and violent wars.
True or False: Unlike the Mauryas, the Guptas did not try to rule their entire empire directly. Instead, they left most decisions in the hands of local leaders.
Music and dance thrived during the Gupta period. Some forms of Indian ____________ combined stories, dance, and music. Performers with elaborate makeup and costumes told stories through song and dance.
Gupta artisans also made progress in _______________, the science that deals with extracting metal from ore and using it to create useful objects.
In southern India, the Chola Empire grew in power during the 9th
century partly due to key ________________ trading networks which connected different cultures and empires across the Indian Ocean.
The ___________ movement, as well as other Hindu traditions, helped create a cultural unity across India at a time of political fragmentation.
A _____________________ is a person many Buddhists believe to have reached
enlightenment, but is reborn again to help others reach nirvana.
One _____________ of Buddhism, named Xuanzang, helped spread his religion to is home country after he brought back 500 Buddhist books to China after studying in a Buddhist monastery for ten years in India.
Some Mughal rulers persecuted Hindus, as well as adherents of other non-Muslim faiths such as Sikhism and Jainism. The Mughal emperor Akbar followed a different policy. He treated Hindus with respect and _______________ religious tolerance.
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