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PDX : Skin / Hair / Nails
Terms in this set (58)
Patient presents with very low melanin pigment. Diagnosis?
Patient presents with yellow/orange skin, high carotene. Diagnosis?
Patient presents pale or cyanotic. Diagnosis?
Patient has extra pigments and presents yellowish in color. Diagnosis?
Patient present's with a transverse depression on the fingernail following malnutrition, trauama, or severe febrile disease. This is known as?
Patient presents with horizontal white bands of the nails following acute or severe illness. What are these called and what are they indicative of?
Mees' Lines, indicative of arsenic poisioning
Patient presents with division of the nail bed, a proximal dull white part and distal pink part. What is this called and what is it indicative of?
Half and Half Nail, indicative of renal failure
Patient presents with a white ground-glass opacity of the nail, very faint zone of pink at distal end. What is this called and what is it indicative of?
Terry's Nails, indicative of hypoalbuminemia, heart disease, liver and renal failure
Patient presents with a concave outer surface of nails. What is this called and what it is indicative of?
Koilonychia, indicative of Iron deficiency or heavy contact with oils
Patient presents with proliferation of distal tissues in the nail beds, resulting in thickening/widening of extremeties of digits. What is this called and what is it indicative of?
Clubbing, indicative of cardiopulmonary disease
Patient presents with many small pitting of the nails, what is this indicative of?
A generic flat lesion of color differing from surrounding skin.
A solid, elevated but superficial mass.
Papule (wart / mole)
Transitory lesions resulting from allergic response
A solid mass that extends deep, if large termed tumor.
Fluid or mucoid filled bump on skin. May be any size or hardness
Tiny blister filled with clear fluid, early chickenpox is an example.
A large blister (~1cm across) usually the result of a burn
Elevated skin area containing pus, acne and later chicken pox are examples.
Skin discoloration caused by deposits of blood within the skin, area is greater than 1cm
Skin discoloration caused by deposits of blood within the skin, area is 3mm-1cm
Skin discoloration caused by deposits of blood within the skin, area is less than 3mm
This disease is characterized by the presence of more than six 1.5cm or greater cafe-au-lait spots, as well as axillary freckeling
Flakes of dead skin, examples being psoriasis and dandruff
Tiny dried masses of material that has oozed out of an orifice. Example is impetigo
Sharp breaks in the skin. Most common location is on feet and anus.
Destruction of one or more skin layers, exposing underlying tissue.
Results from newly formed connective tissue, replaces the lost tissue.
An area of skin that is thickened and scaly, usually by excessive exposure to sun.
What are common sources of metastasizing tumors in the skin? (2)
Breast carcinomas, leukemias
What are the ABCD's of skin cancer?
D(iameter larger than 6mm)
Most common form of skin cnacer, also known as a "rodent ulcer" due to its indented state.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
These are new vessels formed that feed cancer, can bleed easily.
Type of skin cancer presenting in a dry area with no indent, may originate from layer of flattened epidermal cells.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Most dangerous form of skin cancer, appear to be due to overexposure to sun in childhood. Metastasizes early and quickly.
Once rare tumor that has become very frequent as a complication to AIDS
Characterized by itching and burning sensation, some reddening and blistering. Usually caused by a chemical or physical agent.
Reddening of the skin caused by ultraviolet light, higher susceptibility for fair skinned individuals.
Erythema Solare (Sunburn)
Reaction characterized by burning and itching during hot/humid weather, and the presence of small blisters on covered areas of skin.
Miliaria (Heat Rash)
Another name for Hallux-Valgus
Uneven distribution of weight on the feet leads to excess pressure and friction which causes these.
Corns / Calluses
This type of burn only affects the epidermis, usually presents with painful redness.
First Degree Burn
This type of burn affects the epidermis and part of the dermis, usually presents with blistering.
Second Degree Burn
This type of burn is usually painless and goes through the entire epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous. May require skin graft.
Third Degree Burn
Rare illness that causes extensive tissue destruction and death caused by an infection.
Most common skin disease, more common in males
Acne (Acne Vulgaris)
Infection of the hair follicles by staphylococci, sometimes known as "barber's itch".
Larger than acne, deeper and more serious infections of the hair follicles. Result in abscess formation.
Furuncles (Boils) and Carbuncles
Characterized by localized crusty lesions, very contagious and caused by streptococcal pyoderma. Common in daycares.
Serious disease characterized by widely spreading zones of readness, swelling, and blistering of skin. Has systemic effects including chills and fever, can lead to blood poisioning.
Fungal infections of the skin, commonly mistaken by the public to be a parasitic infection.
Fungal infection of the feet, also known as dermatophytosis.
Athlete's Foot (Tinea Pedis)
Fungal infection that causes pigmental change on an individual.
Common parasitic infection caused by mites burrowing into the skin and excreting waste products. Causes intense itching.
A louse infestation of the scalp, trunk, or pubic areas, each kind is caused by a different species.
Sores near the mouth and genital areas, tend to occur repeatedly in the same location. Usually an outbreak occurs after fever, fatigue, or nervous tension.
Painful infection of the nerves in the skin, accompanied by skin eruptions along the course of the nerve.
Small, horny lumps that can grow anywehre on the skin, but usually appear on hands/feet. Caused by a virus.
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