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Arts and Humanities
COM107 EXAM 2 VOCAB
Terms in this set (35)
"the notion that the press operates as an unofficial branch of government, monitoring the legislative, judicial, and executive branches for abuses of power"
"the legal definition of censorship in the United States; it prohibits courts and governments from blocking any publication or speech before it actually occurs."
Act of harming or ruining another's reputation
Slander and Libel
Slander: "in law, spoken language that defames a person's character."
Libel: "in law, spoken language that defames a person's character."
right to privacy
"addresses a person's right to be left alone, without his or her name, image, or daily activities becoming public property"
"legal restrictions prohibiting the press from releasing preliminary information that might prejudice jury selection"
"laws protecting the confidentiality of key interview subjects and reporters' rights not to reveal the sources of controversial information used in news stories"
"the process of gathering information and making narrative reports—edited by individuals in a news organization—that create selected frames of reference and help the public make sense of prominent people, important events, and unusual happenings in everyday life."
conflict of interest
"considered unethical, a compromising situation in which a journalist stands to benefit personally from the news report he or she produces"
"a situation in which reporters stake out a house or follow a story in such large groups that the entire profession comes under attack for invading people's privacy or exploiting their personal tragedies"
"in TV journalism, the equivalent of a quote in print; the part of a news report in which an expert, a celebrity, a victim, or a person on the street is interviewed about some aspect of an event or issue."
"a type of journalism, driven by citizen forums, that goes beyond telling the news to embrace a broader mission of improving the quality of public life; also called civic journalism."
"an early dominant style of American journalism distinguished by opinion newspapers, which generally argued one political point of view or pushed the plan of the particular party that subsidized the paper"
(also penny papers) "refers to newspapers that, because of technological innovations in printing, were able to drop their price to one cent beginning in the 1830s, thereby making papers affordable to working and emerging middle classes and enabling newspapers to become a genuine mass medium"
human interest stories
"news accounts that focus on the trials and tribulations of the human condition, often featuring ordinary individuals facing extraordinary challenges"
"a newspaper style or era that peaked in the 1890s, it emphasized high-interest stories, sensational crime news, large headlines, and serious reports that exposed corruption, particularly in business and government"
"news reports that hunt out and expose corruption, particularly in business and government"
"a modern style of journalism that distinguishes factual reports from opinion columns; reporters strive to remain neutral toward the issue or event they cover, searching out competing points of view among the sources for a story"
inverted pyramid style
"a style of journalism in which news reports begin with the most dramatic or newsworthy information—answering who, what, where, and when (and less frequently why or how) questions at the top of the story—and then trail off with less significant details."
"a type of journalism that involves analyzing and explaining key issues or events and placing them in a broader historical or social context"
"news reports that adapt fictional storytelling techniques to nonfictional material; sometimes called new journalism"
"reporters who used a style of early-twentieth-century investigative journalism that emphasized a willingness to crawl around in society's muck to uncover a story"
"types of magazines that address a wide variety of topics and are aimed at a broad national audience"
"the use of photos to document events and people's lives"
"the total number of people who come into contact with a single copy of a magazine"
"newspapers that feature bizarre human-interest stories, gruesome murder tales, violent accident accounts, unexplained phenomena stories, and malicious celebrity gossip"
"a form of advertising that uses content (for example an article, video, or infographic) to promote a service or a product."
Voyage to the Moon (Georges Méliès)
- Georges Méliès was a french magician and inventor who opened the first public movie theater in France in 1896.
- "Méliès may have been the first director to realize that a movie was not simply a means of recording reality, that it could be artificially planned and controlled like a staged play. Méliès began producing short fantasy and fairy-tale films"
- Méliès employed editing and existing camera tricks and techniques, such as slow motion and cartoon animation, and this "became key ingredients in future narrative filmmaking."
- "Edison's Trust attempted to monopolize exhibition by controlling the flow of films to theater owners. If theaters wanted to ensure they had films to show their patrons, they had to purchase a license from the Trust and pay whatever price it asked. Otherwise, they would be locked out of the Trust and have to try to find enough films from independent producers to show."
- "Edison's Trust sought to control distribution... by withholding equipment from companies not willing to pay the Trust's patent-use fees."
"a narrative category in which conventions regarding similar characters, scenes, structures, and themes recur in combination."
"an early film production system that constituted a sort of assembly-line process for moviemaking; major film studios controlled not only actors but also directors, editors, writers, and other employees, all of whom worked under exclusive contracts"
"an early tactic of movie studios to control exhibition, involving pressuring theater operators to accept marginal films with no stars in order to get access to films with the most popular stars."
Nickelodeon (not the TV network)
"the first makeshift movie theaters, which were often converted cigar stores, pawnshops, or restaurants redecorated to mimic vaudeville theaters."
"the 1948 U.S. Supreme Court decision that ended vertical integration in the film industry by forcing the studios to divest themselves of their theaters"
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