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Prep U CH 7
Nur248 Assignment R
Terms in this set (51)
A nurse is explaining the fetus's position to a female client whose baby is in the frank breech position. Which statement by the client would indicate that the teaching was understood?
"My baby's hips are flexed, and the knees are extended."
The nurse is monitoring a client who is in the second stage of labor, at +2 station, and anticipating birth within the hour. The client is now reporting the epidural has stopped working and is begging for something for pain. Which action should the nurse prioritize?
Encourage her through the contractions, explaining why she cannot receive any pain medication.
The nurse is assessing a client in active labor and notes a small, rounded mass above the symphysis pubis that is distended but nontender. Which action should the nurse prioritize?
Check the chart for the last void.
Which order by the health care provider would the nurse question if given in the active stage of labor?
Secobarbital for relaxation
A nurse is preparing to auscultate the fetal heart rate of a pregnant woman at term admitted to the labor and birth suite. Assessment reveals that the fetus is in a cephalic presentation. At which area on the woman's body would the nurse best hear the sounds?
in the woman's lower abdominal quadrant
A woman refuses to have an epidural block because she does not want to have a postdural puncture (spinal) headache after birth. What would be the nurse's best response?
"Spinal headache is not a usual complication of epidural blocks."
During the assessment of a woman in labor, the nurse explains that certain landmarks are used to determine the progress of the birth. The nurse identifies which area as one of these landmarks?
The nurse is analyzing the readout on the EFM and determines the FHR pattern is normal based on which recording?
Acceleration of at least 15 bpm for 15 seconds
The health care provider and nurse are assisting the client in the delivery of the fetus. The mother has been pushing with little effect. As the nurse obtains the instruments to assist with delivery, which method is used for pain relief?
A pudendal block
A client in labor has administered an epidural anesthesia. Which assessment findings should the nurse prioritize?
maternal hypotension and fetal bradycardia
The nurse in an obstetric clinic is conducting client education with a group of expectant mothers. One young woman asks the nurse to tell the group what labor pain is like. What would be the nurse's best response?
"The pain of labor is unique and multidimensional. It originates from different places depending on what stage of labor you are in."
A client has been in labor for 10 hours and is 6 cm dilated. She has already expressed a desire to use nonpharmacologic pain management techniques. For the past hour, she has been lying in bed with her doula rubbing her back. Now, she has begun to moan loudly, grit her teeth, and bear down with each contraction. She rates her pain as 8 out of 10 with each contraction. What should the nurse do first?
Assess for labor progression.
Early in labor, a pregnant client asks why contractions hurt so much. Which answer should the nurse provide?
lack of oxygen to the muscle fibers of the uterus due to compression of blood vessels
The nurse is admitting a client in early labor and notes: FHR 120 bpm, blood pressure 126/84 mm Hg, temperature 98.8°F (37.1°C), contractions every 4 to 5 minutes lasting 30 seconds, and greenish-color fluid in the vaginal vault. Which finding should the nurse prioritize?
Meconium in the fluid
The nurse is caring for a client who has been in labor for the past 8 hours. The nurse determines that the client has transitioned into the second stage of labor based on which sign?
The urge to push occurs.
The pain of labor is influenced by many factors. What is one of these factors?
The woman is prepared for labor and birth.
A client has just had an epidural placed. Before the procedure, her vital signs were as follows: BP 120/70, P90 bmp, R18 per min, and O2 sat 98%. Now, 3 minutes after the procedure, the client says she feels lightheaded and nauseous. Her vital signs are BP 80/40, P100 bmp, R20 per min, and O2 sat 96%. Which interventions should the nurse perform?
Assist the client to semi-Fowler position, assess the fetal heart rate, start an IV bolus of 500 ml, and administer oxygen via face mask.
A client is scheduled for a cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. After instruction is given by the anesthesiologist, the nurse determines the client has understood the instructions when the client states:
"I may end up with a severe headache from the spinal anesthesia."
The health care provider is evaluating a high-risk woman for a continuous internal monitoring. Which criterion would need to be met for this type of monitoring?
rupture of membranes
The nurse is caring for a client who is sent to the obstetric unit for evaluation of fetal well-being. At which location is the nurse correct to place the tocodynamometer?
On the uterine fundus
If the monitor pattern of uteroplacental insufficiency were present, which action would the nurse do first?
Turn her or ask her to turn to her side.
A client presents to the birthing center in labor. The client's membranes have just ruptured. Which assessment is the nurse's priority?
A gravida 1 client is admitted in the active phase of stage 1 labor with the fetus in the LOA position. The nurse anticipates noting which finding when the membranes rupture?
Clear to straw-colored fluid
Which type of anesthesia is anticipated when the delivery of the fetus must be done quickly due to an emergency situation?
Which procedure is contraindicated in an antepartum client with bright red, painless bleeding?
The nurse is preparing an educational event for pregnant women on the topic of labor pain and birth. The nurse understands the need to include the origin of labor pain for each stage of labor. What information will the nurse present for the first stage of labor?
Pain originates from the cervix and lower uterine segment.
How does a woman who feels in control of the situation during labor influence her pain?
Feelings of control are inversely related to the client's report of pain.
A client in labor has requested the administration of narcotics to reduce pain. At 2 cm cervical dilation (dilatation), she says that she is managing the pain well at this point but does not want it to get ahead of her. What should the nurse do?
Advise the client to hold out a bit longer, if possible, before administration of the drug, to prevent slowing labor.
Which nursing action is essential if the laboring client has the urge to push but she is not fully dilated?
Have the client pant and blow through the contraction.
The licensed practical nurse is evaluating the tracings on the fetal heart monitor. The nurse is concerned that there is a change in the tracings. What should the LPN do first?
Assess and reposition the woman.
Which intervention would be least effective in caring for a woman who is in the transition phase of labor?
encouraging the woman to ambulate
Which statement is true regarding analgesia versus anesthesia?
Regional anesthesia should be given with caution close to the time of birth because it crosses the placenta and can cause respiratory depression in the newborn.
A nurse recommends to a client in labor to try concentrating intently on a photo of her family as a means of managing pain. The woman looks skeptical and asks, "How would that stop my pain?" Which explanation should the nurse give?
"It distracts your brain from the sensations of pain."
While waiting for the placenta to deliver during the third stage of labor the nurse must assess the new mother's vital signs every 15 minutes. What sign would indicate impending shock?
tachycardia and a falling blood pressure
A woman states that she does not want any medication for pain relief during labor. Her primary care provider has approved this for her. What the nurse's best response to her concerning this choice?
"I respect your preference, whether it is to have medication or not."
During labor, progressive fetal descent occurs. Place the stations listed in their proper sequence from first to last. All options must be used.
A pregnant woman with a fetus in the cephalic presentation is in the latent phase of the first stage of labor. Her membranes rupture spontaneously. The fluid is green in color. Which action by the nurse would be appropriate?
Notify the health care provider about possible meconium.
General anesthesia is not used frequently in obstetrics because of the risks involved. There are physiologic changes that occur during pregnancy that make the risks of general anesthesia higher than it is in the general population. What is one of those risks?
Neonatal depression is possible.
To assess the frequency of a woman's labor contractions, the nurse would time:
the beginning of one contraction to the beginning of the next.
A client in labor is administered lorazepam to help her relax enough so that she can participate effectively during her labor process rather than fighting against it. For which adverse effect of the drug should the nurse monitor?
Which primary symptom does the nurse identify as a potentially fatal complication of epidural or intrathecal anesthesia?
The nurse is reviewing the medication administration record (MAR) of a client at 39 weeks' gestation and notes that she is ordered an opioid for pain relief. Which is an assessment priority after administering?
Assess fetal heart rate.
A nurse is preparing a client for rhythm strip testing. She places the woman into a semi-Fowler position. What is the appropriate rationale for this measure?
To prevent supine hypotension syndrome
A nurse caring for a pregnant client in labor observes that the fetal heart rate (FHR) is below 110 beats per minute. Which interventions should the nurse perform? Select all that apply.
Turn the client on her left side.
Administer oxygen by mask.
Assess client for underlying causes.
The nurse is admitting a primigravida client who has just presented to the unit in early labor. Which response should the nurse prioritize to assist the client in remaining calm and cooperative during birth?
"The baby is coming. I'll explain what's happening and guide you."
The nurse is admitting a client who is in early labor. After determining that the birth is not imminent, which assessment should the nurse perform next?
A client is in active labor. Checking the EFM tracing, the nurse notes variables that are abnormal. What would be the nurse's first nursing intervention?
Help the woman change positions.
The student nurse is preparing to assess the fetal heart rate (FHR). She has determined that the fetal back is located toward the client's left side, the small parts toward the right side, and there is a vertex (occiput) presentation. The nurse should initially begin auscultation of the fetal heart rate in the mother's:
left lower quadrant.
The injection of a local anesthetic to block specific nerve pathways is referred to as:
Which possible outcome would be a major disadvantage of any pain relief method that also affects awareness of the mother?
The mother may have difficulty working effectively with contractions.
The nurse explains Leopold's maneuvers to a pregnant client. For which purposes are these maneuvers performed? Select all that apply.
determining the lie of the fetus
determining the presentation of the fetus
determining the position of the fetus
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