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10 terms

The National Judiciary (p. 169)

Under the guidelines of the Constitution, which of the following is NOT within the jurisdiction of the federal courts?
A. cases involving federal law
B. cases involving interpretation of state constitutions
C. cases involving interpretation of the federal Constitution
D. treaties
E. cases involving territories
Federal courts created by Congress under Article III of the Constitution include the Supreme Court, district courts, courts of appeals, Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and the U.S. Court of International Trade. These courts can best be described as
A. legislative courts
B. territorial courts
C. constitutional courts
D. original courts
E. inferior courts
What type of jurisdiction does the Supreme Court have?
I. original
II. appellate
III. concurrent
A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II
E. I, II, and III
Which of the following best described the formal qualifications for a federal judge?
A. They serve "during good behavior"
B. The president appoints them with the approval of the House of Representatives
C. They serve at the discretion of the president
D. They serve at the discretion of the Congress
E. They have no formal qualification other than being a loyal follower of the president
Which of the following has little bearing when the president makes an appointment to the Supreme Court?
A. party affiliation
B. judicial philosophy
C. likability
D. "litmus test"
E. judicial experience
Who was the first president to appoint an African American to the Supreme Court?
A. Richard Nixon
B. Lyndon Johnson
C. Ronald Reagan
D. John Kennedy
E. Jimmy Carter
Which of the following terms b est describes the Supreme Court's issuance of an order directing a lower court to send up its record for review?
A. certificate
B. rule of four
C. amicus curiae
D. writ of certiorari
E. brief order
The majority opinion, issued by the Supreme Court as the final decision of a case, becomes the standard or guide that will be followed in deciding similar cases in the future. This standard or guide is known as a
A. precedent
B. brief
C. argument
D. decision
E. poll of the court
Which of the following courts was first known for narrowing the rights of defendants?
A. Warren Court
B. Rehnquist Court
C. Burger Court
D. New Deal Court
E. Nixon Court
The judicial philosophy that advocates the courts' active role in policy-making is called
A. strict construction
B. judicial activism
C. loose construction
D. judicial restraint
E. liberalism