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31 terms

Plants

Meador quiz 5/4
STUDY
PLAY
eukaryotes
plants are multicellular ___________
cellulose
plant cell walls are made of ____________
photosynthesis
plants obtain glucose through ____________
geotropism
plants tend to grow in the direction that gravity pulls them (roots of plants grow down into the soil)
guard cells
specialized crescent-shaped cells that control the opening and closing of a stomata
stomata
openings in a leaf through which gases and water enter or leave
xylem
plant tissue made of hollow cells called tracheids; transport water in vascular plants
phloem
plant tissue that transports nutrients and carbohydrates in vascular plants
anther
pollen is produced and released by the _____________
self-pollination
when the pollen from one flower is used to fertilize the eggs produced by that same flower (true-bred flowers)
cross pollination
when the pollen from one flower is used to pollinate another flower
bryophyta
sexual, nonvascular, have spores, near water so that sperm can swim to reach eggs and fertilize them
pterophyta
sexual, vascular, have spores, require at least a thin film of water so sperm can reach eggs
coniferophyta
sexual, vascular, have seeds, does not require water for fertilization, reproduces through pollination, also called gymnosperms
antherophyta
sexual, vascular, have seeds, does not require water, reproduces through pollination, has flowers and seeds, also called angiosperms
moss
example of bryophyta
fern
example of pterophyta
pine tree
example of coniferophyta
tulip
example of antherophyta
monocot
has a single cotyledon
dicot
has a double cotyledon
monocot
has parallel veins on leaves
dicot
has branched veins on leaves
monocot
floral parts often in multiples of threes
dicot
floral parts often in multiples of fours or fives
monocot
has vascular bundles scattered throughout stem
dicot
has vascular bundles arranged in a ring
monocot
has fibrous roots
dicot
has a taproot
corn, grass, lilies
examples of monocots
maple, oak
examples of dicots