24 terms

College/Career Exam

Why attend college?
A college degree can open doors and provide many opportunities in life.
Greater Knowledge
A college education will increase your ability to understand developments in science and in society, think abstractly and critically, express thoughts clearly in speech and in writing, and make wise decisions. These skills are useful both on and off the job.
Increased Job Opportunities
Many jobs rely on new technology and already require more brainpower than muscle-power. In a person's working life, more and more jobs will require education beyond high school. A college education will increase the number and variety of jobs from which you can choose. A college degree is synonymous with higher income, a better standard of living, and a more satisfying job.
More Money
A person who attends college will ultimately earn more than one who does not.
Greater Potential
College can increase your knowledge and expand your potential to get a job. It also provides a greater knowledge of and appreciation for different ideas, philosophies, cultures, and people.
Career Advancement
Many companies now require a college education for any promotion to management positions. Even a two-year degree can be all that stands between you and the desired career change.
Vocational, Technical, Business, and Trade Schools
This type of school is to put you straight to work. Here, you learn a specific skill for the job, and then you go to work.
Two-Year Community/Junior Colleges
These schools can either be a springboard to a University or another path to go right to work.
Four-Year Colleges/Universities
This type of school requires graduating with at least a Bachelor's Degree.
Professional Schools
The type of school is to receive a Graduate Degree.
Certificates and Diplomas
working degree
Associate Degree
a degree granted by a two-year college on successful completion of the undergraduates course of studies
Bachelor Degree
An undergraduate degree which usually takes four years to earn and is awarded by a college or university.
First Professional Degree
awarded upon completion of programs of study that prepare individuals to work in certain professions such as law, medicine, or architecture. This is a graduate degree.
Master's Degree
a degree granted by a college or university after successful completion of at least one bachelor' s degree and successful completion of an additional two years of study
Doctorate Degree
highest level earned for education, the degree takes at least four additional years of specialized education after a Bachelor and requires writing a doctorate thesis paper.
College Characteristics
Type of school (i.e. public or private)
Graduation and Retention Rates
School and Class Size
Admission Requirements
Location (i.e. Suburban, Urban, Rural)
Distance from Home
Religious Affiliation
Ethnic Composition
Single Gender or Coed (i.e. women's/men's/coed)
Curriculum and Programs
Certificates, licenses, and degrees offered
Quality of education
Facilities (i.e. computer labs, libraries, restaurants, shops, and health clubs, etc.)
Campus environment and security
Housing and Transportation
Social activities and clubs (i.e. special interest groups, activities, fraternities/sororities)
Athletics (i.e. intramural and varsity sports)
Financial Aid
Job Placement (i.e. internships, co-operative education programs, etc.)
College Costs and Financial Aid
Public Institutions
Open Enrollment
Has to accept everyone if they meet the admission requirement
Receive large portions of their budgets from State or local government through tax dollars
Generally lower tuition
More scholarships
Private Institutions
Closed Enrollment
Can accept only who they want
Receive less financial support from State and local government
Higher tuition
Offer enough financial aid to make their schools affordable
First choice
Do not have to be repaid
Based on financial need
Do not have to be repaid
Educational Loans
Have to be repaid
Borrowed money with high interest
Work-study programs
Self-help aid
Part-time employment to students who need financial aid