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occasional lapses in vitamin intake should cause no harm
which of the following is true about the intake of vitamins
water soluble are less likely to be toxic
water soluble and fat soluble vitamins differ in the following way
most scientists believe we have discovered all vitamins relevant to humans
which of the following is true aboue our current knowledge about vitamins
a fortified breakfast cereal such as Total Raisen Bran
If you wanted to add significant quantities of vitamins and minerals to your diet from the food you eat, a good choice would be
the FDA does not regulate all vitamin and mineral supplements closely
which of the following is true about the regulation of the production and sale of vitamin and mineral supplements?
after absorption , they are transported through the lymphatic system to the bloodstream
which of the following is true about the absorption , transport and storage of fat soluble vitamins?
vitamins A and D
Which nutrients are most toxic if consumed in excess amounts over long periods of time?
increases the risk of developing pellegra or beriberi
all the following are true statements regarding fat malabsorption EXCEPT
which fat soluble vitamin is important for the health of epithelial cells b/c it promotes mucus production
this vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, can help prevent neural tube defects like spina bifida
dark green or orange vegetables and/or fruits are recommended at least every other day to provide a source of
it can be formed in the body by skin exposure to the sun
Vitamin D is unique among the vitamins because
calcium deposits in the kidneys and other organs
the major effect of taking high doses of vitamin D is
Decreasing LDL oxidation
Current scientific evidence indicates that vitamin E might play a role in preventing atherosclerosis by
milk and dairy products
the foods that provide the largest source of riboflavin in the American diet are
it is only found in animal products
Acquiring sufficient vitamin B12 from the diet may be a problem to vegans because
Joe is a wrestler and during his workouts he loses 2 pounds. How much water would he have to drink to replenish this water weight loss?
thirst is a reliable indicator of how much water should be consumed to replenish body fluids
which of the following is NOT true about the regulation of fluid in the body ?
trace minerals are needed in amounts of 100 mg per day or less
minerals are classified in the following way
minerals from animal products are better absorbed than those from plants
Which of the following is true about mineral bioavailability?
increase urinary excretion of sodium
Consumption of a diet high in salt by a healthy individual will
This mineral can be protective for the teeth when introduced into the water supply; however it can cause tooth mottling when consumed in high quantities.
impaired glucose tolerance
A suboptimal intake of chromium in individuals in the US has been linked to
eat lots of prepackaged and canned foods
As far as diet is concerned, a person wanting to reduce the risk of developing hypertension would want to do all the following EXCEPT
the energy expended when resting, but awake, and the eating has not recently taken place
Basal metabolism is
it represents about 60% to 70% of total kcalories used by the body during a day
which of the following is true about basal metabolism?
refers to the extra energy used during digestion, absorption and metabolism
the thremic effect of food
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