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Terms in this set (134)
Which of the following is not in the sequence of the fight-or-flight response?
Limbic system releases ACTH from the hypothalamus
This type of stress is most commonly associated with illness and disease
Which of the following characteristics is not typically experienced in the fight-or-flight response
Increased gastric movement
The "tend and befriend theory" proposed by Shelley Taylor speaks best to the coping technique used by
This factor(s), above all else, determines one's degree of stress
One's perception or interpretation
the stress response is antiquated in today's rapidly changing society where few stressors are of a physical nature
College students have their own "life changes" or stressors. According to experts who track this information, these three "events" top the list of most stressful events during the academic year.
Death of a family member, death of a friend, and parental divorce
All but one of these factors is thought to negatively impact sleep hygiene
The Yerkes-Dodson Theory suggests that
there is an optimal stress level that promotes performance
Secondary Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) refers to:
stress experienced by family members of those with PTSD.
T/F Emotional well-being is best described as "the ability to feel and express the entire range of emotions but to control them, not be controlled by them.
Regarding stress management, the holistic wellness paradigm suggests that
one should address the causes and the symptoms of stress equally.
the whole is equal to the sum of the parts.
the Newtonian view of medicine is wrong.
one should address the mental, emotional, spiritual, and physical aspects of well-being.
all of the above.
all of the above.
T/F Experts agree that stress can best be defined as the "rate of wear and tear on the body."
Stressfully speaking, the anxiety from the digital divide, information overload, and cell phone proliferation can be summed up in one expression
The neurotransmitter associated with chemical addictions, but now also associated with screen addictions, is
"Cognitive Surplus" is a term that best explains
digital consciousness with online media
People on cell phones show a driving impairment measurable of
0.08 blood alcohol level
T/F The shallow effect: web-link jumping and cherry picking information leads to an inability to concentrate, focus, and comprehend a subject well.
T/F If you are inside playing video games, surfing the net, or using a smartphone all day long, more than likely you are not directly getting enough of the sunshine vitamin.
T/F In terms of "technostress," the rate of change with technology seems to have outpaced the level of responsibility and moral codes that accompany it.
"Future Shock" is best defined as
rapid societal change
T/F Water and the lack thereof is suggested to become a significant social stressor in the months and years to come
"Superstress" is a term coined by Dr. Roberta Lee to mean:
21st century lifestyle stress
The primary purpose of journal writing to help control stress is to
help identify and resolve the causes of stress through self-awareness
Journal writing as a coping technique is unique in that it is thought by many to be
a means of short-term emotional catharsis and long-term insight
These are the three essential criteria for effective journal writing
Identify concerns, identify emotions, and seek resolutions
T/F Experts suggest that the Internet has offered an effective means of journal writing through email and blogs
Current research reveals that journal writing helps in the following way
Decrease one's resting blood pressure
Decrease one's cholesterol levels
Decrease one's symptoms of fibromyalgia
Decrease one's sense of grieving
All of the above
All of the above
T/F Journal writing offers a good immediate catharsis, but offers little in the way of long-term resolutions
During the stress response, which of the following does not directly affect an increase in blood pressure?
The stress response initially involves this system.
The limbic system
When released, this substance is instrumental in returning the body to homeostasis
This substance is released as an immediate response to stress
This endocrine gland is called the master gland for its role in hormonal control
A decrease in this hormone is thought to be related to symptoms of depression
Based on brain imaging research in the last decade, which of the follow statements is not true
Damage to brain cells from chronic stress is reversible
This level of the brain is called the seat of the emotions because it appears to be the first to register pain
The limbic area
According to Borysenko's stress and disease model, cancer is regarded as an
According to Borysenko's stress and disease model, allergies are regarded as an
According to Candace Pert's stress and disease model
emotions can either enhance or suppress the immune system through the synthesis and release of neuropeptides throughout the body.
This layer of the human energy field is most closely associated with the body's blueprint of physical health and that found closest to the physical body.
The Gerber model of stress and disease indicates that:
human consciousness is comprised of layers of energy around the body.
changes produced in the human energy field can result in disease.
electrical pollution can have a disturbing effect on our emotions.
black clouds in the human aura typically signify cancerous tumors.
A and B.
A and B.
This layer of the human energy field is most closely associated with one's expression and manifestation of human emotions.
A chakra is
an energy vortex to transduce energy in/through the human energy field
Cell memory suggests that
every cell in the body holds consciousness
The "direct" link between stress and cancer is now thought to be
the reduction of T-lymphocytes
According to Ken Pelletier, the promise for discovering the real stress and disease connection resides in which current area of research?
Which of the following defense mechanisms is not commonly associated with the psychology of everyday stress?
According to Freud, the source of stress stems from an overactive
According to Carl Jung, the unconscious mind is well versed in this method of articulating itself.
The term "individuation" refers to
the process of self-reflection toward wholeness
Kübler-Ross's original order of the grieving stages is
denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance
Tragic optimism is
finding or making the best of a terrible situation
Frankl's theory differed from Freud in that
Frankl looked to one's future whereas Freud looked at one's past
Dr. Wayne Dyer would not agree with this statement
Guilt can be productive if it prevents worrying
Leo Buscaglia would not agree with this statement
Love is innate to all human beings
According to Maslow, the following are among the traits cited in the self-actualized individual
Creativity, a sense of humor, acceptance, and mystical sensations
Positive psychology is based on these three aspects
The study of happiness, positive virtues, and positive institutions
The most common theme among theorists regarding the psychology of stress is
T/F During the stress response, more epinephrine is released than norepinephrine from the neural endings
T/F The release of cortisol is initiated from the ACTH axis
T/F "Chronic mental antsyness" is a term that refers to frustration from multitasking
T/F The substance serotonin is most closely associated with a good night's sleep
T/F Current estimates suggest that as much as 50% of all disease and illness is either precipitated or aggravated by perceived stress.
T/F The premise of Gerber's stress and disease model is that consciousness is energy that surrounds and permeates the human body, and disruptions in the harmony of oscillations can cause illness to the physical body
T/F Chakras are meridian points in which acupuncture needles are used to unclog passages of energy or Chi
T/F Studies show that a person diagnosed with Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) can have different diseases that come and go among his or her different personalities.
T/F Hypnosis is said to have as great a cure rate for warts as medical treatments
T/F Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory is very similar to the concept of the chakra system.
Emotional literacy refers to the ability to read and respond to
your own emotions.
The following can be accurately stated about the gender difference of anger.
Women tend to have fewer anger-related symptoms than men.
This statement is not true regarding creative anger management strategies
Learn to disassociate from your anger
Systematic desensitization can best be described as
repeatedly exposing oneself to tolerable levels of stressors
a possible by-product of anger and fear
Which of the following statements is not true based on research in the field of positive psychology and happiness
There is no association between happiness and creativity
This is the term researchers use to "measure" happiness
subjective social well-being
First and foremost, happiness is
This Type A characteristic is thought to be most closely related to coronary heart disease
Hostile aggressive behavior
Polyphasia is another name for:
Which of the following are thought to be the greatest social influences on Type A behavior
Material wealth, secularization, and immediate gratification
Codependent behavior deals mostly with this basic fear
Fear of rejection
Self-esteem is thought to comprise the following components
Connectedness, uniqueness, power, and role models
This personality type is now considered part of the foundation for positive psychology
Spirituality can best be defined as follows
At this time, we do not have an adequate definition of this term
Synchronicity is a term that means
two unrelated but meaningful events that occur within the same time period
Carl Jung believed specifically that
people create their own reality at an unconscious level.
there is a spiritual element to human nature.
two unrelated events can have significant meaning.
divine wisdom resides at the level of the collective unconscious.
All of the above
5) All of the above
Once defining stress as an inability to cope, stress expert Joan Borysenko now defines stress as
a lack of connectedness
Spiritual potential is best described as
a collection of inner resources to be used in times of stress
This is the fourth pillar of human spirituality.
Current research on spirituality deals primarily with:
T/F Current schools of thought suggest that anger is innate while fear is a learned behavior
Research reveals that randomly vented anger is a healthy means of emotional catharsis T/F
According to some experts, the body's response to stress differs between anger and fear, only with regard to blood distribution. T/F
Of the four mismanaged anger styles, the self-punisher represses feelings of anger T/F
A helpless-hopeless personality is a function of an extreme internal locus of control T/F
Resiliency seems to be the key factor for the hardy personality T/F
The idea that personality traits associated with anxiety and depression affect the course of heart disease is now supported by data T/F
What we have learned about anger is that ultimately forgiveness is essential, because unresolved feelings of anger only control the person who harbors them. T/F
Fear of failure and fear of rejection are really the same thing T/F
There are many reasons for depression, but unresolved anger, and to a lesser extent fear, are noted as significant precursors for this emotional state. T/F
Native American spirituality suggests that God or a divine essence resides in all living and non-living matter T/F
Experts agree that finding and accomplishing one's meaning in life is the true essence of spiritual well-being T/F
By and large, spirituality and religion are basically the same thing T/F
"Spiritual hunger" encourages one to abandon the religion in which they were raised. T/F
Cognitive restructuring is a term best described as
a rethinking process about a stressor
Cognitive restructuring is rooted in the work of Albert Ellis, who coined the term Rational Emotional Behavioral Therapy (REBT) to suggest that
self-defeating thoughts should be balanced with positive thoughts
Reframing, in the form of positive affirmations
is an example of self-talk
This is the suggested order to reconstruct negative thoughts into positive ones
awareness, reappraise, adopt, evaluate
From his time in the concentration camps, Viktor Frankl learned this simple wisdom to help survive
Take responsibility for your own thoughts.
Of the following parts of one's personality, which is thought to be the most difficult to influence with regard to stress
This is the suggested order to make positive behavioral changes through the "behavioral modification model.
Denial, awareness, desire, cognitive restructuring, substitution, evaluate
Assertiveness can best be described as
expressing personal rights and feelings
This behavior is an example of assertiveness
Responding to situations rather than reacting to them
Which of the following statements are true?
Aggressive behavior is based on intimidation and manipulation.
Passive behavior frequently results in feelings of victimization.
People who express themselves assertively typically get their way.
A and B
B and C
All of the above
4) A and B
The stress of "poverty consciousness" is best described this way
The fear of not enough money
Tips for "financial freedom" include all but the following:
Don't lend money to your friends.
The foundation of sound time management skills includes these aspects
Prioritize, adequately schedule, and execute personal daily stressors to satisfaction
Having a hard time saying "No" would fall in this category of time robbers
This is not considered one of the "Three C's" of time management
This is not considered one of the "Three P's" of time management
In time management, the Pareto principle has to do with
This technique helps one administrate scheduled responsibilities
C and D
5) C and D
Studies that observed the interaction between children and their parents showed that on average, the ratio of negative comments to positive comments was 400 to 1. T/F
The unconscious mind is believed to control as much as 40-50% of one's behavior T/F
"Unconscious resistance" is known to counteract toxic thoughts. T/F
Thoughts, as a form of energy, are thought to have a negative impact on the body T/F
Time management is actually a prime example of social orchestration, where you manipulate factors in your environment for the path of least resistance. T/F
With regard to behavior modification, instrumental values are those that are core to the meaning of our life T/F
Before a behavior can be changed, a person has to admit that indeed the behavior is undesirable T/F
Cognitive restructuring is an important step in behavioral change T/F
There is no one preferred method of behavioral change; rather, effective change occurs when many methods are combined together T/F
Assertiveness is being strong-willed and mildly aggressive T/F
Virtually all effective stress management skills adopted into one's lifestyle would be considered behavior modification T/F
Despite the fact that most college students don't invest money into their retirement, financial advisors recommend that you tuck away some money for the future now T/F
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