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16 terms

Civics and Economics Honors Ch 1.02

STUDY
PLAY
Magna Carter/Great Charter
agreement that gave rights to people of England and limited the power of their monarch
Parliament
lawmaking body of the English
Common Law
a system of law based on precedents and customs
Precedent
a ruling in an earlier case which can be used in a present case
Mayflower Compact
an agreement written by pilgrims in 1620 that created rules and a direct democracy for the new colony
Direct Democracy
an agreement signed in the Mayflower Compact which stated that all adult males could vote and that majority would rule
House of Burgesses
a lawamaking body which marked the beginning of representative self-government in Virginia
Town Meetings
gatherings of local citizens to discuss and vote on important issues
Natural Rights
a political theory that individuals have basic rights given to them by nature or God that no individual or government can deny
Common good/Civic Virtue
the good of a community
Continental Congress
either of two legislative congresses during and after the Revolutionary War
1st Continental Congress
September 5 to October 26, 1774, to petition the British government for a redress of grievances
2nd Continental Congress
May 10, 1775, to 1789, which issued the Declaration of Independence and established the Articles of Confederation
English Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Limited Government
when a governments powers become limited
Republic
a colony in which the supreme power rests in the body of the citizens who are entitled to vote