5th Grade Math Testing
Vocabulary necessary to pass the Oregon 5th Grade Math Benchmark test.
A polygon with 4 sides.
A polygon with 3 sides.
An angle less than 90 degrees.
A number added to another number. Both numbers are addends.
Two lines coming out of one point.
Having a slanted direction.
The answer to a subtraction problem.
The flat surface of an object.
A polygon with 6 sides.
An angle with greater than 90 degrees.
An 8 sided polygon.
A 5 sided polygon.
Intersecting at right angles.
A closed figure made with three or more line segments.
The answer to a multiplication problem.
The answer to a division problem.
A positive integer that cannot be divided by another number other than itself and one without a remainder.
A half-line extending from a point.
An angle that is exactly 90 degrees.
A quadrilateral with 4 equal sides and 4 90 degree angles.
The answer to an addition problem.
A point that 2 figures intersect at.
Positive integers and 0
The number(s) in a set that occurs the most.
A list of the numbers in the set, usually in number order.
Order the set of numbers from highest to lowest and the number right in the middle is the median.
Measurement of a surface in square units.
Two figures that are the same size and shape.
An array of symbols that are separated into left and right sides and joined by an equal sign.
A triangle with 3 equal sides.
A triangle with at least 2 equal sides.
A triangle with 3 unequal sides.
Lines that do not intersect.
A quadrilateral with opposite parallel lines.
The length around the outside boundary.
A polygon with not all sides the same length.
A parallelogram that opposite congruent angles and sides. Ex: a square that appears to lean.
The amount of space a solid body takes up in cubic units . V = L x W x H
A quadrilateral with only two parellel sides.
The number on the top of a fraction.
The number Down on the bottom of a fraction that represents the total.
Numbers multiplied together in a math problem.
What is left over (1) in a division problem. Example: 13 divided by 2 = 6 r1
A number (54) that is divided by another. Example: 54 divided by 6 = 9
The number (6) that is divided into another. Example: 54 divided by 6 = 9
When a shape can be divided in equal halves that reflect each other. Ex: when you can fold a shape in half and they exactly mirror eachother.
A set of points on a plane that are equal distance from a center point.
The perimeter of a circle. Circumference = 2 pi(3.14) radius = pi(3.14) x diameter
The distance from a point on the circle through the center point to the opposite point on the other side.
The distance from a point on the circle to the center point.
a pyramid with a circular cross section.
Numbers that come immediately after a given number.
Six square faces that meet at right angles and has eight vertices and 12 edges.
A prism (3-D) shape with round edges and 2 flat parellel circular bases. Example: a soup can.
The symbol used to separate the whole number part from the fractional part of a number.
Having the same value as another.
greatest common factor (GCF)
The highest valued factor that numbers have in common.
Not being equal.
least common multiple
The lowest multiple that numbers have in common.
A fraction that has had all of the common factors canceled out.
A pair of elements x and y from a set, written (x,y), where x is the first and y is the second.
To calculate something approximately.
The value given to a digit by its location in a numeral.
A fraction that the numerator is less than the denominator.
A fraction that the numerator is equal or larger than the denominator.
Numeric symbols formed with the Roman letters I, V, X, L, C, D, and M.
To rotate an object.
Something that represents something else often defined in a key or legend.
A diagram using circles of sets, with the position and overlap of the circles indicating the relationships between the sets.
The measurement from side to side.
The distance from the base of something to the top.
The measure of how deep something is.
Sliding an object in a constant direction. Translation = Slide
A ratio that compares a number to 100. Ex: 43 out of 100 = 43%
Comparing two numbers using division. Ex: 43/100
A product of a whole # and another number. Ex. Count bys: 4, 8, 16
Information collected and organized to look at.
Borrowing or adding to the next 10 column.
A reflection of what it was.