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114 terms

English 102 final

terms for english 102
STUDY
PLAY
verse
refers to any single line of poerty
paraphase
the restatement in ones own words of what one understands a poem to say or suggest
Summary
a brief condensation of the main idea or plot of a work
subject
the main topic of a work, whatever the work is "about"
Theme
a generally recurring subject or idea noticeably evident in a literary work
lyric poem
a short poem expressing the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
dramatic monologue
a poem written as a speech made by a character at some decisive moment
didactic poem
a poem intended to teach a moral lesson or impart a body of knowledge
Tone
the mood or manner of expression in a literary work
satiric poetry
poetry that blends criticism with humor to convey a message, usually through the use of irony
persona
Latin for "mask". a fictitious character created by an author to be the speaker of a literary work
irony
IN language, a discrepancy between what is said and what is meant.
verbal irony
a mode of expression in which the speaker or writer says the opposite of what is really meant.
sarcasm
a style of bitter irony intended to hurt or mock its target
dramatic irony
a situation in which the larger implications of a characters words, action, or situation are unrealized by that character but seen by the author and the reader or audience
cosmic irony
the contrast between a character's position or aspiration and the treatment he or she receives at the hands of a seemingly hostile fate. "irony of fate"
Diction
word choice or vocabulary
concrete diction
words that specifically name or describe things or persons
abstract diction
words that express general ideas or concepts
poetic diction
strictly speaking,any language deemed suitable for verse
allusion
a brief, sometimes indirect, reference in a text to a person. place, or thing
Vulgate
the lowest level of diction contains foul or inappropriate language.
colloquial English
The casual or informal but correct language of ordinary native speakers. contains slang
general english
the ordinary speech of educated native speakers. common writing. more educated than colloquial english
formal english
the heightene, impersonal language of educated persons, usually only written
dialect
a particular variety of language spoken by an identifiable
denotation
the literal, dictionary meaning of a word
connotation
an association or additional meaning that a word, image, or phase may carry, apart from its literal denotation or dictionary definition.
image
a word or series of word that refers to any sensory experience
imagery
the collective set of images in a poem or other literary work
Haiku
a Japanese verse form that has three unrhymed line of five, seven, and five syllables
simile
a comparison of two things, indicated by some connective , usually like, as, or than. comparison of two things
metaphor
a statement that one thing is something else, which, in a literal sense, it is not
implied metaphor
a metaphor that uses neither connectives nor the verb to be
mixed metaphor
the combining of two more incompatible metaphors, resulting in nonsense
personification
the endowing of a thin, an animal, or an abstract term with human characteristics.
apostrophe
a direct address to someone or something
overstatement
also called hyoerbole. exaggeration used to emphasize a point
Understatement
an ironic figure of speech that deliberately describes something in a way that is less than the case
alliteration
The repetition of a consonant sound in a line of verse or prose.
assonance
The repetition of two or more vowel sounds in successive words
cacophony
a harsh, discordant sound often mirroring the meaning of the context in which it is used.
euphony
the harmonious effect when the sound of the words connect with the meaning in a way pleasing to the ear and mind
onomatopoeia
an attempt to represent a thing or action by a word that imitates the sound associated with it
rime
two or more words that contain an identical or similar vowel, usually accented
exact rime
full rime in which the sounds following the inital letters
consonance
also called slant rime.linked words share similar consonant sounds
internal rime
Rime that occurs within a line of poetry as opposed to end rime
masculine rime
either a rime of one-syllable words or final syllables
feminine rime
a rime of two or more syllables with stress on a syllable other than the last
stress
an emphasis, or accent placed on a syllable speech
slack syllable
unstressed syllable in a verse
rhythm
the recurring patter of stresses and pauses in a poem.
Meter
a fixed rhythm in a poem
prosody
they study of metrical structures in poetry
scansion
a practice used to describe rythmic pattern in a poem by separating
cesura or caesura
a light but definite pause within a line of verse. often appears in the middle of a line
run on line
a line of verse that does not end in punctuation, but carries on grammatically to the next line.
end stopped line
a line of verse that ends in a full pause, often indicated by a mark of punctuation.
foot
the basic unit of measurement in metrical poetry
iamb
a metrical foot in verse in which an unaccented syllable if followed by an accented one
iambic pentameter
the most common meter in English verse, five iambic feet per line.
anapest
two unstressed syllable is followed by a stressed syllable
trochee
one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed.
Dactyl
one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones
spondee
verse consisting of two stressed syllable
accentual meter
verse meter based on the number of stress per line nott the number of syllables
form
literary work expresses its content. poetry, form usually used to describe the design of a poem
fixed form
a traditional verse form requiring certain predetermine elements of structure.
closed form
a generic term that describe poetry written in a pattern or meter
open form
verse that has no set scheme . also called free verse
blank verse
contains five iambic feet per line and is not rimed
couplet
a two line stanza in poetry, usually rimed and with lines of equal length
closed couplet
two rimed lines of imabic pentameter that usaully contain an independent and complete though or statement. also called heroic couplet.
quatrain
a stanza consisting of four lines. it is the most common stanza
epic
a long narrative poem tracing the adventures of a popular her
epigram
a very short , comic poem, often turing at the end with some sharp with unexpected stinger.
ballad
a song that tells a story
folk ballads
anonymous narrative songs, usually in a ballad meter
ballad stanza
the most common pattern for a ballad, consisting of four lines rimed.
literary ballad
a ballad not meant for singing, written by sophisticated poets
sonnet
a fixed form of fourteen lines
Italian sonnet
also called petrarchan sonnet, it rimes the octave
english sonnet
also called Shakespearean sonnet organized into three quatrains
open form
poems that have neither a rime scheme nor a basic meter
free verse
french"vers libre". lines in poetry wit no consistent meter
prose poetry
poetic language printed in prose paragraphs, though with careful attention sound and imagery
symbol
A person, place, or thing in a narratice that suggest meaning beyond its literal sense
allegory
a description-often narrative- in which the literal events consistently point to a parallel sequence of ideas
symbolic act
an action whose significance goes beyond its literal meaning.
conventional symbol
symbols that because of their frequent use have acquired a standard significance
myth
a traditional narrative of anonymous authorship that arises out of a cultures oral tradition
archetype
a recurring symbol, character, landscape, or event found in myth and literature across different cultures and eras
exposition
The opening portion of a narrative or drama
foreshadowing
the technique of arranging event and information in such a way that later events are prepared for beforehand
double plot
also called subplot. a second story or plotline that is complete. inverting the main plot
conflict
the central struggle between two or more forces
crisis
a point when a crucial action, decision, or realization must be made
climax
the moment of greatest intensity
resolution
the final part of a narrative, concluding action
unites
unity of time, place or action the three formal qualities
soliloquy
in dram, a speech by a character alone onstage in which he or she utter there thought aloud
aside
a speech that a character addresses directly to the audience
stage business
nonverbal action that engages the attention of an audience
tragedy
a play that portrays a serious conflict between human beings and some superior, overwhelming force
comedy
a literar work aimed at amusing and audience
high comedy
a comic genre evoking thoughtful laughter in response to the play depiction of the folly, pretense, and hypocrisy of human behavior
satiric comedy
a genre using derisive humor to ridicule human weakness and folly or attack political injustices and incompetence.
romantic comedy
a form of comic drama in which the plot focuses on one or pairs of young lovers who overcome difficulties to achieve a happy ending
low comedy
a comic style arousing laughter through jokes, slapstick antics, sight gags, boisterous clowning, vulgar humor
burlesque
a broadly humorous parody of travesty of another play
farce
A broadly humorous play whose action is usually fast moving and improbable
slapstick comedy
a kind of farce