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Probation and Parole exam #2
Terms in this set (50)
"caseload" refers to the anticipated amount of time each case will demand.
"workload" refers to the total number of clients supervised.
the risks / needs Classification system used in probation and parole is for caseload management.
Generally, how long after release from a correctional facility is an offender expected to report in person for the initial interview with a probation/ parole officer
what is the primary reason that classification has become widespread in probation and parole
which of the following is classification system that uses the degree to which an offender is likely to recidivate and the amount of help required
Risk/ Needs Assesment
which term refers to the number of offenders assigned to the officer or agency on a given date or during a specific time period.
Generally, which types of offenders are considered more dangerous?
where does the authority to revoke parole generally lie
which type of violation in which probation or parole might be revoked
technical and new offense BOTH
which terms refers to a probation or parole violation of rules that does not involve a new crime
which of the following strategies typically involve graduated sanctions ranging from intensive supervision, to a half way house placement to a brief period of incarceration
violation of supervision management strategies
what type of hearing is usually part of the violation of "probation" process and only necessary when the probationer is to be held in custody pending the revocation hearing
probable cause hearing
what type of hearing will provide the probationer with an opportunity to testify and present witnesses.
what is another term used to refer to the probable cause hearing that is part of the probation violation process
what level of proof of guilt is must be present at a probation revocation hearing
preponderance of evidence
what type of hearing is similar to a preliminary hearing but more comprehensive and the purpose of which is to determine whether the violation of parole is serious enough to return the offender to prison
what term refers to the legal basis for imposing conditions of probation and parole supervision
diminished expectation of privacy
Parole revocation, as governed by the decision in which court case, required minimal due process for parolees who have a liberty of interest
Morrisey v. Brewer
in gagnon v. scarpelli, the U.S. Supreme Court held that a probationer is entitled to what
all of the above
_____________ is the process by which needs and strengths of offenders are matched with selected services and resources in corrections
Case load Management
_____________ is the classification system that uses the degree to which an offender is likely to recidivate and the amount of help required.
Risk/ Needs assessment
___________ entails probation and parole agencies operating satellite offices 24/7 that are physically located in communities with high concentrations of offenders under supervision
Place based supervision
probation and parole agencies have been using ___________ strategies to avoid incarcerating clients who are in violation of their conditions of supervision.
violations supervision management
in a criminal trial, the testimony of an accomplice usually requires _____________ supportive evidence -but no search requirement exists for revocation hearings
Cooveration of evidence
which term refers to punishment that are more severe than traditional probation but less severe than prison
based on the amount of agency literature and research efforts, what has become the most popular program in probation and parole.
which of the following is a classification of IPS
diversion and enhancement BOTH
which IPS classification is commonly referred to as " front door" program because its goal is to limit the number of offenders entering prison
what has research into intensive supervision shown about the effectiveness of intensive supervision.
research has produced mixed results with no clear indication that the process is successful
what term is used to describe the tendency not the part of the probation and parole officer to tolerate greater levels of misbehavior than is usual to prove the experiment is successful
leniency effect and halo effect
which of the following is used in conjunction with a variety of programs, such as home detention instead of jail for detention instead of jail for defendants awaiting trial
what types of system uses either telephone/ cell phone lines or radio-like transmitters/ receivers ?
what type of system usually relies on telephone and computerized voice identification?
which of the following systems are used primarily as a response to the problem of intoxicated driving that causes about 13,000 fatalities annually.
none of the above
based on agency literature and research efforts, intensive supervision is the most popular program in probation and parole
diversion programs generally select already- sentenced probations and parolees and subject them to closer supervision in the community rather than regular probation and parole
IPS is risk management that allows high-risk inmates to be paroled under traditional parole supervision
there is definitive set of department of justice standards for determining whether a probation and parole programs of supervision is "intensive"
intensive supervision is usually accomplished by severely reducing caseload size for each officer based on the assumption that this lead to increase contact between the officer and the client
the actual purpose for ___________ is to reduce incarceration
___________ are punishments that are more severe than traditional probation butt less severe than prison; also called intermediate sanctions
_______________ programs generally selected already -sentenced probationers and parolees and subject them closer supervision in the community rather than regular probation and parole
_______________ is used in conjunction with a variety of programs, such as home detention instead of jail for defendants awaiting trial
A _______________ usually relies on the telephone and computerized voice identification
Program contact system
________________ takes advantage of satellite - based technology
_______________ systems are used primarily as a response to the problem of intoxicated driving
____________ consist of cell phone-sized device worn on the ankle that detects the BAC as low as 0.02 and the modem that transmits the information to a monitoring agency
__________________ are places where offenders can work and pay rent while they participate in counseling and / or job training
Half way house
_________________ facilities the community reintegration of formerly incarcerated persons through the provision of multiplicity of residential, employment, treatment and family reunification
Residential re-entry Center
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