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37 terms

theater terms

STUDY
PLAY
Casting
Finding an actor or actress for each role
Auditions
When actors try out for various roles
Blocking
The arrangement and movements of performers relative to each other as well as to furniture and entrances and exits
Business
Activites of performers in regards to gestures, properties, etc.
Who created the system for acting?
Konstantin Stanislavski
What qualities does a great actor have to have?
*Flexible
*Resourceful
*Disciplined
Director
-Block or stage play
-Cast the actors
-Develop a concept
Producer
-Raise money to finance a production
-Oversee the budget
-Arrange for ushers, tickets, programs, and other front of the house details
Stage Manager
-Maintain quality control of all production elements after opening
-Cooedinate in performance light, sound, and scene changes as well as the entrances and exits of the performers
Dramaturg
-Discovering and reading new plays
-Research productions and criticism
-Work with playwrights to develop new scripts
Sound Designer
-Responsible for arranging and orchestrating all the audio aspects
-Consults with the director to determine sound requirements, sound effects, and amplifications
Lighting Designer
-Create an overall 'look' for the show in response to the text, while keeping in mind issues of visibility, safety and cost
-Responsible for using light in support of the director's vision while enhancing and completing the environment created by the set designe
Scene Designer
Responsible for developing the overall look of the stage environment after working with the director to establish an overall aesthetic concept from which to proceed
Proscenium
-"fourth wall theater"
-Able to utilize the greatest amount of scenery and stage machinary
-Most broadway theaters were built in this configuration
-Seats all face in one direction
-Particlarly effective for realistic settings
-Close audiences as well as Far audiences
ex) Movie theatre, cathedral, lecture hall
Thrust
-Originally built into the hillsides in greece
-Audiences sit on 3 sides
-Typical Elizabethan Playhouse
-Most widely used of all
ex)
Arena
-Most intimate theater space (audience closet to action)
-No elaborate scenery (audience couldnt see)
-Entrances and Exits along aisles that run through the audience
ex) Tennis stadium, Boxing ring
Created, or found, space
-Associated with street theater
-Use unusual structers as they are
-Space not ordinarily used for performances
What should the stage set convey to the audience?
It should:
-Set the tone and style
-Tell the audience where and when the play takes place
-Tell the audience what kind of characters, and what the play is about
Stage directions
Up Up Up
Right Center left

Right Center Left
Center Stage center

Down Down Down
Right Center left
Stage directions (broad)
Upstage

Stage Right Stage Left

DownStage
Flats
are flat pieces of theatrical scenery which are painted and positioned on stage so as to give the appearance of buildings or other background. They are also called backdrops or backcloths.
Scrims
Scrim is an ideal material for curtains because it is lightweight and translucent. Scrim can also appear opaque when lit from the front at a diagonal angle. However, when scrim is lit from behind, it becomes transparent. This characteristic makes it particularly useful in theater, because it can be lit from the front in order to block the audience's view of what is taking place on the stage when scenes are changed. When the scrim is lit from behind, the audience can once again see what is taking place behind it.
Role of Color is a Costum?
-Establish tone and style of production
-Indicate the historical period and locale of play
-Indicate; occupations, personalites
-Seperate major characters from minor
-Contrast groups
-Make sure everything is consistent
Accessories
-Hats, walking sticks,jewelry, purses, parasols, and royal staffs
What is the role of Costumes?
-Show a character
-Shows; position and statues, gender, occupation, flamboyance or modesty, occasion (work, lesiure, special event)
Role of lighting in a play?
-Provide visibility
-Help establish time and place
-Create mood
-Reinforce the style of the production
-Provide focus onstage
-Establish rhythm
Blackout
All the lights are shut off at once
Fade
Lights dim slowly
Cross-Fade
One set of lights come down while the other come up
Split cross-fade
Lights that are coming up and on a different count from the lights coming down
Gobo
-Partial screen used infront of a Spotlight to Project a Shape
-Dark plate or screen used to sheild a lens from light
Christopher Marlow
-Shakespears "friend" (born first, died early)
-Iambic Pentameter = "mighty line"
-Plays include:
-Doctor Fustus
-Tamburlaine
-Edward II
Shakespeare
-After Marlow
-3 Main Generes: 1) Tragedy 2)Comedy 3)History
-Great at everything
-Plays include:
-Othello
-mid summers night dream
-taming of the shrew
-romeo and juliet
The Globe
-Elizabethan theatre
-Most famous public theatre
-Home to shakespeares plays
Groundlings
Spectaters who stood in the pit of an Elizabethan theater, they paid only a penny
Yard
The area located around the stage (the pit)
Soliloguy
-Speaking ines thoughts aloud when by oneself
(talks to him or herself out loud)