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Sociology Chapter 10 Quiz
Terms in this set (20)
When sociologists study gender, they focus on male-female differences that are:
In American Samoa and other Pacific Island areas, people recognize ________ genders.
_________ are considered primary sex characteristics.
a biologically based classification; a socially constructed phenomenon
From a sociological point of view, sex is ______ and gender is ______.
with some mixture of male and female biological characteristics
Biological sex is not a clear cut category because the intersexed exist. The intersexed are people
________ are people whose primary sex characteristics do not match the sex they perceive and know themselves to be.
The United States (and Europe) had made women into artificial creations.
When the painter Paul Gauguun visited Tahiti in 1891, he emphasized that there is "something virile in the women and something feminine in the men." His observations suggest that
Sandra Bem wrote that a person's sex is connected to "virtually every aspect of human experience, including modes of dress, social roles, and even ways of expressing emotion and experiencing sexual desire." Bem was writing about:
A woman consciously or unconsciously decides that the man she dates must be bigger, taller, and stronger than she is. Her decision can be classified as:
males who have taken on the ways of women
In American Samoa, "fa-afafines" are:
that teachers interacted with toddlers in gender-polarized ways
When child development specialist Beverly Fagot studied children in play groups at age 12 months and then again at 24 months, she found:
an undetermined but significant proportion of male/female differences
Socialization theorists argue that the socialization process explains
the dynamics of socialization
Research suggests that early childhood teachers are more accepting of girls' cross gender behaviors and explorations than they are of such behaviors from boys. Apparently teachers believe that boys who behave like "sissies" are at greater risk of growing up to be homosexual and to be psychologically ill-adjusted than are girls who behave like "tomboys." this practice speaks to which of the following dynamics?
the commercialization of gender ideals
________ is the process of introducing products into the market by using advertising and sales campaigns that promise consumers they will achieve gender ideals if they buy them.
Which one of the following occupations is not among the 20 leading occupations of employed women?
In her study of neonatal intensive care units, Renee R. Anspatch found that nurses and doctors used different criteria to answer the question, "How can you tell if an infant is doing well or poorly? " Specifically, she found that in comparison with physicians, nurses tended to draw on ________ to answer that question.
In their discussion of male-female relationships, John and Mary came to the conclusion that men are prisoners of their hormones and simply not capable of forming meaningful relationships. Their argument is grounded in:
Secondary sex characteristics explain social and other inequalities.
Sexist ideologies are structured around several notions. Which one of the following is not one of those notions?
From a sociologist's point of view, a ________ ideology is a perspective that advocates inequality between men and women.
men can feel constrained by their gender roles
A college student is asked, "How would your life be if you were a member of the opposite sex?" He replies, " I would not have to appear to be in control of every situation." His response suggests that:
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