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Terms in this set (124)
A shot that requires the cue ball to drive the object ball, other than straight ahead.
The point on a cue at which it would remain level if held by a single support, usually 18'' from the butt of the cue.
Apex of triangle
The position in the grouping of object balls that is on the one foot; the front ball position of the pyramid or rack.
Cue ball in hand
Cue ball may be put into play anywhere on the playing surface.
a shot in which the object ball is driven to one or more cushions before it is pocketed; incidental contact as a ball moves along and adjacent to a cushion doesn't qualify as a cushion or bank. It is not an obvious shot and must be called in games requiring called shots.
Bed of table
The flat, cloth covered surface of the table within the cushions; the playing area exclusive of the cushions.
A method used to determine pairings or bracketing of players in tournaments that assures totally random placement or pairing of contestants.
Open break shot
The first shot of the game
a violation of special rules which apply only to the opening break shot of certain games. Unless specified in individual game rules, a breaking shot is not a foul.
The hand configuration that holds and guides the shaft-end of the cue during play.
Butt of cue
The larger end of cue, opposite the tip. On a two-piece cue, the butt extends up to the joint.
Requirement that a player designate, in advance of each shot, the ball to be made and the pocket to which it will be made. In calling the shot it is never necessary to indicate details as the number of cushions, banks, kisses, caroms, etc. The rules of "Bank Pool" are an exception.
The ball the player has designated to be pocketed on a shot
The pocket which the player has designated a ball to be shot.
To bounce off or glance off an object ball or cushion; a shot in which the cue ball bounces off one ball into another is termed carom.
Contact by the cue ball by object balls, the bottle or cushions in such a way that a legal score is made, according to specific game rules.
The exact center point of a tables playing surface
A dry, slightly abrasive substance that is applied to the tip of the cue to help assure a non-slip contact between the cue tip and the cue ball.
Shot in which the cue ball first strikes a ball other than the ball to be pocketed. The ball initially contacted in turn strikes one or more other balls in an effort to score.
Two or more balls positioned in such a way that a ball can be driven into a called pocket with a combination shot; often called a "dead combo" or an "on combo"
The precise point of contact between the cue ball and the object ball when the cue ball strikes the object ball.
When the corner of a pocket prevents shooting the cue ball in a straight path directly to an object ball, the cue ball is a corner- hooked; Same as angled.
A score; a successful shot.
The running score at any point during a player's inning in games where numerous points are scored successively.
Term used to express a bank shot that will rebound from a cushion and into a corner pocket.
Term used to describe a bank shot that will rebound from a cushion and into a side pocket.
Slang term for mechanical bridge.
Tapered device, usually wooden, used to strike the cue ball to execute carom or pocket billiard shots.
Cue ball in hand behind the head string
Cue ball may be put into play anywhere between the head string and the cushion on the head end of the table not in contact with an object ball.
A piece of specially processed leather or other fibrous or pliable material attached to the shaft end of the cue that contacts the cue ball when a shot is executed.
The cloth- covered rubber which boarders the inside of the rails on carom and pocket billiard tables; together the cushions form the outer perimeter of the basic playing surface.
A shot in which the cue ball contacts the object ball to one side or the other of full center, thus driving it in a direction other than that of the initial cue ball path.
A cue ball stroked in such a manner that virtually all of the speed/ and or spin of the cue ball is transferred to the object ball, the cue ball retaining very little or none after contact.
Dead ball shot
A shot in which a dead ball stroke is employed; often called a kill shot, because of the relative lack of cue ball motion after object ball contact.
Inlays or markings on the table rails that are used as reference or target points. The diamonds are essential for utilization of numerous mathematical systems employed carom and pocket games players.
A shot in which the cue ball is struck below center, and the resulting back spin causes the cue ball to return towards the player after full contact with the object ball.
Type of pockets with no automatic return of the balls to the foot end of the table; balls must be removed manually.
A tournament format in which a player is not eliminated until he has sustained two match loses.
A shot on which the cue ball is struck twice by he cue tip on the same stroke.
Double round robin
A tournament format in which each contestant plays each of the other contestants twice.
Side spin applied to the cue ball by striking it off center; used to alter the natural roll of the cue ball/ and or the object ball.
A shot in which the cue ball barely grazes the object ball; an extremely thin cut.
A piece of protective material at the end of the cue shaft, onto which the cue tip is attached.
A shot in which the cue ball is stuck above center and the resulting forward spin causes the cue ball to roll forward after contact with the object ball.
The movement of the cue after contact with the cue ball through area previously occupied by the cue ball.
Foot of table
The end of carom or pocket billiard table at which the balls are racked or positioned at the start of a game.
The point on the foot end of the table where imaginary lines drawn between the center diamonds of the second diamonds of the long rails intersect.
A line on the foot end of the table between the second diamonds of the long rails, passing through the foot spot. The foot string is never drawn on the table and has no use in play.
The power applied on the stroke to the cue ball, which may result in distortion and altering of natural angles and action of the ball.
A shot with extreme follow, usually directly at and then "through" an object ball.
A follow shot with extreme over spin applied to the cue ball, with the term generally used in reference to shots in which the cue ball is shot directly at and then "through" an object ball, with a pronounced hesitation or stop before the over spin propels the cue ball forward in the general direction of the stroke.
An infraction of the rules of play, as defined in either the general or the specific game rules. Fouls result in a penalty, also dependent on specific game rules.
A stroke on which a foul takes place.
An opening break shot in which a wide spread of the object balls may be achieved without penalty or risk. Free breaks are detailed in individual game rules.
A ball touching another ball or a cushion.
Contact of a cue ball with an object ball a contact point on a line bisecting the centers of the cue ball and object ball.
The course of play that starts when the referee has finished racking the balls, and ends at the conclusion of a legal shot which pockets the last required ball.
Head of table
Lag for break
The object ball
Open break shot
Power draw shot
usually refers to a ball which, due to English and stroke, travels a path with narrower angles than those for a ball struck without English.
Games which utilize fewer than 15 countable object balls.
A tournament in which a single loss eliminates a player from the competition.
Split double elimination
A modification of the double elimination tournament format, in which the field is divided into sections, with one player emerging from each of the sections to compete for the championship, in a single showdown match for the championship.
A shot in which it cannot be determined which object ball(s) the cue ball contacted first, due to the close proximity of the object balls.
The thin, Circular piece of cloth to indicate the spot locality. Also an expression to express a handicapped.
Player shoots a ball on the foot spot with the cue ball in hand behind the head string.
Replacing bottles to the tables in positions as dictated by specific game rules.
The position of the body during shooting.
A shot in which the cue ball stops immediately upon striking the object ball.
The movement of the cue as a shot is executed.
Fouls made on consecutive strokes by the same player, also called consecutive fouls.
Table in position
Term used to indicate that the object balls remain unmoved following a shot.
1. A shot in which English alters the path of the object ball. 2. A combination shot of frozen object balls in which to rubbing of the first ball across the second ball pulls the shot away from the line joining the centers of the two balls.
A shot in which a cue ball moves another ball into a different position and then continues on to meet one of the moved balls for a score.
The triangular device used to place balls in position for the start of most games.