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Chapter 38: Respiratory Diagnostic Testing
Terms in this set (10)
Pulmonary function tests
Can help diagnose emphysema or obstructive lung disease.
Complete blood count (CBC)
Provides information on oxygen and CO2 transport and status of the immune system; HgB level may be decreased patients with heart failure, may be increased in patients with COPD.
Basic metabolic panel
Measures renal function: glucose level, electrolyte status.
Arterial blood gases (ABG)
Used to determine acid-base imbalances; COPD can cause decreased levels of oxygen and increased levels of CO2.
Diagnose hyperlipidemia, a risk factor for heart disease.
Released when myocardial necrosis has occurred; determine presence of heart damage.
Examines lungs, heart, and bones of the chest; can reveal rib fractures, tumors, pneumothorax, pneumonia, pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, enlarged heart, atelectasis.
Electrical activity of the heart: rate and rhythm, blood supply, abnormalities, arrhythmias.
Ultrasound of the heart; reveals congenital heart defects, pericardial effusion, disorders of the heart valves, heart size, and effectiveness of cardiac output.
Visualizes heart chambers, coronary arteries, and vessels; observes cardiac valves, ejection fraction, chamber pressure, and cardiac output.
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