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22 terms

sociology 13: education

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education
a social institution that transmits attitudes, knowledge, beliefs, values, norms, and skills to its members through formal/systematic training
functionalist view
what are the benefits of education
manifest functions
1. socialization
2. knowledge and skills
3. transmission of culture
4. social control
5. research
6. social placement
7. personal growth
latent functions
1. child-care providers
2. match making
3. social networks
dysfunctions
failing to do things its intended to do, too focused on standardized tests, dont require language
conflict perspective
do schools perpetuate social inequality
Pierre Bourdie
cultural capital and social class reproduction argument
social class reproduction
big predictor of education based on where you come from/where you stand in society
cultural capital
children from higher economic classes already have more cultural capital knowledge. better equipped to be successful. positive attitude on education
tracking
dividing students into groups based on ability. creating pathway to success or not.
hidden curriculum
schools are promoting certain manners/values. have different expectations from students of different social classes.
symbolic interactionist
focus on the classroom dynamics
labeling/self fulfilling prophecy
if you label someone will they start acting like their label? unsubstantiated belief that comes true
teacher-expectancy effect
students will rise to the expectations. the higher the expectations the higher they will rise.
quantity/quality of education
problem with US education
unequal funding
7% is from federal level. the rest is from people in that area leading to differences in education
teacher effectiveness
many teachers are teaching outside their area of expertise
curriculum problems
there is a lack over control of curriculum
dropping out
10% of highschool students dont graduate
grade inflation
1973: 20% earned A
2003: 47% earned A
..basic level of reading went down
school violence
bullying, hazing, etc
promise (?) of education
as many as 38% of college graduates are under employed