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92 terms

reproductive system vocabulary

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amenorrhea
absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
areola
small circular area such as that around the human nipple
artifical insemination
process of placing semen into opening of cervix using either husband or donor sperm,
Bartholin's glands
Glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete mucus for vaginal lubrication.
benign prostatic hypertrophy
Enlargement of the prostate causing the inability to empty the bladder completely
breast
either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman
bulbourethral gland
Secretes a clear mucus before ejaculation that neutralizes acidic urine remaining in the urethra
cervix
the opening to the uterus
chlamydia
a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia
circumcision
surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
coitus
the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman
corona radiata
the egg is surrounded by these follicle cells called..
corpus luteum
endocrine tissue which produces hormones, estrogen, and progesterone which prepares the uterine lining for receiving an embryo
cryptorchidism
failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
ductus deferens
a duct that carries spermatozoa from the epididymis to the ejaculatory ducdysmenorrhea
dysmenorrehea
painful menstrual flow
ectopic pregnancy
A pregnancy outside of the womb, usually in a fallopian tube
ejaculatory duct
duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
endometriosis
the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus
endometrium
(pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus
epididymis
structure in the male reproductive system in which sperm fully mature and are stored
epididymitis
painful inflammation of the epididymis
episiotomy
surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
estrogen
a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
fallopian tube
one of two fluid-filled tubes in human females through which an egg passes after its release from an ovary
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
fibroid tumors
benign muscle tumors in the uterus
fimbriae
finger or fringe like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
foreskin
a fold of skin covering the tip of the penis
fundus
part farthest from opening of an organ
gamete
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
genital herpes
an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact
genital warts
human papillomanirus sexullay transmitted disease
glans penis
the conical mass of erectile tissue that forms the head of the penis
gonorrhea
inflammation of the genital tract mucous membranes, caused by infection with gonococci
graafian follicle
a follicle in the ovary which stores the immatur ova
hymen
Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
hysterectomy
surgical removal of the uterus
impotence
inability to sustain an erection
in vitro fertilization
the union of sperm and egg in an artificial setting, usually in a laboratory
infertility
incapable or reproduction
labia minora
two thin folds of skin within the folds of the labia majora
labia majora
the folda of skin that lie on either side of the vaginal opening
laparoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the abdominal cavity
laparoscopy
laparotomy performed with a laparoscope that makes a small incision to examine the abdominal cavity (especially the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
lumpectomy
excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes
mammogram
X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast
mastectomy
surgical removal of a breast
meiosos
cell division that produces sex cells
menarche
the first menstrual period
menopause
the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
menstrual cycle
a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy
menstruation
the shedding of the uterine lining
mons pubis
a mound of fatty tissue covering the pubic area in women
myometrium
muscular middle layer of the uterus
oogensis
process of origin,growth, and formation of ovum in ovary during preparation for fertilization
orchitis
inflammation of the testicles
ova
a female reproductive cell
ovary
(vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone
oviduct
fallopian tube
ovulation
The process by which a mature egg is released from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes.
Papanicolaou (Pap) smear
Is a diagnostic lab test for detecting the absence or presence of infection, viruses, trauma, or cancer.
pelvic inflammatory disease(PID)
inflammation of the female pelvic organs that can be caused by many different pathogens
penile shaft
erectile tissue that becomes rigid during intercourse
penis
male reproductive organ
perineum
area between the rectum and vagina
premenstrual syndrome(PMS)
a group of symptoms exhibited just prior to the menstrual cycle caused by water retention in body tissue
progesterone
A hormone produced by the ovaries which acts with estrogen to bring about the menstral cycle.
prostate gland
exocrine gland, in men, at the base of the urinary bladder that secretes the fluid part of semen into the urethra during ejaculation
prostatectomy
surgical removal of the prostate
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland
puberty
period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the reproductive system becomes fully functional
salpingitis
inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube
scrotum
the external pouch that contains the testes
seminal vesicle
one of two saclike structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
seminiferous tubule
one of the many tubules in the testis where sperm are produced they are also twisted
spermatogenesis
the production of sperm cells
spermatozoa
Male gametes also called sperm.
sterile
incapable of reproducing
syphilis
a sexually transmitted infectious disease
testes
The male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete male sex hormones.
testosterone
the most important of the male sex hormones
toxic shock syndrome
syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus
trichomoniasis
a common sexually transmitted infection that is caused by the mastigophoran Trichomonas vaginalis; symptons include discolored discharge, genital itching, and an urge to urinate
uterus
a hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of females
vagina
in the human female reproductive system, a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body
vas deferens
tubes that extend from each epididymis to the urethra
vestibule
any of various bodily cavities leading to another cavity (as of the ear or vagina)
vulva
external genitalia of the female
yeast infection
a vaginal infection caused by a fungal organism
zygote
organism produced by union of two gametes