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Life Development ch12
Terms in this set (29)
Although young adults are generally healthy, by their early 20s, ______________, a natural physical decline brought about by increasing age, has already begun.
The percentage of people who are now considered obese in the United States is ______________.
The challenges faced by people with disabilities include ______________.
a. lack of full access to public facilities
b. difficulties integrating into the broader society
c. prejudice and discrimination
d. all of these Correct
D. all of these
According to psychologists Arnold Lazarus and Susan Folkman, the primary appraisal stage of dealing with stress is focused on ______________.
a. assessing the implications of a potentially stress-inducing event Correct
b. seeking preliminary ways to avoid or deflect potential stressors
c. evaluating whether one's personal resources are up to the challenge
d. designing a coping strategy to deal with the threat
An attempt to manage a stressful situation by directly changing it to make it less stressful is called ______________ coping.
According to Gisela Labouvie-Vief, thinking that goes beyond logic to include real-life considerations, moral judgments, and values, called ______________, is an important feature of cognitive development in early adulthood.
William Perry holds that early adulthood is a period when reasoning moves from ______________.
dualistic thinking to a consideration of multiple perspectives
According to Warner Schaie, young adults shift from the acquisitive stage of cognitive development to the ______________ stage.
According to Robert Sternberg's triarchic theory, which aspect of intelligence allows people to meet the demands that they face in the everyday world?
The set of skills that underlies the accurate assessment, evaluation, expression, and regulation of feelings is known as ______________.
Which of the following statements about the demographics of higher education in the United States is true?
The portion of students age 25 or older is increasing
Which of the following is an example of gender stereotyping?
a. A male student signs up for a course known to have a high female enrollment.
b. A woman decides to major in physics despite fear that she may be underprepared.
c. A professor lowers the difficulty level of classes with high female enrollments.
d. A woman decides to major in education because she loves working with child
Offering to give a female student a less demanding research project is an example of ______________.
a. unfair favoritism Incorrect
b. professional kindness
c. stereotype threat
d. benevolent sexism
NOT A (i got answer wrong)
The college dropout rate has been increasing because ______________.
many kids cannot afford the cost
According to professional recommendations, the amount of exercise that people should perform each day is ______________.
30 minutes of moderate physical activity
Which of the following is one major physical change that people experience as they move from adolescence to young adulthood?
The ability to eat without gaining weight deminishes
People with physical disabilities ______________.
Are often undereducated in comparison to the rest of the general population
According to psychologists Arnold Lazarus and Susan Folkman, the secondary appraisal stage of dealing with stress is focused on ______________.
a. identifying the specific nature of the potential threat
b. evaluating the implications of the threat
c. assessing whether one can cope with the challenge Correct
d. marshaling resources and social supports to face the threat
Unconscious strategies to distort or deny the seriousness of a potentially stressful situation or to insulate oneself from feeling its effects are called ______________.
The ability to withstand, overcome, and actually thrive following profound adversity is called ______________.
NOT D. hardiness
As they develop postformal thought, young adults gain an interest in and appreciation for argument, counterargument, and debate. This is termed ______________ thinking.
William Perry holds that in early adulthood people develop the ability to view knowledge and values in ______________ rather than ______________ terms.
During Schaie's achieving stage, which characterizes early adulthood, people tend to use their intelligence to ______________.
a. gather up information and knowledge for future use
b. resolve issues relating to jobs, marriage, and social contributions
c. protect and nourish their spouses, families, and careers
d. become involved in the larger world and its social
According to Robert Sternberg's triarchic theory, which aspect of intelligence allows people to relate what they know to new situations and facts that they have never before encountered?
According to Robert Sternberg, people who demonstrate good "social radar," reading people and circumstances insightfully based on previous experiences, are high in ______________.
Why do more women than men attend college?
Women generally have better high school records than men
One symptom of first-year adjustment reaction among college freshmen is ______________.
Which of the following is an example of gender discrimination in college?
a. A female counselor advises a male student to avoid a major that she considers too challenging for him.
b. A woman enters a physics class determined to do better than most of the men in the class.
c. A man decides to pursue a career in nursing despite objections from his father.
d. A female counselor advises a woman student against a career in a field dominated by men.
Most students drop out of college because of ______________.
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