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Cecil & Pinkerton (1998)
Terms in this set (14)
What did Cecil & Pinkerton view as weaknesses of past research on the relation between self-efficacy and condom use?
1) self efficacy was only measured using one item; 2) only assessed one behavior 3) didnt examine the reliably and validity of their instruments
What does Cronbach's α indicate? What are convergent and divergent (discriminant) validity? How can they be demonstrated?
measure of internal consistency (reliability) based on covariation of scores and items
convergent (r), divergent (no r)
What are the three domains of protective sexual behavior that Cecil and Pinkerton attempted to capture with their 22 item self-efficacy measure? Provide examples of items that represent the three domains.
1) sexual behavior 2) potential partners 3) condom use
In addition to self-efficacy, which measures did respondents complete?
amount of partners, self esteem, mastery, social anxiety, social desirability, self protection, poltics
Cecil and Pinkerton reported that previously published scales that they administered were sufficiently reliable. Do you agree?
computer attitudes and social desirability were not the most reliable
why did cecil and pinkerton determine they would not remove any of the three items on the subscale?
It would not improve the study at all- since they were all reliable, chronbach's alpha would not improve if one was removed
what % of respondents had sex at least once
what % of respondents had more than one lifetime partner?
about 70%, some chose not to respond to this question
what % of respondents reported they used condoms?
what % of respondents reported that it was unlikely they would use condoms?
did a convergent validity effect emerge?
did convergent validity emerge when they correlated self efficacy with self esteem, mastery and social anxiety?
no. These are traits, vs situation specific. people change when their surroundings are different
Did evidence of discriminant validity emerge?
yes. no correlation was found between computers or politics and condom usage
were scores on self efficacy subscales and social desirability related?
no. the scale was pretty restrictive, so reliability was low. also participants were young and potentially less experienced
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