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9 terms

6 ELEMENTS TO THE CHAIN OF INFECTION

STUDY
PLAY
AN INFECTIOUS AGENT
pathogen
RESERVOIR
anything (a person or animal or plant or substance) in which an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies
PORTAL OF EXIT
a way for the causative agent to be released from the reservoir
MODE OF TRANSMISSION
way that the causative agent can be transmitted to another reservoir or host where it can live
PORTAL OF ENTRY
Refers to the method by which the pathogen enters the body
SUSCEPTIBLE HOST
one whose biologic defense mechanisms are weakened in some way
BEST WAYS FOR NURSES TO CONTROL INFECTIONS
1. CLEANING CONTAMINATED OBJECTS
2. WASHING HANDS
3. CHANGING SOILED DRESSINGS
4. WEARING GLOVES
MEDICAL ASEPSIS(CLEAN TECHNIQUE)
practices used to remove or destroy pathogens and to prevent their spread from one person or place to another person or place; clean technique
SURGICAL ASEPSIS
practices that render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms; synonym for sterile technique