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Terms in this set (176)
What does CAO stand for?
Civil Affairs Operations
What does CMO stand for?
Role of CA
engage and influence
Intent of CAO
organized, trained, and equipped to plan and execute CAO
3 core competencies of CA
1. CAA (Civil Affairs Activities)
2. MGO (Military Government Operations)
3. CASA (Civil Affairs Supported Activities)
CAA 5 Functions
1. Civil Engagement (CE)
2. Civil Reconnaissance (CR)
3. Civil Information Management (CIM)
4. Civil-Military Operations Center (CMOC)
5. Civil Affairs Operations Staff Support
MGO 2 Functions
1. Transitional Military Authority
2. Support to Civil Administration
Civil Affairs Supported Activities (CASA)
1. Foreign Assistance
2. Foreign Humanitarian Assistance (FHA)
3. Populace and Resources Control (PRC)
4. Civil-Military Engagement (CME)
CE (Civil Engagement)
building relationships between military force and the civil component
what is CIM (Civil Information Management) and the six step process
4. Analysis & Evaluation
CMOC (civil-military operations center)
coordination between U.S. military and unified action partners, IPI, and interagency
CAO Staff Support and examples?
integrates CAO into planning, execution, and assessment of all operations
examples: S9, G9, J9, and CAPT
Transitional Military Authority
control over civil administration when no government has been established
SCA (Support to Civil Administration)
Supporting an established government
FHA (foreign humanitarian assistance)
relieve results of natural or man-made disasters (short-range problems)
civil and military assistance rendered to foreign nations (long term programs)
populaces and resource control
CME (civil-military engagement)
identifies and addresses critical civil vulnerabilities in environments (governed or ungoverned) where others cannot go; only conducted by 95th brigade soldiers
What unit does CME deploy?
CMSE (civil support military element
11 CA Branch Characteristics
1. Civil Component Oriented
4.Civil Information Management Focused
5.Military Government Focused
6.Skilled Integrators and Coordinators
8.Skilled as Negotiators and Mediators
11.Critical and Adaptive Thinkers
13 CA Branch Principles
1. CA only execute missions that support the commander's objectives
2. Stability is the framework for CAO.
3. The civil component is a critical factor in all military operations.
4. CA are civil component oriented.
5. CAO support (are nested with) the joint construct of CMO.
6. CA must not be used as active collectors of threat information.
7.Military analyst conduct civil considerations analysis for CA formations.
8.CAO are an information-related capability.
9. A comprehensive, interrelated knowledgebase is an invaluable asset.
10. Regional and cultural competencies are essential to successful CAO.
11. CAO are population centric.
12. CA must analyze programs and projects for sustainability.
13. CAO mitigate civilian interference with military operations and the impact of military operations on the civil populace.
What are the 2 tactical mission task functions of CAA?
Civil Engagement and Civil Reconnaissance
Tactical Mission Tasks
describes the results or effects the commander wants to achieve (what and why)
What kind of communication should the first interaction with the civil component be?
first interaction should be face to face
Main purpose of Civil Engagement?
Civil Engagement Tactical Mission Task (6 steps)
1. Identify the purpose
2. Identify the persons to be engaged
3. mission planning
5. Conduct the civil engagement
6. close out the mission
CR (Civil Reconnaissance)
planning; collecting civil information
CA uses Civil Reconnaissance to gather information from the IPI (indigenous population and institutions) to focus on the ASCOPE factors that define the civil component. What does ASCOPE stand for?
Civil Reconnaissance Tactical Mission Task (6 steps)
1. Identify the purpose
2. Identify targeted areas, structures, capabilities, organizations, people, or events for the CR
3. Mission planning
5.Conduct the CR mission
6. Close out the mission
"dynamic social system" ; beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people
follows many norms of the mass culture
resists many of the norms of the mass culture
5 cultural training components
What does VBBN stand for?
Values, Beliefs, Behaviors, and Norms
A sense of confusion or uncertainty that accompanies exposure to an unfamiliar way of life or environment
Culture Shock stages
1st stage: Enthusiasm
2nd stage: Withdrawal
3rd stage: Reemergence
4th stage: Achievement
Positive Attributes of Culture
Character, presence, and intellect
Examples of Norms of Interaction (FRESH-T)
What levels of command establish a CMOC?
from the company to the CACOM level
Functions of CMOC
-continuous coordination among key participants
-civil inputs to the COP (common operational picture)
-operations and support element
Tasks of a CMOC
-receive civil information
-analyze, develop, manage civil information
-synchronize and coordinate resources
How many functional specialty areas does CA have?
How many functional specialties does CA have?
CLT (Civil Liaison Team) what is it?
-same role as a CAT
-works for CMOC
-fosters cooperation between civil organizations
4 Considerations of CMOC locations
1. inside perimeter
2. outside perimeter
CA methodology definition
the system of methods and principles used in a particular discipline
6 phases of CA methodology (AD3E + T)
3. Develop and Detect
What MOS is a military government specialist?
CA Methodology: Assess
-goes over ASCOPE
-examines non-military factors
- figures out who needs to be involved
CA Methodology: Decide
-who, what, where, when, why, and how
CA Methodology: Develop and Detect
-Develop relationships with the civilians of the operation
-Detect the outcomes of the decide phase and the required trigger response
CA Methodology: Deliver
- deliver planned CAO
- product is an executed mission
CA Methodology: Evaluate
-evaluate results of executed mission
-MOP's and MOE's (measures of performance and measures of effectiveness)
CA Methodology: Transition
-CA's direct contribution to a sustainable solution
interprets oral communication
translates written text
expert on languages
CAT I, CAT II, CAT III
Biggest difference between Interpreter Categories
higher secret clearances
2 methods of interpretation
simultaneous and consecutive
the interpreter listens and translates at the same time. Avoid this method
Interpreter waits until the speaker gives a natural break or ends a phrase, sentence, or paragraph, then translates
Considerations for conducting a rehearsal with interpreter
going over the agenda, message, and timeline
DOs of working with interpreters
Position interpreter by your side. Look at and talk directly to audience. Speak slowly and clearly and as if the audience knows English. Recognize interpreter's contribution.
DONTs of working with interpreters
Third person, side comments with interpreter, distracting activities, losing temper
DON'Ts of the interpreter
Selective interpretation, side-bars, speaking for you, distracting behavior, attitude, paraphrasing, asking or answering questions, intimidating subject
Indicators interpreter is compromising your OPSEC
-interpreter absent during attacks
-all operations known to the interpreter fail
-behavior changes for contacts/situations
Unified Action Partners: interagency coordination groups
-Department of Defense
-US Government agencies
Unified Action Partners: interorganizational cooperation groups
-Department of Defense
-US Government agencies
-Foreign military/government agencies
Unified Action Partners
those military forces, governmental and nongovernmental organizations, and elements of the private sector with whom Army forces plan, coordinate, synchronize, and integrate during the conduct of operations
Indigenous Populations and Institutions (IPI)
the societal framework of an operational environment (citizens, legal and illegal immigrants, etc.)
-provides resources and capabilities
-arrive after operation; not under military control
an organization that sets up one or a few facilities in one or a few foreign countries (ex: NATO, UN)
A private, self-governing, not-for-profit organization dedicated to alleviating human suffering (ICRC, IFRC, InterAction,
Mercy Corps, World Vision)
made up of, involving, or representing two or more government agencies (FEMA, USAID, DOJ, DOS,
military actions conducted by 2 or more nations , usually w/in the structure of a coalition/alliance
is an arrangement between two or more nations for common action. specific, limited
is the relationship that results from a formal agreement between two or more nations for broad, long-term objectives that further the common interests of the members
Military actions conducted by joint forces or by service forces employed under command relationships.
Multinational operations are usually structured in what two ways?
coalition or alliance
United Nations (UN)
international organization w 193 member states that maintains international peace and security
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
international organization to safeguard the rights and well being of refugees
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
international organization that mobilizes and coordinates principled humanitarian action
World Food Programme (WFP)
international organization that furnishes food in support of economic and social development projects in developing countries
World Health Organization (WHO)
internal organization; primary function is to assist with health needs of population
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
international organization; advocate for children's rights
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
international organization; alliance of 28 countries from North America and Europe; essential purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.
European Union (EU)
international organization alliance of 28 European countries
African Union (AU)
international organization; alliance of 55 countries; "An integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in global arena"
Organization of American States (OAS)
international organization; alliance of 35 countries; The region's principal multilateral forum for strengthening democracy, promoting human rights, and confronting shared problems such as poverty, terrorism, illegal drugs, and corruption
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
a nongovernmental organization that protects the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance.
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
nongovernmental organization that coordinates and directs international assistance following natural and man-made disasters in non-conflict situations.
Department of State (DOS)
interagency partner; lead U.S. foreign affairs agency; to create a more secure, democratic, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
interagency partner; Principal USG provider of global development and humanitarian assistance
-the diplomatic mission
-The country team
True or False: CIM is not a software, it is a hardware solution.
False; CIM is neither
True or False: CIM is conducted only in the CIM cell.
False; CIM is vital to all parts of CA operations
True or False: CIM prevents duplication of efforts.
What is the intent of CIM?
The intent of CIM is to keep information unclassified and easily shared
What is the first step of the CIM process and what does it do?
Collection; gathers information
Sources of CIM
Open sources of CIM
-common access internet
-CA world factbook
Restricted sources of CIM
-Open Source Information System (OSIS)
-Army Knowledge Online (AKO)
-CA info databases
-Face to Face (F2F)
4 Collection Methods
1. Civil Reconnaissance
2. Civil Engagement
3. Data mining (collecting information)
4. Collaboration (coordinating with partners)
at what level is Collection and Civil Reconnaissance/Civil Engagement conducted at?
the tactical level
at what level is collection and data mining conducted at?
at all levels of operation
CA's Specialist responsibilities
they should ensure that collected data contains:
What is the second step in the CIM process and what does it do?
Collation; data management
What is the third step in the CIM process and what does it do?
Processing; the physical and cognitive manipulation of separate pieces of civil data into civil information
civil information is civil ____ that has been categorized and cataloged
Tools for processing
databases and spreadsheets
Which step is considered the descent of CIM?
the third step; processing
What is the fourth step in the CIM process and what does it do?
Analysis and Evaluation; it is the break down of civil information to provide simple answers to complex situations
Analysis can only be done by ______
Analysis uses SO WHAT, a description of the CA assignment or civil engagement, what does it stand for?
H- How this mission supports the lines of operation (LOO)
What is an educated guess based on known facts and logical assumptions?
What provides CA forces with the opportunity to find shortcomings in the supporting arguments?
What is the method that is used to acquire, confirm, or make changes to knowledge?
The Scientific Method
What is the fifth step of the CIM process and what does it do?
Production; developed from civil data (examples: maps, reports, briefings, story boards, geographic information, etc.)
What is the primary output of the CIM process?
the CAO running estimate (most recently updated CAO/CMO information)
What is the sixth step in the CIM process and what does it do?
Dissemination; spreads the civil information
4 Methods of Dissemination
1. Direct Dissemination
3. Granting Access
4. Updating the COP
What does COP stand for?
Common Operational Picture
Updating the Common Operational Picture (COP) keeps who informed?
It keeps the commander and staff informed
Name four CIM tools currently used by the Army
1. Distributed Common Ground Station - Army (DCGS-A)
2. Civil Information Data Processing System (CIMDPS)
3. Combined Information Data Network Exchange (CIDNE)
4. Tactical Ground Reporting System (TIGR)
What annex may contain a CIM plan?
Annex K (CAO)
True or False: CIM is an intelligence activity because we use the same system as military intelligence
False; CIM is NOT an intelligence activity
CAO Staff Support definition
Provides a dedicated planning, integration, and assessment capability to Army and joint staffs.
7 MDMP (military decision making process) Steps
1. Receipt of Mission
2. Mission Analysis
3. COA Development
4. COA Analysis
5. COA Comparison
6. COA Approval
7. Orders Production
Who is responsible for CMO/interorganizational coordination in the CAO Staff Support?
Who is responsible for integrating civil components into planning in the CAO Staff Support?
What team includes 5 people that are regionally aligned in the CAO Staff Support?
T-CAPT (Theater Civil Affairs Team)
Which step in the MDMP process receives the mission?
First step; Receipt of Mission
What is the most important step in the MDMP process that helps gain a better understanding of the situation and problem (what, when, where, and why)?
Second step; Mission Analysis
Which step in the MDMP process presents potential solutions to an identified problem?
Third step; COA (Course of Action) Development
Which step in the MDMP process is war-gaming that identifies problems in the initial planning?
Fourth step; COA Analysis (uses the action, reaction, and counteraction method)
Which step in the MDMP identifies the strengths and weaknesses of COAs?
Fifth step; COA Comparison
Which step in the MDMP's purpose is to receive the commander's approval on which COA to execute?
Sixth step; COA Approval
What is issued after the commander approves a final Course of Action (COA) ?
After the commander's decision, the staff prepares an Operation Plan (OPLAN) or Operation Order (OPORD).
Which step in the MDMP presents the operation plan?
Seventh step; Orders Production
What Annexes pertain to CMO and CAO
Annex K- CAO
Annex G - CMO
What are the five paragraphs of the CAO annex?
5.Command and Signal
What are the six paragraphs of the CAO running estimate?
1.Situation and Considerations
3.Courses of Action
6.Recommendations and Conclusions
2 Forms of Transitional Military Authority Control
Operational form and Territorial form
Which transitional military authority form expands in authority as operations continue?
Which transitional military authority form does the JFC (Joint Force Commander) establish a separate organization under the direct command of an authorized subordinate?
The supreme authority the military exercises by force or agreement
The military commander or other designated person who, in an occupied territory, exercises supreme authority over the civil population
An enactment on the authority of a military governor promulgating laws
Military Government Ordinance
Who has authority to implement transitional military authority?
True or False: SCA occurs when military forces support DOS in the implementation of interim civil authority
True or False: SCA support should be temporary, ending as soon as the FN government can resume normal activity.
What are the two FHA categories?
1. Steady-State FHA
2. Foreign Disaster Relief (FDR)
are examples of?
are examples of?
True or False: FHA must not duplicate other types of assistance provided by the U.S. Government
Which organization is the lead for disaster relief in international community?
The UN (United Nation)
Who has the primary responsibility for the conduct of FHA operations?
The Host Nation (HN) government
True or False: The goal of both foreign humanitarian assistance and foreign assistance is to promote long-term regional stability.
False; FHA is short term, while Foreign Assistance is long-term
True or False: Foreign assistance is part of rebuilding after the completion of a disaster relief FHA mission
3 Foreign Assistance Types
1. Development Assistance Programs
2. Humanitarian and Civic Assistance Programs
3. Security Assistance Programs
Which Foreign Assistance programs are programs that are executed by the DOS, through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)?
Development Assistance Programs
Which Foreign Assistance programs are programs which generally encompass planned activities, such as medical, dental, and veterinary care?
Humanitarian and Civil Assistance Programs
Which Foreign Assistance programs are programs through which the U.S. provides defense-related services to foreign nations?
Security Assistance Programs
What group, apart of Foreign Assistance, focuses toward subversion, lawlessness, and insurgency or a combination?
Foreign Internal Defense
True or False: The focus of foreign assistance programs is to legitimize and enhance the stability of a HN's political, military, economic, social, informational, and infrastructure systems.
what kind of control includes curfews, movement restrictions, travel permits, registration cards, and resettlement of civilians?
what kind of control includes licensing, regulations or guidelines, checkpoints (for example, road blocks), ration controls, amnesty programs, and inspection of facilities?
What is the primary objective of PRC?
the primary objective is to assist in preserving or reestablishing a state of law and order within a nation or area.
In times of crisis, who may be authorized to exercise limited authority, when the local government is unable or unwilling?
3 Priority of Forces used to conduct PRC operations
1. HN Civilian Police
2. HN Military Forces
3. Paramilitary Forces
Who is first in line of defense in PRC?
HN Civilian Police
What are some examples of situations that may disrupt military operations?
Uncontrolled/uncoordinated movement of frightened civilians in the area of operations or civilians conducting illegal activities
What is the special category of populace control?
DC (Dislocated Civilians) operations
What is DC Operations?
actions required to move or keep civilians out of harm's way or to safeguard them in the aftermath of a disaster.
Examples of dislocated civilians
-internally displaced persons
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