Which of the following was not a result of new trade routes to Asia and developing economic ties to the Americas?
a) Even common people became subject to global economic fluctuations.
b) Greater wealth meant countries could support larger armies.
c) Some states became much more powerful.
d) The standard of living for people rose everywhere across the globe.
e) Some regimes became increasingly destabilized.
Mercantilist beliefs asserted that
a) political and economic interests of the state should be kept completely separate.
b) political interests invariably opposed economic interests.
c) economic interests should come first, then political interests.
d) economic interests should come last, after political interests.
e) economic and political interests were interdependent; both should be pursued equally.
Mercantilists viewed colonies as
a) existing solely for the benefit of enriching the European motherlands.
b) a waste of effort.
c) worth less than they cost.
d) filled with potential for disruption and discord.
e) great opportunities to expand national prestige and military honor.
Economics in the Americas relied heavily upon all of the following except
a) fur trading.
b) opium plantations.
c) sugar plantations.
d) tobacco plantations.
More than any other factor, what likely proved most deadly to slaves working on the sugar plantations?
a) exhaustion from the grueling work day
e) beatings and torture
The Dutch, French, and British respectively depended on which list to make their fortunes in the Americas?
a) ransom, extortion, and thievery.
b) furs, tobacco, and war.
c) opium, slaves, and gold.
d) trade, fur, and land.
e) alcohol, coffee, and peanuts.
Many countries shipped slaves to the Americas. Who did most of the actual capturing of slaves in Africa?
Which of the following is not a feature of the Atlantic slave trade?
a) Many more women than men were shipped to the Americas.
b) African merchants and warlords engaged in the trade became very wealthy.
c) Many more slaves died en route to the Americas than actually arrived there.
d) Africa's population "hollowed out" as the number of people in the interior was depleted.
e) The conditions facing slaves en route to the Americas were ghoulishly horrible.
The Dutch established themselves in the Dutch East Indies by
a) carefully arranging treaties with the local tribal leaders.
b) promising free trade to any interested traders in the region.
c) destroying all competitors in order to monopolize the spice trade.
d) destroying pirates in the region and protecting the security of all.
e) allying with local Chinese merchants.
Which of the following did not contribute to the collapse of the Ottomans and Mughals?
a) increasing trade opportunities with the Europeans
b) independent-acting local elites
c) military failures against enemies
d) poor leadership
e) mounting debts and other fiscal problems
The Qing dynasty was founded by
a) British traders who attacked and toppled the Ming emperor.
b) Japanese pirates who attacked and toppled the Ming emperor.
c) Manchu mercenaries invited to China to help suppress a rebellion.
d) Ming generals who killed the Ming emperor in a palace coup.
e) a peasant rebel who rose to chase the Ming emperor north into Mongolia.
The Japanese dealt with European pressure for trade by
a) opening to all who would come.
b) controlling it via great naval ships.
c) sending out pirates to disrupt the trade lanes.
d) sealing off the country except for the port at Nagasaki.
e) sending envoys to Europe to seek a trade treaty.
Which of the following developments in warfare did not appear by the end of the Thirty Years'War?
a) smaller standing armies
b) professional officer corps
c) standardized weaponry and heavy use of gunpowder
d) longer supply trains to support troops in the field
e) heavy debts to pay for militaries
Through the 1600s, European monarchs tended to
a) lose power to the masses.
b) give up power to rivals in the Islamic world.
c) gain power via centralizing measures.
d) eschew power, preferring instead spiritual enlightenment.
e) avoid power and its confining pressures.
During the eighteenth century, European wars became increasingly mercantilist. That means
a) merchants became soldiers and fought each other.
b) countries fought each other as they pursued colonies, control of trade routes, etc.
c) disagreements were worked out at the negotiating table, not the battlefield.
d) merchants refused to support governments engaged in war.
e) wars were no longer fought with any economic objectives in mind.