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Transformation of Europe
Terms in this set (26)
He believed a motionless earth was the center of the universe and the sun and planets revolved around earth.
A government in which one person has all of the power and the people do not have natural rights.
He believed the sun was the center of the universe and that the earth and planets revolved around it. His ideas challenged the power of the Roman Catholic Church.
The forced migration of 10-15 million West Africans to South America, the Caribbean, and Southeast North America to labor on sugar and rice plantations from the 1400s-1800s.
The economic idea that property is privately owned and supply and demand determine the price of products.
An Enlightenment philosopher who developed the idea of checks and balance, separation of powers to prevent tyranny in the 1700s.
This document, based on Enlightenment philosophy, divides power into three branches of government to prevent tyranny.
1797 US Constitution
The idea that an Absolute Monarch - Louis XIV, for example - rules because God gave him the authority over the people.
This Monk's anger with corruption in the Catholic Church led him to demand reforms, which
caused the Protestant Reformation in the 1500s.
What is the word for the idea that everyone has rights that cannot be taken away?
This Enlightenment philosopher of the 1700s developed the idea that everyone has inalienable natural rights, a key idea in the US Declaration of Independence.
This Enlightenment philosopher believed that government comes from the will or consent of the people and that a social contract exists between the people and the government as expressed by rule of law.
The Enlightenment idea that the people have the right to change their government if it violates their rights - an idea central to the Declaration of Independence.
The Enlightenment idea that power must be divided in a government in order to prevent tyranny.
Separation of Powers
A type of government in which people elect their leaders who represent them in government.
A name given to an even that occurred in Western Europe in the 1500s when the Catholic Church split because of Martin Luther's demand for reforms.
At this meeting beginning in 1545 the Catholic Church reaffirmed its teachings, said the Protestants were wrong, and created the Jesuits to help spread Catholicism. It was part of the Counter Reformation.
Council of Trent
This word means the movement of a very large number of people from one region to another, such as the Slave Trade.
This network of trade began to emerge in the early 1500s after Christopher Columbus connected the Americas with the Old World Web. It exists today only it is much tighter and faster because of advanced technology.
Global Trade Network
This economic philosopher of the 1700s wrote the book Wealth of Nations and in it argued that capitalism was the best way to improve a country.
This movement of the 1600s rejected Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle's view of the universe and the science of the middle ages in favor of the scientific method. It established the foundation for modern science.
This word refers to th non religious world or the world you can see.
This document labels King George III of England a tyrant and states that all people have natural rights and the people have the right to change their government if it violates their rights. This document was heavily influenced by the thinking of the Enlightenment.
This philosophical movement of the 1500s emphasized secularism, the appreciation of worldly pleasures, and above all, personal independence and individual expression. This movement is considered a transitional period between supernaturalism of the middle Ages and the scientific, critical attitude of Modern Europe.
This person criticized religious intolerance, religious persecution, and believed in reason and deism, even though he disliked democracy.
The philosophical movement of 1700s Europe valued a critical questioning of traditional institutions, customs, and morals, and a strong belief in rationality and science.
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