18 terms

A Midsummer's Night's Dream: Terms and Devices

These are the grade nine terms that relate to A Midsummer Night's Dream. Learn them for the unit test.
STUDY
PLAY
Allusion
Some of you found allusions to Shakespeare for bonus marks.

A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
Comedy
A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy.

A literary work which ends happily because the hero or heroine is able to overcome obstacles and get what he or she wants.
Conflict
A Midsummer Night's Dream concerns itself with serious conflicts inherent in relationships between friends and lovers, parents and children, governors and the governed.

A struggle between opposing forces
Contrast
Nearly every characteristic presented in the play has an opposite: Helena is tall, Hermia is short; Puck plays pranks, Bottom is the victim of pranks; Titania is beautiful, Bottom is grotesque. Further, the three main groups of characters are designed to contrast powerfully with one another: the fairies are graceful and magical, while the craftsmen are clumsy and earthy; the craftsmen are merry, while the lovers are overly serious.

All the ways they are different
Deus Ex Machina
Oberon and Puck - using the potions

"An unrealistic or unexpected intervention to rescue the protagonists or resolve the conflict. The term means ""The god out of the machine"" and refers to stage machinery."
Dialogue
A Midsummer Night's Dream is a play and made up of dialogue.

Conversation between characters
Drama
In a Midsummer Night's Dream the audience is aware of the Puck's trickery before the characters know.

(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
Foreshadowing
Comments made in Act I, scene i about the difficulties that lovers face

A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
Imagery
Dreams and Sleep: Hippolyta, "Four days will quickly steep themselves in night, Four nights will quickly dream away the time" (Act 1, Scene 1)

Language that appeals to one or more of the five senses: sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell. For example, this image—"the fish's slippery, shiny scales"—appeals to the senses of sight and touch. The words help us to picture the fish and to imagine how it would feel if we touched it.
Meter
Three most common in A Midsummer Night's Dream: iambic pentameter
rhymed verse, and
catalectic trochaic tetrameter.

A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
Metaphor
How now, my love! why is your cheek so pale?
How chance the roses there do fade so fast?
(Lysander to Hermia)

A comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects being compared.
Plot
We filled in our Plot Line.

Sequence of events in a story
Rhyme
ove looks not with the eyes, but with the mind; (A rhyme)
And therefore is wing'd Cupid painted blind: (A rhyme)

Repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem.
Rhythm
DUM-da, DUM-da, DUM-da, DUM-da.

Definition: A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables (meter) or by the repetition of words and phrases or even whole lines or sentence
Setting
You drew the forest setting.

The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs.
Simile
This old moon wanes! she lingers my desires,
Like to a step-dame or a dowager (Theseus to Hippolyta)

A comparison using like or as
Symbol
The love potion thus becomes a symbol of the unreasoning, fickle, erratic, and undeniably powerful nature of love, which can lead to inexplicable and bizarre behavior and cannot be resisted.

A thing that represents or stands for something else, esp. a material object representing something abstract.
Theme
Love's Difficulty, Magic, Dreams

Central idea of a work of literature