APUSH supreme court cases
Terms in this set (27)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established Judicial Review, the Supreme Court's right to determine the constitutionality of a law.
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
Established that states cannot alter contracts.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
The sanctity of contracts is reaffirmed.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Establishes the supremacy of Federal law over state law
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Congress has the right to regulate interstate commerce.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831)
The Court determined that it could not rule on the case, as the Cherokee tribe was a "denominated domestic dependent nation."
Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
The Federal government, not the states, can make laws with respect to Indian tribes.
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837)
Established a policy of relatively narrow interpretation of contracts. The decision favored also technological progress.
Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842)
Federal law is superior to state law.
Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842)
Established the legality of labor unions.
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1856)
Determined that descendants of slaves are not US citizens.
Bradwell v. Illinois (1873)
The right to practice law is not one of the privileges guaranteed in the 14th Amendment. This ruling effectively validated discrimination against women in hiring decisions.
Munn v. Illinois (1877)
States can regulate business when it is in the interest of the public
Wabash Case (1886)
Only the Federal government can regulate interstate commerce.
United States v. E.C. Knight Co. (1895)
The Sherman Antitrust Act doesn't apply to manufacturing companies, as they cannot restrict commerce.
Pollock v. The Farmers' Loan and Trust Co. (1895)
Income taxes are unconstitutional, as they are direct taxes that are not correctly divided among the states.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Segregation based on race is legal as long as accommodations are "Separate but Equal."
Williams v. Mississippi (1898)
Established the legality of poll taxes and literacy tests.
"Insular Cases" / Downes v. Bidwell (1901)
The Constitution does not necessarily apply in matters concerning US Territories.
Lochner v. New York (1905)
States cannot regulate labor conditions, as such regulation violates a citizen's right to make contracts.
Muller v. Oregon (1908)
Laws limiting the number of hours women can work are valid, as women require different considerations that men.
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
Overturned child labor laws and established that only states have the right to regulate the production of goods.
Schenck v. United States (1919)
Speech is not protected by the Constitution when it poses a "Clear and Present Danger" to the welfare of the nation.
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (1936)
Established that the National Industrial Recovery Act created during the New Deal was unconstitutional.
Brown v. Board of Education I (1952)
Invalidated segregation laws, as separate facilities were inherently unequal.
Brown v. Board of Education II (1954)
Ordered desegregation of public facilities with "all deliberate speed."
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Suspects must be informed of their rights before interrogation can begin.