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AP Lit - Barron's Book Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Terms
Terms in this set (54)
an abbreviated synopsis of a longer work of scholarship or research
A saying or proverb containing a truth based on experience and often couched in metaphorical language.
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
A vagueness of meaning; a conscious lack of clarity meant to evoke multiple meanings or interpretations.
A person, scene, event, or other element in literature that fails to correspond with the time or era in which the work is set.
a rhetorical opposition or contrast of ideas by means of a grammatical arrangement of words, clauses, or sentences as in the following:
"They promised freedon but provided slavery."
"Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country."
a short, pithy statement of a generally accepted truth or sentiment
In contrast to Dionysian, it refers to the most noble, godlike qualities of human nature and behavior
A rhetorical device in which a speaker addresses a person or personified thing not present.
An abstract or ideal conception of a type; a perfectly typical example; an original model or form.
Repetition of vowel sounds
"Meet Pete Green; hes as mad as a hatter"
A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas
A poet; in olden times, a performer who told heroic stories to musical accompaniment.
the use of insincere or overdone sentimentality
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter; lines don't rhyme
inflated, pretentious language used for trivial subjects
A work of literature meant to ridicule a subject; a grotesque imitation.
A harsh, discordant mixture of sounds
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.
the works considered most important in a national literature or period; works widely read and studied
A grotesque likeness of striking qualities in persons and things
a cleansing of the spirit brought about by the pity and terror of a dramatic tragedy
Deriving from the orderly qualities of ancient Greek and Roman culture; implies formality, objectivity, simplicity, and restraint.
A witty or ingenious thought; a diverting or highly fanciful idea, often stated in figurative language.
The suggested or implied meaning of a word or phrase
Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity.
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
The dictionary definition of a word
an outcome; result
deus ex machina
In literature, the use of an artificial device or gimmick to solve a problem.
As distinguished from Apollonian, the word refers to sensual, pleasure-seeking impulses
a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.
A sentence containing a deliberate omission of words. In the sentence "May was hot and June the same," the verb "was" is omitted from the second clause
a term that describes a line of poetry that ends with a natural pause often indicated by a mark of punctuation
In poetry, the use of successive lines with no punctuation or pause between them
A concise but ingenious, witty, and thoughtful statement.
an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.
a term for the title character of a work of literature
The interpretation or analysis of a text.
A piece of writing that reveals weaknesses, faults, frailties, or other shortcomings
A series of comparisons between two unlike objects.
A short tale, often with nonhuman characters, from which a useful lesson or moral may be drawn.
A comedy that contains an extravagant and nonsensical disregard of seriousness, although it may have a serious, scornful purpose.
A unit of stressed and unstressed syllables used to determine the meter of a poetic line.
a forceful sermon, lecture, or tirade
Two rhymed lines written in iambic pentameter and used widely in eighteenth-century verse.
excessive pride or arrogance that results in the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy
a lyric poem or passage that describes a kind of ideal life or place
in medias res
in or into the middle of a plot; into the middle of things
A rendering of a quotation in which actual words are not stated but only approximated or paraphrased.
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in "ring-giver" for king and "whale-road" for ocean.
a mocking, satirical assault on a person or situation
A form of understatement that involves making an affirmative point by denying its opposite
Personal, reflective poetry that reveals the speaker's thoughts and feelings about the subject
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