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84 terms

Cinema

STUDY
PLAY
Cinema Characteristics
most familiar and most accessible art form; like theater, but without the spontaneity of "live" performers
James Cameron
Titanic 1997, a Marxist-Socialist critique of America
Cinema Definition
aesthetic communication through the design of time and three-dimensional space compressed into a two dimensional image
Frames
series of still pictures
Persistence of Vision
motion picture does not really move due to an optical phenomenon
Ptolemy
astronomer who discovered persistence of vision
Classification of film (3)
narrative, documentary, and absolute
avant-garde
absolute
Narrative is also called______
fictional
Narrative
tells a story
genre
familiar literary style
genres (3)
detective, western, horror story
Example of Narrative film
ET-- symbolizes the innocence and beauty of childhood
Documentary
attempts to record actuality using primarily either a sociological or journalistic approach; does not use professional actors normally;gives illusion of reality
Example of documentary
Olympics
Leni Riefenstahl
"Triumph of Will" -- Nazi Germany under control of Hitler (charismatic)
Absolute Film
record of movement or form; tells no story, but exists solely as movement or form; an artistic experience
Mise-en-scene (film)
"how the visual materials are staged, framed, and photographed" (Louis Giannetti "Understanding Movies"
Director
converts the mise-en-scene from three dimensional to two dimensional space
Auteur Theory
whoever controls the mise-en-scene is the true "author" of the film
Cahiers du cinema
french journal that described directorial dominance in film art- auter theory
Plasticity
the quality of film that enables it to be cut, spliced, and ordered according to the needs of the film and the desires of the filmmaker
Cutting
joining together shots in the editing process
Jump Cut
cut that breaks the continuity ofhttp://quizlet.com/create_set/#add-row time by moving forward from one part of the action to another that is obviously separated from the first by an interval of time, location, or camera position
Form Cut
cuts from one image to another-a different object that has similar shape or contour
Example of Form Cut
D.W. Griffith's silent film "Intolerance"--battering ram
Montage
most aesthetic use of the cut in film; handled in two ways, first; as an indication of compression or elongation of time, and second; as a rapid succession of images to illustrate an association of ideas
Example of Montage
Sergi Eisenstein--Russian army officer and the peacock
Angle Shots
open up the range of possible comments on the subject being filmed
Shot
what the camera records over a particular period of time and forms the basic unit of filmmaking
Master Shot
comprises a single shot of an entire piece of action, taken to facilitate the assembly of the composed shots in which the scene will finally be composed
Establishing Shot
long shot introduced at the beginning of a scene to establish the interrelationship of details, a time, or a place
Long Shot
far away from the subject
Medium shot
closer to the subject than a long shot
Close Up
closer than a medium shot
Two Shot
two people within the frame
Bridging Shot
inserted in the editing of a scene to cover a break of continuity
Tightly Framed Shot
the closer the shot, the more confined a figure seems
Loosely Framed Shot
suggest freedom
Jane Anderson
used tightly framing in "The Prize Winner of Defiance Ohio" to suggest nurturing intimacy in her film based on an Ohio housewife
Closed Form Films
the shot is carefully composed and self-contained
Open Form Film
frame is de-emphasized, suggesting the temporary masking
Gillian Armstrong
"Mrs. Soffel" uses open form for realism
Objective Viewpoint
third person viewpoint; universal spectator
Subjective Viewpoint
the audience feels like they are actually participating in the scene
Cutting Within the Frame
avoids editing process
John Ford
"Stage coach" uses cutting within the frame
pans
follows
Jaws
uses cutting within the frame
Russell Crowe and Ridley Scott
"Gladiator" uses cutting within the frame
Dissolves
transitional devices where the scene fades in and out
Lap Dissolve
Fade in and out occur simultaneously
Wipe
invisible line moves across the screen
Iris-out and Iris-In
closing or opening an aperture lens
George Lucas
"Star Wars"--uses iris-out technique
Depth of Focus
if both rear and distant objects appear clearly at the same time
Rack or Differential Focus
when either the foreground or background appears blurry and one appears clear
Track
a shot taken as the camera moves in the same direction and speed as the object being photographed
pan
taken by rotating the camera horizontally, keeping it fixed vertically--uses in TV
Tilt
moves the camera vertically or diagonally and adds variety to a sequence
Dolly Shot
moving the camera towards or away from the subject
Zoom shot
negates the need for camera movement
Cinema Verite
when natural or outdoor lighting is used and the camera is hand held, the film appears unsteady
Saving Private Ryan and We Were Soldiers
uses Cinema Verite
Alfred Hitchcock
Psycho--sense stimuli
Giovanni Bologna
Rape of the Sabine Woman---psycho remade this
Male Gaze
from a males perspective
Louis Genannetti and Mira Nair
Vanity Fair--uses male gaze
Cross cutting
alternates between two separate actions related by theme, mood, or plot
Parallel Development
The God Father--religious service, men destroying enemies
Direct Address
when characters look at or talk to the audience ex. tom jones
Camera Look
Buster Keaton-stare at audience, Charlie Chaplin-wink, Stan Laurel-gesture "how did all this happen" Bing crosby and bob Hope-comment to the audience
Magnitude and Convention
the means by which the film is communicated
Visual Metaphor
The Mission (Robert Dinero) guilt is felt by weaponry cut from him and tumbles down the mountain relieving him of his grief
Fellini
La Dolce Vita--symbolic villain in black
Scaarface
symbolic x when someone is about to be killed
John Ford
Apache--dust
Edwin S. Porter
The Kleptomaniac---parrallel development--wealthy woman, poor woman sent to jail
Fred zinnemann
High Noon--waiting for train
The grapes of wrath
"red river valley" audio theme when mother leaves
Frank Spotnitz
"the score is like a second screenplay, commenting on and enriching the first."
Nora Ephron
Sleepless in Seattle--classical tunes by contemporary singers
Voice over Narration
spoken commentary to display a characters thoughts
Non-synchronous
sound not derived from an obvious source