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85 terms

Chapters 13-16 Medical Terminology

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tinnitus
If the patient is experiencing constant ringing in the ears, he has
decongestant drugs
Which drugs constrict blood vessels and decrease swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses due to colds and allergies?
pinna
Kate was unhappy about her protruding ear so she elected to have an otoplasty performed on her:
hearing
The suffix "-acusis" means:
thrush
Which is an oral infection caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida albicans?
acoustic neuroma
A benign tumor of the auditory nerve is a/an:
otitis media.
Glue ear, a thick accumulation of secretions, is associated with:
helix
The inner ear consists off all of these structures except:
otoplasty
A surgical procedure that uses plastic surgery to correct deformities of the external ear is called:
conchae
Air is warmed and moisturized in the nasal cavity by which structure?
uvula
Which is the fleshy tissue in the back of the oral cavity that hangs from the soft palate?
herpes simplex virus type 1.
The cause of cold sores is:
T&A.
Removal of areas of lymphoid tissue from the pharynx is
Anosmia
occurs when a person loses the sense of smell
presbycusis
Hearing loss associated with old age is known as:
deafness
Anacusis is:
lip
The combining form cheil/o- means:
mandible
A radical neck dissection for cancer would include partial removal of the:
cervical lymphadenopathy
Which of the following is not a benign tumor of some portion of the ENT system?
ectropion
The lower eyelid turns outward with
fundus
Which is the medical word that includes the retina?
occipital lobe
Which portion of the brain creates three-dimensional images from sensory impulses from the optic nerve?
anisocoria
When the pupils are unequal in size, it is known as ____________.
darkness
The combining form scot/o- in the medical word scotoma means:
It bends or refracts light rays entering the eyes
All of the following are true about the sclera "except" which sentence?
tonometry or air puff test
Which test is used to diagnose glaucoma?
do not have melanocytes in their irises.
Babies who inherit blue/blue or blue/green genes for eye color
hordeolum
A red, painful swelling or pimple containing pus located near the edge of the eyelid and also known as a stye is called a
pertaining to the round opening at the center of the iris
The combining form, pupil/o- means
exotropia
What is the medical word for the lateral deviation of the eye known as wall-eyed?
scleral icterus.
Yellow coloration of the conjunctivae which makes the sclerae also appear yellow is called:
pinkeye
Acute contagious bacterial conjunctivitis with mucus discharge is commonly known as:
retina
When premature babies are given high levels of oxygen, it can cause problems with the ____________.
limbus
The border between the transparent edge of the cornea and the white of the fibrous sclera is the:
blood
With a hyphema, there is ____________ in the anterior chamber.
blepharoptosis
A drooping of the upper eyelid is known as ____________.
elevated structure.
The combining form "papill/o-" means:
anisocoria
When the pupils are unequal in size, it is known as ____________.
dilate the pupils
Mydriatic eye drops are given to a patient before an eye examination in order to:
myopia
The medical word for nearsightedness is:
hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Diabetes insipidus is caused by
act to stimulate other glands
The hormones released from some glands
oppose or work against
The combining form "antagon/o-" means:
disease from a specific cause
The suffix -ism means:
pituitary
A transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is a surgical procedure to remove an adenoma from the:
urine dipstick
Which is a urine test that measures glucose, ketones, and other substances in the urine?
male
The combining form "andr/o-" means:
thyroid gland
TSH stimulates the ____________.
glycogen
The form that sugar takes when it is stored in the liver and the skeletal muscles is called:
pituitary
Which endocrine gland is known as the master gland of the body?
hypersecretion of cortisol in the adrenal cortex
Cushing's syndrome is due to:
posterior pituitary gland
Which gland is also called the neurohypophysis?
subcutaneously
Diabetic patients who need insulin inject it
pancreas
This is both an endocrine gland and part of the digestive system
type 1
Which type of diabetes begins in childhood or adolescence?
posterior pituitary gland
The pituitary gland has two main parts, the adenohypophysis and the:
thyroid gland
A lobectomy is a surgical procedure performed on the:
salpingitis
Inflammation or infection of the uterine tube is known as ____________.
placenta previa
A cesarean section would be performed for:
menarche
The first period of menstruation at the onset of puberty is known as:
VBAC
A mother who has had one cesarean section may be able to have this when she has her second baby.
birth
The combining forms "nat/o-" and "par/o-" mean:
amniotomy
A medical procedure in which a hook is inserted into the cervix to catch and rupture the amniotic sac is called a/an:
reproductive system and the integumentary system
The breasts are part of the female
colposcopy
Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying, lighted scope?
Pitocin
Which is a drug that is used to induce labor?
pica
An unnatural craving for and compulsive eating of nonfood items during pregnancy is known as ____________.
tubal ligation
The name of the medical procedure known to laypersons as "getting your tubes tied" is the surgical procedure of ____________.
increased blood pressure, fluid retention, protein in the urine
When a pregnant woman develops preeclampsia, she shows:
second stage
Crowning occurs in which stage of labor?
reproductive system and the endocrine system
The ovaries function as part of the female
placenta
In a fertilized ovum, the outer layer of cells or chorion develops into the:
augmentation
A/An ____________ mammoplasty is a plastic surgery procedure that uses prostheses to increase the size of small breasts.
micropipette
All of the following instruments are used during a D&C, EXCEPT:
nulligravida
A woman who has never been pregnant is:
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
Which procedure removes the uterine tubes and ovaries?
cystocele
A patient with urinary incontinence receives a thorough examination by her physician. Of the following diagnoses, which one is the most likely cause?
climacteric
Menopause is also known as
abruptio placenta
Complete or partial separation of the placenta from the uterine wall during labor or delivery is an
rreha
flow, discharge
megaly
large
plasty
process of reshaping by surgy
scopy
process of using an instrument to examine
scope
instrument used to examine
cochlear implant
Surgical proceduer to insert a small, battery-powered implant beneath the skin behind the ear