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An ancient writing form that expresses thought in verse.


The feeling or emotion created by a poem or story.


Obvious exaggeration used to emphasize a point or add excitement and humor to a story. (ex. I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse.)


An expression that means something different from what it says. (ex. "Shake a leg!" or "You let the cat out of the bag!")


Words or phrases that appeal to the senses and create mental images, like the use of the five senses.


Repetition of similar vowel sounds (how, now, cow.)


A division of poetry or a part of a song or poem.

Free Verse

Poetry with no rhyme or pattern.


A comparison between two or more objects without the use of "like" or "as".


A comparison between two or more objects using the words "like" or "as".


Giving human qualities or actions to something that is non-human, like animals, inanimate objects, or ideas.


Something concrete that stands for something abstract. (ex. A nation's flag is a symbol of national pride.)


The way the poem is written - free-style, ballad, haiku, etc. - includes length of meters, number of stanzas along with rhyme techniques and rhythm.


The message, point of view and idea of the poem.

Voice Inflection

modulation in pitch or tone of the voice for emphasis or emotion.


The repetition of beginning consonant sounds in a group of words. (ex. Cows are craving cuisine crunch crops.)


A word whose sound suggests its meaning. (ex. plop, buzz, snap.)


The repetition of end sounds in words. (ex. Cobbler, cobbler, mend my shoe. Get it done by half past two.)


The pattern of beats or stresses in language. It helps create a mood of fast or slow, like "calm" or "frenzied".)

Poetic Element

A literary element that is found within a poem such as: alliteration, metaphor, onomatopoeia, repetitions, rhyme, rhythm, simile, etc.


The repeating of words or phrases.

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