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child extracts grammar rules from environment, such as word order and movement rules
12 most frequent consonants in the world's language make up 95% of consonants used in babbling
uttereances that contain one word are holophrasic of "whole phrase" because 1 word conveys a more complex message
applying grammar rules in areas they don't apply ("I writed a story"; goed; comed)
shows that children have acquired the regular rules but hasn't yet learned the there ar exceptions
child mixes regular and irregular rules, then figures out irregular rules an applies them
foot foots > foot feet
brought broughted > brought went
two word stage
nomination, notice, recurrence, nonexistence, attribute, possessive, locative, agent , action
- when learning language, children over-apply rules. - they begin to over apply the rules in language so they begin to make mistakes ex. both my foots hurt.
shows that language acquisition isn't completely from imitation, seeing ass over-regulation is used even when children aren't exposed to bad english
a language common to speakers of diverse languages that can be used for communication and commerce
a contact language that blends elements of at least two languages and that emerges when people with different languages need to communicate
a language that begins as a pidgin and eventually becomes that native language of a speech community
the great vowel shift
A set of regular sound changes affecting the long (tense) vowels of English that took place around the 15th century. Changes account for many of the discrepencies between the pronunciation of English words and their spelling (established before GVS took place)
the creation of the original form of an ancestor language on the basis of comparable forms in languages that are descendants.
a sound shift that took place in all the Germanic languages, distinguishing them from the other non-Germanic Indo-European languages
the language has hope, but within the next century may not by learned by children anymore. is being learned now but probably won't later
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