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63 terms

Chapter 9 and 16 Test History

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Olmec
Gulf Coast of Southern Mexico
Olmec
1200B.C. - 400B.C.
Zapotec
Oaxaca (Mexico)
Zapotec
1000B.C. - 600A.D.
Maya
Northern Guatemala/ Southeast Mexico
Maya
250A.D. - 900A.D.
Toltec
Valley of Mexico
Toltec
900A.D. - 1200A.D.
Aztec
Valley of Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Aztec
1200A.D. - 1520A.D.
Inca
Andes Mountains
Inca
1200A.D. - 1520A.D.
Olmec
built stone monuments and pyramids, traded, and were the "mother culture"
Zapotec
America's first city-builders, calendar, hieroglyphic wiriting system
Zapotec
Monte-Alban was a major city and it contained an observatory
Maya
urban center, slash and burn farming technique, social classes, special calendars
Maya
glyphs, city-states, arithmetic based on a 0 to 20 scale
Toltec
pyramids, temples, pillars that looked like warriors, warlike, influenced Mayan culture
Toltec
human sacrifices, god was Quetzalcoatl whom was a feathered serpent
Aztec
largest city in the world at the time, floating gardens, 1,000 gods
Aztec
triple alliance with Texoco and Tlacopan, many human sacrifices
Inca
Pachacuti was the first leader and he expanded into all of Peru
Inca
Quechua was their language, they had a road system, viracochi and into were their primary gods
Maya
Which civilization created the first system of writing in the Americas?
Maya
Which civilization had independent city-states?
Tikal, Palenque, Uxmal
Where did the Maya live?
Maya
Which civilization arose in the rainforest?
city
Tikal was the name of an important Mayan
the Maya writing system
Glyphs were used for
several hundred years before the Spanish arrived in the Americas
The decline of the Maya occurred
They worked to establish loyalty among conquered people
All of the following is true about the Aztec civilization EXCEPT
They entered into the Triple Alliance
All of the following is true about the Toltec civilization EXCEPT
Its exact location is unknown
All of the following is true about Tenochtitlan EXCEPT
He was a war god
All of the following is true about the Quetzalcoatl EXCEPT
Ruler who expanded the kingdom into an empire
PAchacuti stands out in Incan history as the
The small-group structure used for community work projects
In Incan tradition, the ayulla was
Labor tribute
In the Incan empire, mita was a type of
Record data
The Inca used the quipu to
Struggle between rivals for the Inca throne
The decline of the Inca Empire can be traced to a
They practiced human sacrifice for religious offerings.
Which of the following is true of the Aztecs
They were governed by a theocracy
Which of the following is NOT true of the Aztecs
The Triple Alliance
In 1428, the Aztecs joined with two other city-states - Texoco and Tlacopan - to form
Used conquered people for human sacrifice
conquered provinces resented Aztec rule because the Aztecs
Ice Age land bridge connecting Asia and North America
Beringia
Hunting and gathering
How did the first people to arrive in America support themselves
The area that stretches from central Mexico to northern Honduras
What region is now known as Mesoamerica
In the west
Where were the first advanced civilizations in South America established?
Olmec
They worshiped the jaguar spirit.
Olmec
They are considered a "mother culture"
Olmec and Zapotec
They are an ancient people of Mesoamerica
Zapotec
They dominated Oaxaca for more than a thousand years
Olmec
They are well-known for sculpting monumental stone heads
Zapotec
They built Monte Alban, the first real urban center in the Americas
Olmec
The remains of their communities have been discovered at San Lorenzo and La Venta
Olmec
They flourished from 1200 to 400 B.C. along the Gulf Coast of Mexico, in the modern-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco
The Andes
The rugged mountain range that stretches down the western edge of South America is
Peru
South America's first civilization emerged in
Hunter-gatherers
The first inhabitants to establish villages along the Pacific coast in South America were
The Chavin Culture
The first important civilization that arose in the South American mountains was
Textiles and pottery
The Nazca culture is known for its beautiful
Nazca culture
The unusual patterns of line drawings found on the plains of southeastern Peru belonged to
Moche culture
The culture that thrived on the northern coast of Peru was the
Their pottery
Much of the details known about the life of the Moche comes from