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Gulf Coast of Southern Mexico


1200B.C. - 400B.C.


Oaxaca (Mexico)


1000B.C. - 600A.D.


Northern Guatemala/ Southeast Mexico


250A.D. - 900A.D.


Valley of Mexico


900A.D. - 1200A.D.


Valley of Mexico (Mesoamerica)


1200A.D. - 1520A.D.


Andes Mountains


1200A.D. - 1520A.D.


built stone monuments and pyramids, traded, and were the "mother culture"


America's first city-builders, calendar, hieroglyphic wiriting system


Monte-Alban was a major city and it contained an observatory


urban center, slash and burn farming technique, social classes, special calendars


glyphs, city-states, arithmetic based on a 0 to 20 scale


pyramids, temples, pillars that looked like warriors, warlike, influenced Mayan culture


human sacrifices, god was Quetzalcoatl whom was a feathered serpent


largest city in the world at the time, floating gardens, 1,000 gods


triple alliance with Texoco and Tlacopan, many human sacrifices


Pachacuti was the first leader and he expanded into all of Peru


Quechua was their language, they had a road system, viracochi and into were their primary gods


Which civilization created the first system of writing in the Americas?


Which civilization had independent city-states?

Tikal, Palenque, Uxmal

Where did the Maya live?


Which civilization arose in the rainforest?


Tikal was the name of an important Mayan

the Maya writing system

Glyphs were used for

several hundred years before the Spanish arrived in the Americas

The decline of the Maya occurred

They worked to establish loyalty among conquered people

All of the following is true about the Aztec civilization EXCEPT

They entered into the Triple Alliance

All of the following is true about the Toltec civilization EXCEPT

Its exact location is unknown

All of the following is true about Tenochtitlan EXCEPT

He was a war god

All of the following is true about the Quetzalcoatl EXCEPT

Ruler who expanded the kingdom into an empire

PAchacuti stands out in Incan history as the

The small-group structure used for community work projects

In Incan tradition, the ayulla was

Labor tribute

In the Incan empire, mita was a type of

Record data

The Inca used the quipu to

Struggle between rivals for the Inca throne

The decline of the Inca Empire can be traced to a

They practiced human sacrifice for religious offerings.

Which of the following is true of the Aztecs

They were governed by a theocracy

Which of the following is NOT true of the Aztecs

The Triple Alliance

In 1428, the Aztecs joined with two other city-states - Texoco and Tlacopan - to form

Used conquered people for human sacrifice

conquered provinces resented Aztec rule because the Aztecs

Ice Age land bridge connecting Asia and North America


Hunting and gathering

How did the first people to arrive in America support themselves

The area that stretches from central Mexico to northern Honduras

What region is now known as Mesoamerica

In the west

Where were the first advanced civilizations in South America established?


They worshiped the jaguar spirit.


They are considered a "mother culture"

Olmec and Zapotec

They are an ancient people of Mesoamerica


They dominated Oaxaca for more than a thousand years


They are well-known for sculpting monumental stone heads


They built Monte Alban, the first real urban center in the Americas


The remains of their communities have been discovered at San Lorenzo and La Venta


They flourished from 1200 to 400 B.C. along the Gulf Coast of Mexico, in the modern-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco

The Andes

The rugged mountain range that stretches down the western edge of South America is


South America's first civilization emerged in


The first inhabitants to establish villages along the Pacific coast in South America were

The Chavin Culture

The first important civilization that arose in the South American mountains was

Textiles and pottery

The Nazca culture is known for its beautiful

Nazca culture

The unusual patterns of line drawings found on the plains of southeastern Peru belonged to

Moche culture

The culture that thrived on the northern coast of Peru was the

Their pottery

Much of the details known about the life of the Moche comes from

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