23 terms

Chapter 18 Foreign Policy

Foreign policy
A nation's external goals and the techiniques and strategies used to achieve them
The process by which states carry on political relations with each other; settling conflicts among nations by peaceful means
Economic Aid
Assistance to other nations in the form of grants, loans, or credits to buy the assisting nation's products
Technical Assistance
The practice of sending experts in such areas as agriculture, engineering, or business to aid other nations
Foreign Policy Process
The steps by which foreign policy goals are decided and acted on
National Security Policy
Foreign and domestic policy designed to protect the nation's independence and political and economic integrity; policy that is concerned with the saftey and defense of the nation
Defense Policy
A subset of national security policies having to do with the U.S. armed forces
Moral Idealism
A philosophy that sees nations as normally willing to cooperate and to agree on moral standards for conduct
Political Realism
A philosophy that sees each nation as acting principally in its own interest
Monroe Doctrine
A policy statement made by President James Monroe in 1823, which set out three principles: 1) European nations should not establish new colonies in the Western Hemisphere; 2) European nations should not intervene in the affairs of independent nations of the Western Hemisphere; and 3) the United States would not interfere in the affairs of European nations
Isolationist Foreign Policy
A policy abstaining from an active role in international affairs or alliances, which characterized U.S. foreign policy toward Europe during most of the 1800s
Soviet Bloc
The Soviet Union and the Easter European countries that installed communist regimes after World War II and were dominated by the Soviet Union
Cold War
The ideological, political, and economic confrontation between the U.S. and the Soviet Union following World War II
Iron Curtain
The term used to describe the division of Europe between the Soviet bloc and the West; coined by WInston Churchill
A U.S. diplomatic policy adopted by the Truman administartion to contain communist power within its existing boundaries
Truman Doctrine
The policy adopted by President Harry Truman in 1947 to halt communist expansion in southeastern Europe
A french word meaning a relaxation of tensions. The term characterized U.S Soviet relations as they developed under President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
Stratgic Arms Limitation Treaty
A treaty between the U.S> and the Soviet Union to stabilize the nuclear arms competition between the two countries. SALT I talks began in 1969, and agreements were signed on May 26, 1972
Normal Trade Relations (NTR) Status
A status granted through an international treaty by which each member nation must treat other members at least as well as it treats the country that recieves its most favorable treatment. This status was formerly known as most-favored-nation status
Negative Constituents
Citizens who openly oppose the government's policy
Intelligence Community
The government agencies that gather information about the capabilities and intentions of foreign governments or that engage in covert actions
Attentive Public
That portion of the general public that pays attention to policy issues
Miliatry-Industrial Complex
The mutally beneficial relationship between the armed forcs and defense contractors