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CHD CH 9
Terms in this set (105)
Individuals who are about the same age or maturity level
early childhood friendships are based primarily on _______ & ______.
friendships in later life are involve more ________
the type of peer the adolescent interacts with and the situation or location where they are.
Peer interaction is influenced by peer _______
if you act one way around your friends and a different way when youre around your parents this is an example of _______
_____ peers are more likely to be neglected and feel anxious with new people
an individual difference that has been found to impair peer relations is the trait of _________
the personality trait _______ involves a very low threshold for experiencing anger, fear, anxiety and irritation
Boys and girls spend an increasing amount of time in peer interaction during _______ and ______ childhood and adolescence.
By adolescence, _______ occupy large chunks of an individual's life.
social ______ is linked to many disorders and problems
positive influences peers have
They explore the principles of fairness and justice by working through disagreements with peers.
majority of students who drop-out of high school is due to lack of _______
Although adolescents want more autonomy, adolescents live in a _______ world with parents and peers
Both parents and adolescents view peer relations as an arena in which parents have _____________ to dictate adolescents' choices.
Around the ___th and ___th grades, conformity to peers peaks.
Adolescents who are uncertain about their _________ are most likely to conform to peers.
parents ____ influence their adolescents peer groups
Peers are also more likely to conform when they are in the presence of someone they perceive to have higher ______ than they do.
adolescents with low self-esteem and high social anxiety are ______ likely to conform to peers
the extent to which children and adolescents are liked or disliked by their peer group.
how do you measure sociometric status
asking children to rate how much they like or dislike each of their classmates.
are frequently nominated as a best friend and are rarely disliked by their peers.
receive an average number of both positive and negative nominations from their peers.
are infrequently nominated as a best friend but are not disliked by their peers.
are infrequently nominated as someone's best friend and are actively disliked by their peers.
are frequently nominated both as someone's best friend and as being disliked.
________ children give out reinforcements, listen carefully, maintain open lines of communication with peers, are happy, control their negative emotions, show enthusiasm and concern for others, and are self-confident without being conceited.
__________ involves thoughts about social matters
peer ____ can lead to the development of conduct problems
3 reasons why aggressive peer-rejected boys have problems is social relationships
they re more impulsive and have problems sustaining attention.
they are more emotionally reactive.
they have fewer social skills in making friends and maintaining positive relationships with peers.
Adolescents may have difficulty in peer relations because they lack __________ skills.
As children move into adolescence, they acquire more ______ knowledge.
what are the 5 steps of social information processing?
1. Decoding of social cues
3. Response search
4. Selection of an optimal response
social information processing influences our ________
The ability to regulate ______ is linked to successful peer relations
1. decoding of social cues
looking at facial expressions, body language, or tone of voice
based on previous experience. what do those social cues mean?
3. response search
generating a variety of responses
4. selection of an optimal response
weighing out the pros and cons to each alternative
implementing the selected response, determining how well it worked and if necessary, trying another response
________ are a subset of peers who engage in mutual companionship, support, and intimacy.
6 functions of adolescent friendships
in early adolescence, teenagers prefer to have a ______ number of friendships that are more intense and intimate.
The need for _______ intensifies during early adolescence, motivating teenagers to seek out close friends
If adolescents failed to forge such close friendships, they experience ______ and a reduced sense of ________.
Everyone has basic social needs, and whether these needs are fulfilled largely determines our ____________.
self-disclosure or sharing of private thoughts.
throughout the childhood and adolescent years, friends are generally similar—in terms of age, sex, ethnicity, and other factors.
similarly is referred to as _______
the tendency to associate with similar others.
Adolescents who interact with _______ youths engage in delinquent behavior and early sexual behavior more frequently.
The number of other-sex friendships increase in ______ adolescence
adolescents say that they mainly want __________ from a friend
birds of a feather flock together is similar to _______
Childhood groups often are friends of ____________
Childhood groups are often people you meet due to ____________
Childhood groups usually are not as _______ as many adolescent groups.
________ groups tend to include a broader array of members and personalities
_______ are small groups that range from 2-12 individuals and average about 5-6 individuals.
________ Members are usually of the same sex and are similar in age and they can form because adolescents engage in similar activities (clubs, sports teams)
Cliques are considered _______ friendships
______ are larger and less personal than cliques.
Adolescents are usually members of a crowd based on _________, and they may or may not spend much time together
Many crowds are defined by the ________ adolescents engage in.
__________ crowds often appear for the first time in early adolescence and usually become less prominent in late adolescence.
_________ show higher peer attachment, especially with trust and communication.
Friendships in adolescence for girls are more likely to focus on ________
Girls Are more likely to engage in "_______________," in which they talk and act in a reciprocal manner (sharing problems)
_______ are more likely to associate in larger clusters.
________ tend to emphasize power and excitement. (report talk)
Because peer groups are strongly segregated according to SES and ethnicity, these groups are considered _________
_______ SES students often assume the leadership roles in formal organizations.
_____ allow adolescents from low income families or ethnic minority groups to gain popularity
What Three stages characterize the development of romantic relationships in adolescence:
1. Entry into romantic attractions and affiliations (11 to 13 years of age)
2. Exploring romantic relationships (14 to 16 years of age)
3. Consolidating dyadic romantic bonds (17 to 19 years of age)
stage 1. Entry into romantic attractions and affiliations is triggered by _______
if sally and her friends share a crush or someone they like, they are probably in which stage of romantic development
Entry into romantic attractions and affiliations
angie is 14 and was just in a relationship that lasted a few weeks which stage is she in?
Exploring romantic relationships
in which stage does casual dating and dating in groups occur
Exploring romantic relationships
when does casual dating occur
when 2 people are mutually attracted to eachother
which stage is Characterized by strong emotional bonds more closely resembling those in adult romantic relationships
Consolidating dyadic romantic bonds
Calie is 17 and has been dating her boyfriend for a year. which stage is she in?
Consolidating dyadic romantic bonds
what is the Avg age of initial same-sex activity for females
what is the Avg age of initial same-sex activity for males
for sexual minorities, the most common initial same-sex partner is ____________.
a close friend
Lesbians are more likely to have sexual encounters with ______ before same-sex encounters.
Most sexual minority youth have same-sex sexual experience, but relatively few have same-sex ___________
why do very few of sexual minorities have same-sex romantic relationships?
Social disapproval from families or heterosexual peers.
Although The breakup of a romantic relationship can result in depression or substance abuse, Breakups can also lead to ________
Adolescents in a relationship usually report more ________ than those not in a relationship
In adolescent girls, having an older partner was also linked to more depressive symptoms and largely influenced by an increase of _______________
Also called passionate love, or eros, has strong sexual and infatuation components, and often predominates in the early part of a love relationship. (honeymoon period)
________ love characterizes most adolescent and emerging adulthood relationships
(AKA companionate love) occurs when individuals desire to have another person near and have a deep, caring affection for that person.
_________ love is more characteristic of adult love
Early stages of a relationship show more ________ love, and later stages are more _________ love
the main problem with online dating is ___________
Romantic relationships that are formed online are _______ likely than relationships formed in person to last for more than 2 years.
Parents are likely to be more involved or interested in their ___________ dating patterns and relationships
Girls are more likely to describe romance in terms of _________ qualities.
boys tend to describe romance in terms of ____________
The cognitive models that adolescents and adults use to guide and evaluate dating interactions.
males show more ______ dating script
females show more _______ dating scripts
In _______, ________ and _______, adults are restrictive of adolescent girls romantic relationships
Arab, Asia, and South america
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