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Rad 110 Chapter 21
Terms in this set (44)
granulated drug that has been compressed into a solid hard disk, the most common oral dose form and one of the easiest to administer
•A powdered or liquid drug is contained in a gelatin shell.
•are used for their local effects in the treatment of asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Shaped for insertion into a body orifice such as the rectum, vagina, or urethra.
One or more drugs are dissolved in a liquid carrier, they are rapidly absorbed and may be administered orally or parenterally.
injection of the drug with a needle and syringe beneath the surface of the skin
One or more drugs in small particles are suspended in a liquid carrier.
Permits a drug to be applied on the skin surface, where it is absorbed into the bloodstream
Relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness.
Agents that reversibly depress neuronal function, producing loss of ability to perceive pain and/or other sensations
Drugs used for the treatment of anemia (subnormal concentration of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in the blood), due to iron, folic acid, B12 deficiency.
Drugs used in the treatment of anxiety, they act on the central nervous system to calm or relax the anxious patient.
Drugs used to treat arrhythmias, variations from the normal rhythm of the heartbeat
Drugs used to kill or inhibit(prevent) the growth of microorganisms.
Drugs that reduce smooth muscle tone, motility of the GI tract, and secretions from respiratory tract and secretory glands.
Drugs that inhibit (prevents) clotting of the blood or increase the coagulation time, used primarily to prevent or treat thromboembolic disorders. prevents blood clots
Drugs used to prevent or control the occurrence of seizures, do not treat the cause of the seizure; they only reduce or eliminate seizure activity
-Drugs used in the treatment of depression.
•Hypoglycemic (low glucose) reactions are the most common complication.
*Metformin may cause lactic acidosis
-Drugs used to prevent nausea and vomiting.
Substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplication of fungi
Drugs used primarily to treat allergic reactions, both acute and chronic.
•Hyperlipidemia is associated with the development of atherosclerosis, which leads to coronary heard disease.
Drugs used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).
characterized by a resting tremor, rigidity (inability to initiate movements), and bradykinesia (slowness of movement).
•Indication in the prevention of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs).•
•The major complication for these drugs is bleeding.
Used to treat psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, delusional disorders, acute mania, and agitated states.
Used to treat peptic ulcers, both gastric and duodenal, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Do not destroy their target pathogen; instead they inhibit its development
Drugs used in the treatment of asthma and COPD, •these drugs relax bronchial smooth muscles and dilate the respiratory passages.
-Increase the level of acetylcholine, a major neurotransmitter in the CNS.
-Can be used in the management of Alzheimer's disease.
Drugs used to control hemorrhage or to speed up coagulation, to allow blood to clot
Drugs used to reduce the symptoms associated with chronic inflammatory disorders of for the short term treatment of acute inflammatory conditions
Drugs that increase the amount of urine excreted by the kidneys, removing sodium and water from the body.
Drugs that affect the endocrine system.
Drugs that act to promote the passage and elimination of feces from the large intestines
Prevent mood swings in patients with manic-depressive (bipolar) disorder.
•Have analgesic, antipyretic (fever reducing), and anti-inflammatory actions.
characterized by a gradual reduction of bone mass and bone quality that weakens the bone and increases the risk for fractures
Can produce varying degrees of CNS depression ranging from mild sedation to sleep.
CNS stimulants increase the activity of the brain and spinal cord
Drugs dissolve thrombi (clots) that have already formed.
Drugs cause blood vessels to constrict, thus increasing heart action and raising blood pressure.
Drugs cause blood vessels to dilate (open) and blood flow increases.
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