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40 terms

Lab Values-Most Important

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60-100 bpm
Heart Rate-Adult Normal
100-130 bpm
Heart Rate-Infant Normal
<60 bpm
Bradycardia
>100 bpm
Tachycardia
60-90/30-55 mm Hg
Blood Pressure-Infant Normal
100-140/60-90 mm Hg
Blood Pressure-Adult Normal
140-159/90-99 mm Hg
Hypertension-borderline
160-179/100-109 mm Hg
Hypertension-moderate
>180/110 mm Hg
Hypertension-severe
Hypotension
Systolic pressure is <100 mm Hg. This condition is not dangerous, however the patient may experience periods of dizziness especially when changing position.
Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI)
A test that measures arterial perfusion using a Doppler unit. Blood pressures are measured in supine using both UE's (brachial artery) and LE's (dorsalis pedis or tibialis posterior artery). ABI = highest LE systolic pressure/brachial systolic pressure.
ABI-1.0
ABI-Normal
ABI-.5 to .9
Arterial occlusion, Impairment with wound healing, Ther Ex beneficial
ABI-<.5
Severe arterial occlusion, Poor to no wound healing, Ther Ex contraindicated
Reflexes: Absent
Reflexes: 0
Reflexes: Diminished
Reflexes: 1+
Reflexes: Normal
Reflexes: 2+
Reflexes: Moderately increased
Reflexes: 3+
Reflexes: Markedly increased
Reflexes: 4+
30-50 respirations per minute
Respiration Rate-Infant Normal
12-18 respirations per minute
Respiration Rate-Adult Normal
30:2
CPR: Ratio of Compressions:Ventilations
10-12 breaths/minute
CPR: Rescue Breathing Only
8-10 breaths/minute
CPR: Breathing with CPR
7.35-7.45
pH-Normal
35-45 mm Hg
PCO2-Normal
75-100 mm Hg
PO2-Normal
23-29 mEq/L
HCO3-Normal
95-98%
% SAT
40-50%
Hematocrit
Female: 12-16 g/dL; Male: 14-18 g/dL
Hemoglobin-Normal
5,000-10,000 cells/mm3
Leukocytes (WBC)
150,000-450,000 cells/mm3
Platelet
98.6F or 37C
Normal Body Temperature
INR <2
Desirable
INR >2
Consult with MD for increased risk of bleeding
INR >3
Risk of hemarthrosis
>200 mg/dL
Increased Total Blood Cholesterol Levels
>130 mg/dL
Increased Levels of LDL (Low-Density Lipoproteins)
Female: <50 mg/dL; Male: <40 mg/dL
Low Levels of HDL (High-Density Lipoproteins)