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SS7: Week 9, China
Terms in this set (38)
system of many government officials who carry out government rules and regulations
highly educated person who passed civil service examinations and worked in the government
system in which people are hired and promoted based on talent and skills, rather than wealth or social status
movement of people from rural to urban areas
economic system in which people use currency rather than bartering to buy and sell goods
a hard white pottery of extremely fine quality
having to do with trade and business
person who moves often in search of food
vast area of grasslands
a tyrant or dictator
payment or gift to a stronger power
person who trades illegally
to grow, get bigger
device with a magnetized piece of metal that points to the north, used for navigation
early form of printing invented in China in which text was carved into a block of wood
a philosophy of following the Dao, that is, the natural way of the universe
religion that developed out of the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha
a belief system based on the ideas of the Chinese thinker Confucius
to put together
True or False: Tang Taizong made the government stable by reviving China's officials bureaucracy. The departments created by Taizong remained the core of Chinese government until the early 1900s.
The Tang capital, Chang'an, had nearly 2 million people in 742, making it the largest city in the world at the time. It's location at the end of the Silk Road made this Tang city into a cultural and ______________ center, where trade from all over the world flourished in the city's markets.
A _________________ is the name of a man who passed the difficult civil service examination to be able to work in the Chinese bureaucracy, or government. During the Tang dynasty, only the wealthy men could spend years studying for this examination, and many others obtained the job through family connections. During the Song dynasty, a new system, based on talent and skills rather than social status and connections, helped create the world's strongest and most centralized government. This ________________ prevented corruption and promoted the best officials.
scholar-official, merit system
The Tang and Song dynasties were times of great prosperity and growth in China. This economic revolution began with advances in farming, and led to more trade and __________, or the growth of cities.
The population grew immensely under the Tang and Song dynasty, as pumps and other water-control ____________ allowed for irrigation systems to provide water for the rice paddies.
Led by Genghis Khan, the Mongol military consisted of men on horseback who could fire arrows at full gallop. In addition to horses, Genghis Khan and his troops used catapults and gunpowder to break through the _____________ and destroy many cities.
Great Wall of China
True or False: The Mongols adapted to local culture. For example, the Il-Khans who ruled over Muslim lands adopted the religion of Islam.
In 1368, Chinese rule was restored under a new dynasty called the Ming. Its first emperor, Hongwu, at first tried to serve interests of the people. Over time, however, Hongwu became a cruel __________, arresting and killing about 100,000 people who he believed to be disloyal to him.
Hongwu's son, Yongle, forced foreign countries to recognize China's power by demanding a payment or gift. These smaller countries sent ____________ to prevent attacks by China and win favor for their traders.
When Portuguese sailors arrived in China in 1514, Chinese officials saw them as _________ because they refused to pay tribute and violated official limits of trade.
The technology of _____________ allowed for books to be widely spread, for schools to be accessible to the commoners, and for the lower class to be able to study and become scholar-officials, thus moving up in social status.
Chinese porcelain became a ________ trade item that was valued around the world, especially the porcelain of the Ming dynasty.
This ancient Chinese philosophy, ____________, teaches that all things should follow the Dao, or "the way."
________________ is a religion that came to China from India. It is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who taught that life involves suffering.
_______________ is a system of moral behavior that was especially important for scholar officials.
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