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Chisholm v. Georgia

granted federal courts the affirmative power to hear disputes between private citizens and States

Marbury v. Madison

judicial review - checks and balances

Fletcher v. Peck

protected property rights and asserted the right to invalidate state laws in conflict with the Constitution

McCulloch v. Maryland

Congress granted implied powers for implementing the Constitution's express powers, in order to create a functional national government.

State action may not impede valid constitutional exercises of power by the Federal government.

Gibbons v. Ogden

Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

Cherokee were not a state and, despite their claim to be independent of the United States, were a "denominated domestic dependent nation."

Dred Scott v. Sandford

slaves were not citizens; declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional

Ex parte Milligan

suspension of Habeas Corpus by President Abraham Lincoln as constitutional

Slaughterhouse Cases

the 15th and 14th amendments do not guarantee federal protection of individual rights against discrimination by their own state governments-distinction between state citizenship and national citizenship

Munn v. Illinois

upheld the Granger laws.
allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders

Plessy v. Ferguson

separate but equal was legal

Insular Cases

inhabitants of U.S. territories had some, but not all, of the rights of U.S. citizens.

Lochner v. New York

overturns new york law setting 8 hr maximum working hours for bakery workers

Muller v. Oregon

restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health

Schenck v. United States

upheld espionage act "clear and present danger"

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

separate but equal is unconstitutional

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