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72 terms

art hist final

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Lindisfarne
a celtic monastery hit by a viking raid in 793, beginning about 2 centuries of such problems
The cornation gospels
illegedly taken from charlemagnes corpse when his tomb was opened in the year 1,000. charlemagne personally owned it. made to commemorate the title of holy roman emperor
The utrecht psalter
a psalter is a collection of the psalms of the old testament
lectionary
text used for readings at church services
Sainte Foy
protected by the monks. stolen in the 9th century and moved to conques, france.
cathedral
seat of a bishop, usually the largest church
baptistery
building closest to us
duomo
cathedral or dome
vezelay, france
the start of one of the 4 major pilgrimage routes to Santiago de compostela, the origins of the 2nd crusade
Narthex
a lobby. one had to be added to accomodate that growing mobs of pilgrims and crusaders
The abbey church of st. denis
the human remains were largely destroyed in the french revolution
Laon
original portal sculpture here was also largely destroyed in the french rev.
expressionism
lifelike but also highly imaginery portraits of the couple who lived centuries prior in an age without portraiture
links page
only returning part of the relics
bones stolen
by crusaders
Pisa tower opens its doors
for the first time in 12 yrs.
costed to redo pisa
25 million
Durham cathedral
voted britains favorite building
Most hated building
Portsmouth's Tricorn Centre
Reims cathedral
badly damaged in world war 1
Cathedral at Beauvais
tallest cathedral. choir vaults reach 154 ft high
notre dame cathedral
freakish wind storms damaged this cathedral. 11 ferris wheels. roofing was almost torn off.a stained-glass window at the Sainte-Chapelle was shattered.
royal palace at Versailles
worst hit by the winds
Carolus Magnus
Charlemagne AKA
Pepin the Short, frankis king
Charlemagnes father
Bertha Broadfoot
Charlemagnes mother
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne was crowned
what later becomes france and germany
Charlemagne controlled
everyone in western europe except pagan vikings
Charlemagnes rule includes
Nave Arcade
arches that are only decorative. series of arches supported by columns either freestanding or attached to a wall to form a gallery
triforium
blind arcade located below the clerestory (in some gothic cathedrals)
typanum
stone lunette
quadrant arches
cant see them. half of a reg. arch or one quarter of a circle. hidden from view inside
Autun, France
originally a large city of the roman empire. in the romanesque era, a new cathedral dedicated to lazarus
Master gislebertus
sculpts the main portal
Abbot suger and Lux Nova
multitalented man, an abbot, a statesman, a historian. in charge of the abbey church of st. denis in 1140 when he oversees its remodeling. he documented this remodeling of st. denis in this text
Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim
talented architect and sculptor and theologian, designed fortifications to help repel the vikings who were still a problem. familiar w/the monuments of rome, especially the column of trajan
christus patiens
shows great human suffering
flamboyant gothic
flamelike tracery
rayonnant gothic
as much stained glass as possible. 75% glass, 25% stone
trumeau
middle post in the doorway
Apse
semicircular, in the wall of a building
Nave
central area of roman basilica
clerestory
fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts
ribbed vaults
diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton partially supports masonary
portal sculpture
decoration on entrance of cathedral
cloister
courtyard, with covered ambulatory. descends from atrium gardens of roman houses
Charlemagnes architect
Odo of Metz
cloisonne metal work
decorative metal technique employing cloisons
cloisonne enamel
powder becomes glass
flying buttress
arched masonary support serving to bear thrust
isocephaly
heads at same level
campanile
bell tower
nude
shows distinct features
naked
no distinct features
tapestry
woven
embroidery
stitched
the bayeux tapestry
no a tapestry, an embroidery
jamb figures
side post of a doorway
tracery
ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place
lancet window
long, narrow window with a pointed arch
Aachen
city in germany. charlemagnes palace. 1st volted structure of middle ages
reflected light
paintings
transmitted light
thru window
the contemplative life
a life removed from the secular world and dedicated to spiritual meidtation
crusades
reclaim holy land from force of islam. 4th crusade wound up in constantinople. organized by pope in rome. cultural and economic benefits
relics
body parts and such
reliquary
container for relics, often jeweled covered and added onto for centuries
mandorla
almond shaped body halo
scriptorium
special room in a monastery
westwork
2 large towers and window of appearance
christus triumphans
does not show suffering