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a celtic monastery hit by a viking raid in 793, beginning about 2 centuries of such problems
The cornation gospels
illegedly taken from charlemagnes corpse when his tomb was opened in the year 1,000. charlemagne personally owned it. made to commemorate the title of holy roman emperor
the start of one of the 4 major pilgrimage routes to Santiago de compostela, the origins of the 2nd crusade
lifelike but also highly imaginery portraits of the couple who lived centuries prior in an age without portraiture
notre dame cathedral
freakish wind storms damaged this cathedral. 11 ferris wheels. roofing was almost torn off.a stained-glass window at the Sainte-Chapelle was shattered.
arches that are only decorative. series of arches supported by columns either freestanding or attached to a wall to form a gallery
cant see them. half of a reg. arch or one quarter of a circle. hidden from view inside
originally a large city of the roman empire. in the romanesque era, a new cathedral dedicated to lazarus
Abbot suger and Lux Nova
multitalented man, an abbot, a statesman, a historian. in charge of the abbey church of st. denis in 1140 when he oversees its remodeling. he documented this remodeling of st. denis in this text
Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim
talented architect and sculptor and theologian, designed fortifications to help repel the vikings who were still a problem. familiar w/the monuments of rome, especially the column of trajan
diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton partially supports masonary
reclaim holy land from force of islam. 4th crusade wound up in constantinople. organized by pope in rome. cultural and economic benefits
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