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Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 14
Terms in this set (50)
what is a social clock?
the culturally determined psychological timepiece providing a sense of whether we have reached the major benchmarks of life at the appropriate time in comparison to our peers
How are social clocks generally determined?
By one's culture
what is emerging adulthood?
the period from the late teenage years extending to themid-20sin which people are still sorting out their options for the future
what are the five features that mark emerging adulthood?
1. identity exploration
4. feeling in-between
what is identity exploration?
learning to make important decisions about love, work, and one's core beliefs and values
what is instability (stage)?
changes in life plans/goals, career, and educational paths, relationships, and even shifts in ideologies
what is self-focus (stage)?
time between parental control and adult obligations where you can focus on yourself
what is the feeling in between?
a sense of being no longer an adolescent but not yet an adult
what is the optimism stage?
despite the stress and anxiety of early adulthood, staying optimistic
what is the intimacy-versus-isolation stage?
the period from post-adolescence into the early 30s that focuses on developing close relationships with others
what is intimacy?
selflessness, sexuality; close, intimate relationships with others
what is isolation?
feelings of lonliness and fearful of relationships; difficulty may stem from an earlier failure to develop a strong identity
why do we need friends?
we have a basic need for belonging
what is friendship influenced by?
proximity, similarity, and personal qualities
what is passionate (romantic) love?
a state of powerful absorption in someone
What is labeling theory of passionate love?
the theory that individuals experience romantic love when two events occur together: intense physiological arousal and situational cues suggesting that the arousal is due to love
what is companionate love?
the strong affection that we have for those with whom our lives are deeply involved
what are the three faces of love?
1. intimacy component
2. passion component
3. decision/ commitment component
what is intimacy+passion?
what is just passion?
what is passion+commitment?
what is just commitment?
what is intimacy+commitment?
what is just intimacy?
________(men/women) prefer a marriage partner who is physically attractive, while ________ (men/women) prefer a marriage partner who is ambitious and industrious
which mates do evolutionary theorists believe we seek out?
those wo maximize the availability of beneficial genes
what do filtering models assume?
people filter for factors relating to broad determinants of attractiveness
what is homogamy?
the tendency to marry someone who is similar in age, race, education, religion, and other basic demographic characteristics
what is marriage gradient?
the tendency for men to marry women who are slightly younger, smaller, and lower in status, and for women to marry men who are slightly older, larger, and higher in status
what are the four romantic attachment styles?
what is cohabitation?
couples living together without being married
why do people want to get married?
1. appropriate culmination of a loving relationship
2. "right" thing to do
3. provides security and financial well being
4. fills a sexual role
5. provide a sounding board and act as a partner for activities
6. have children
7. legal benefits and protections
what is social homogamy?
two partners hold similar interests and agree on distribution of roles
what are four contributing factors to a successful marriage?
1. show affection
2. communicate relatively little negativity
3. perceive themselves as part of an independent couple
4. experience social homogamy
only about ______ percent of all marriages in the US remain intact
what are three reasons that couples have children?
1. fulfillment from child growth and successes
2. care and companionship in old age
3. response to societal norm
what are four reasons that fertility rate has declines below the replacement level?
1. Increasing numbers of women working outside the home
2. choosing to have children later
3. cost of raising and educating children
4. fear of not being a good or accessible parent
what are dual earner couples?
both parents are working and earning
what is a coparenting team?
parents who work together, adopting common child-rearing goals
what is singlehood?
living alone without an intimate partner
_____ percent of women and ______ percent of men live alone without an intimate partner
why do most singles stay single?
1. negative views of marriage
2. seeing marriage as too restrictive
3. lack of a suitable partner
what is career consolidation?
a stage entered between ages 20 and 40, when young adults become centered on careers
what is George Vaillant's theory concerning career consolidation
people work hard to advance in their jobs, career focus supplants personal intimacy
what are the three stages in choosing a career?
1. fantasy stage
2. tentative period
3. realistic period
what are communal professions?
occupations associated with relationships
what are agentic professions?
occupations associated with getting things accomplished
what is extrinsic motivation?
motivation that drives people to obtain tangible rewards , such as money and prestige
what is intrinsic motivation?
motivation that causes people to work for their own enjoyment, not just for the rewards work may bring
what is status motivation?
the evaluation by society of the role a person plays
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 18
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 19
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 1
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 2
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