86 terms

MED 151 S& F Final Exam Review

Anatomy at PPC with Barbara F.
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Albuminuria
the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine
Amenorrhea
absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
Amylase
enzyme in saliva that breaks the chemical bonds in carbs.
Bacteriuria
presence of bacteria in the urine
Balanitis
inflammation of the head of the penis
Balanoplasty
surgical repair of the glans penis
Bile
a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder
Bowman's capsule
cup-shaped structure of the nephron of a kidney which encloses the glomerulus and which filtration takes place.
BPH
enlarged prostate, benign prostatic hypertrophy
Chadwick's Sign
A purplish-blue color of the cervix and vagina caused by the increased vascularity are both noted at about 8 wks.
Calyx
cup-shaped part of the renal pelvis through which urine passes from the renal tubules
Candida Albicans
a parasitic fungus that can infect the mouth or the skin or the intestines or the vagina
Carcinoma of testes
malignant tumor of the testicles
Chlamydia
most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
Chancre
Primary lesion of syphilis..
Chyme
liquid product of digestion
Colostrum
first milk produced by a woman's breast after childbirth; it is rich in antibodies to protect the child from disease
Colposcopy
visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
Convoluted Tubules(3parts)
Distal, proximal tubules, loop of henle
Contraction Stress test
stress test used to evaluate ability of fetus to tolerate stress of labor and delivery
Corpus Luteum
A mass of yellowish tissue that forms in rupturent ovarian follicle after ovulation.
Cryptorchidism
failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
C-Section
cesarean section
Cystoscopy
examination of the bladder using a rigid or flexible cystoscope
Defecation
evacuation of feces from the rectum
Deglutition
act of swallowing
Dysmenorrhea
painful menstrual flow
Dysuria
painful or difficult urination
Eclampsia
severe complication and progression of preeclampsia characterized by convulsion and coma
Effacement
Thinning of the cervix
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
Fimbriae
finger or fringe like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
Fundus of uterus
top of uterus- superior, rounded; sits at top of the fallopian tubes
Gallbladder
a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
Genital Herpes
STD infection of the genitals with herpes simplex virus type 2
Glans Penis
enlarged tip on the end of the penis
Genital warts
viral STD spread by intimate sexual contact with an infected person. wart like growth on the genital, soft and red or pink and resemble cauliflower
Glomerular filtration
Water and most solutes in blood plasma move across the wall of the glomerular capillaries into glomerular capsule and then renal tubule
Glomerulus
little ball-shaped cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron
Glycosuria
the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
Gonads
male and female sex glands
Goodwell's sign
softening of the cervix
Hematuria
the presence of blood in the urine
HPV
human papilloma virus
Hyperemesis Gravidarum
hyperemesis during pregnancy
Hysterosalpingography
x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material
Ketonuria
excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
KUB
kidney, ureter, bladder
Lipase
Pancreatic enzyme necessary to digest fats
Malodorous
ill-smelling; stinking; fetid; unpleasantly odorous
Mastication
the act of chewing
Medulla
inner part of the kidney
Melena
abnormally dark tarry feces containing blood (usually from gastrointestinal bleeding)
Menopause
the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
Menorrhagia
abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation
Micturition
the process of urinating
Nephrolithiasis
presence of stones in the kidney
Nephron
tiny filtering unit of the kidney
Nocturia
excessive urination at night
Oligomenorrhea
abnormally light or infrequent menstruation
Oral Leukoplakia
white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth
Orchitis
inflammation of one or both testes
Pap smear
Papanicolaou smear
Pharynx
throat; passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larynx
Phimosis
Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis
Prenancy testing
HCG pee stick
Primipara
first live birth
Protozoal
Trichomoniasis is a protozoal infection
Pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
Quickening
the stage of pregnancy at which the mother first feels movements of the fetus
Renal column
area separating renal pyramids from each other
Renal cortex
outer layer of the kidney
Renal pelvis
a structure shaped like a funnel in the outlet of the kidney into which urine is discharged before passing into the ureter
Renal pyramid
inside medulla (each pyramid forms a lobe)
Residual urine
Urine that is left in the bladder after urination
Small intestines
organ where most chemical digestion of food takes place. nutrients are absorbed through its wall
Steatorrhea
fat in the feces; frothy, foul-smelling fecal matter
Syphilis
an STD that attacks many parts of the body and is caused by a small bacterium called a spirochete
Testosterone
male sex hormone
Thrush
candidiasis of the oral cavity
Urgency
pressing importance requiring speedy action
Urinary incontinence
inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination
Ureters
The tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Urethra
duct through which urine is discharged in most mammals and which serves as the male genital duct
Urine PH
4.5 to 8
Uterus(3)
Peri,endo,myo metrium