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History Final !!!
Terms in this set (112)
The policy of containment was designed to
Stop the spread of communism
Which of the following best describes President Lyndon B. Johnson's action toward Vietnam
He escalated U.S. military involvement in South Vietnam
In the ________ Resolution of 1964 Congress gave President Johnson a blank check for the war in Vietnam
Gulf of Tonkin
"Whereas the naval units of the Communist regime in Vietnam...have... attacked U.S. vessels lawfully present in international waters.... Congress approves and supports the determination of
the President... to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attacked against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression." This is from
President Richard Nixon, " Report on Vietnam"
The Vietcong ____ offensive in January 1968 caught the U.S. totally by surprise and caused great chaos throughout southern Vietnam
The idea that if Vietnam fell to the Communist, so would all of the Southeast Asia was known as
The "domino theory."
Kennedy's response to the civil war in Vietnamese was to
Send in American combat troops to help the South Vietnamese
What did the United States fear would happen if they did not get involved in Vietnam?
Communists would take over the country.
What lesson did American soldiers learn once they arrived in Vietnam?
That they had to fight guerrilla war against the hidden enemy
"Six guardsmen, including two sergeants and the Captain of Troop G, stated
pointedly that he lives of the member s of the Guards were no in danger and that it was not a shooting situation.... We have some reason to believe that the claim by the National Guard that their lives were endangered by the students was fabricated subseque nt to the even." This happened at
Kent State University in 1970
There was a major shift in American public opinion against the Vietnam War as a result of
The 1968 Tet Offensive
Members of the anti-war movement protested the Vietnam War by doing all of the following EXCEPT
Joining the VietCong
In United States, television was instrumental in
Bringing the brutality of the Vietnam War into people's living rooms.
Student protesters in the 1960s favored
American withdrawal from Vietnam.
New Frontier, Great Society!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Which of these events was the closest the United States and the Soviet Union actually came to fighting each other during the Cold War?
Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
President's Kennedy's main strategy in dealing with the Cuban Missile Crisis was
Imposing a naval blockade around Cuba until the crisis was resolved
One effect of the Cuban Missile Crisis was
An acceleration of the arms race
Kennedy decided to build more missiles (a policy of mutually assured destruction) because
He believed the Soviets could be deterred if the United States had enough missiles to
Khrushchev ordered Soviet missiles to be removed from Cuba in return for an American pledge
Not on invade Cuba
Which of the following brought the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of nuclear war?
the Cuban missile crisis
His handling of which of the following improved President Kennedy's prestige?
the Cuban missile crises
The immigration policies in place since the 1960s have
greatly increased ethnic diversity in American society.
The passage of the Immigration Act of 1965 resulted in a
the elimination of an immigration policy based on national origin quotas
This administration, today, here
and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America, and I
urge this Congress and all Americans to join with me in that effort
—President Lyndon B. Johnson State of the Union Address January 8, 1964
The program President Lyndon B. Johnson created to wage his unconditional war on poverty was
The Federal Government and President Johnson declared "war" on poverty during the
John Kennedy's New Frontier focused on
Creating a new era of scientific and social progress
The program that send American volunteers to help underdeveloped nations was the
POST WAR BOOM!!!
What factor would be considered most responsible for the employment trend depicted in the chart?
the increasing use of technology
After World War II, there was a marked increase in the
proportion of Americans who were
One effect of business expansion after WWII was
a shift in the work force from blue-collar to white-collar jobs
What effect did franchises such as McDonalds have on the American economy in the 1950s?
they created countless new jobs across the country
Most of Truman's Fair Deal programs
met defeat at the hands of a coalition of Republicans and Southern Democrats.
The G.I. Bill was geared at helping veterans in the areas of
Housing and education
Which of the following are reasons for education becoming increasingly important after World War II?
Concern that the Soviet Union's school system was superior AND fewer jobs for
unskilled people due to automation
Which of the following products probably had the gr
eatest effect on American life?
William J. Levitt promoted suburban growth in the 1950s by
Which of the following was NOT a factor in suburban growth during the postwar period?
the social movement of the beatniks
Little boxes on the hillside
Little boxes made of ticky tacky,
Little boxes on the hillside
Little boxes all the same
There's a green one and a pink one
And a blue one and a yellow one
And they're all made out of ticky tacky
And they all look just the same.
Base your answer to question below using the song lyrics above
11.This song from the 1950's expresses
criticism of suburban growth
What new technology greatly expanded the audience for professional sports in the years
immediately following World War II?
The first great popular Rock 'n Roll star or group was
Which of the following best describes the beatniks of the 1950s?
they rebelled against conformity and traditional social patterns
As a means of communication after World War II, Television
Became indispensable to the political system as a means of advertising candidates
AFRICAN AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS
The outstanding record of African Americans who served in the military forces during World War II was one reason President Truman decided in 1948 to
order and end to racial segregation in the military
What effect did the African-American civil rights movement have on other minority groups in the United States?
It brought about anti-discrimination legislation that applied to other groups.
The Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
outlawed racial segregation in public schools
In Plessey vs. Ferguson, the Supreme Court
established the "separate but equal" principle of racial segregation
"We come then to the question presented: Does segregation of children in public schools solely on
the basis of race, even though the physical facilities... may be equal, deprive children of the
minority group of equal educational opportunities? We believe it does." The source above is
President Eisenhower placed the Arkansas National Guard under federal command in order to
integrate Central High School
Rivals within the Black Muslims assassinated Malcolm X after he
Began to consider limited acceptance of white culture
The phrase "Black Power" was connected to all of the following
The emphasis of Christian love in civil
All of the following statements about the Black Panthers are true
They focused entirely on national rather than local goals
The young, charismatic leader became nationally known as a result of the successful Montgomery bus strike was
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X of the Black Muslims urged solving racial turmoil by
rejecting white American Society
The drive to end segregation in Birmingham, Alabama, was led by
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr., was a leader in which of the following events?
The Montgomery bus boycott
Which one of the following tactics did Martin Luther King, Jr., urge his followers to practice?
The lawyer who became the first African-
American to sit on the Supreme Court was
What message did Malcolm X preach to African Americans?
to completely separate themselves from white society
In 1957, President Eisenhower used federal troops in Little Rock, Arkansas, to
integrate the public schools.
The Freedom Riders
Challenged segregation of interstate bus terminals
Bus boycotts, lunch counter sit-ins, and "freedom rides" were all attempts to promote
"Mob rule cannot be allowed to override the decisions of our courts." When President Eisenhower made this statement, he was most likely referring to the
Crisis at Central High School in Little Rock
Which statement about the March on Washington of 1963 is
It began a period of uninterrupted unity within the civil rights movement
In February 1960, four black college students in Greensboro, North Carolina began a trend toward mass involvement in
lunch counter sit-ins
Which of the following was
NOT a result of the civil rights movement?
the federal government rebuilt the nation's ghettos
Southerners responded to the Freedom Rides with
Many southern states evaded the Fifteenth Amendment, which was designed to protect the right of African-Americans to vote, by having
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
Prohibited segregation in public facilities
During the Freedom Summer
Blacks and white activist registered black voters in Mississippi
Prior to the Voting Rights Act of 1965,
The vast majority of blacks in the South were denied the right to vote
Racial discrimination by employers and formal racial segregation of all sorts were outlawed by the
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 accomplished all of the following
establishing equal pay for equal work for women
ERA OF PROTEST AND CHANGE !!!!!!
The Equal Rights Amendment passed by Congress and sent to the states in 1972
Failed to win approval by the required three-fourths of the states
One of the earliest leaders of the new women's liberation movement, whose book, The Feminine Mystique(1963) raised the consciousness of numerous women, was
The organization working for equal employment opportunities for women which Betty Freidan helped found in 1966 was the
National Organization for Women
"Group who rule by birthright are fast disappearing, yet there remain one ancient and universal scheme for the domination of one birth group by another-the scheme that prevails in the area of sex...Sexual dominion obtains...as perhaps the most pervasive ideology of out culture and provides its most fundamental concept of power." This author was an advocate of
The new Feminist of the 1960s differed from those of the Progressive era because they
Insisted upon total equality between the sexes
In what way did the civil rights movement help the women's movement of the 1960s?
it taught women the value of political pressure and direct action
The successful formation of the United Farm Workers indicated that the ideals of the civil rights movement had influenced the actions of
Which of the following groups occupied offices in Washington, D.C. to demand greater Indian rights?
American Indian Movement
In 1973 radical Native Americans occupied ________ to protest continuing white injustice.
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Cesar Chavez became a national hero for his efforts to
improve working conditions for migratory farm workers
During the second half of the twentieth century, the largest source of labor in California agriculture was
immigrants from Mexico.
The accident at Three Mile Island raised concern about
The safety of nuclear reactors
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring focused on the
harmful effects of chemical pesticides
A CRISIS IN CONFIDENCE!!!
President Carter's most striking diplomatic achievement was helping to negotiate the ______ between Israel and Egypt
Camp David Agreement
From November 1979 to January 1981 American embassy personnel were held hostage as a result of the dramatic revolution in
Because Nixon would not give up the tapes that could reveal if he had been involved in the Watergate cover-up,
Congress began a process that could have led to impeachment.
Why did Nixon resign?
To avoid possible impeachment.
All of the following policies were advocated by President Carter EXCEPT
Promoting economics over human rights in foreign affairs
Because the Vietnam War still divided Americans, the reaction was mixed when Carter
Granted amnesty to those who had evaded the draft
What was President Ford's program to overcome stagflation?
He tried to restore public confidence through the WIN campaign
What federal agency did Richard Nixon establish to design and set and enforce national pollution control standards?
Environmental Protection Agency
THE CONSERVATIVE RESURGENCE
Among Reagan's highest priorities as president was
Cutting federal spending
Ronald Reagan, like many Americans, believed that the country would thrive if
Free enterprise was encouraged and supported
Ronald Reagan's Economic plan included all of the following facets EXCEPT
Enforcing strict protection of natural environments
Favors individual and business tax cuts to spur the economy
President Reagan was referring to what country when he uses the phrase "evil empire"
The Soviet Union
President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative, or Star Wars, was a plan for
A computer-controlled system to destroy enemy missiles in out space
Evidence of renewed Cold war in the 1980s included all of the following EXCEPT
The American public's belief that the government had been infiltrated by communist
President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)
Created an expensive defense plan based on super lasers and satellite
A major aim of Reagan's foreign policy during his first two terms was to
Stop the spread of communism
In October of 1983, what island did President Reagan order United States military forces ordered to go to fight a military coup that was sympathetic to Communist Cuba?
Effects of Operation Desert Storm included
Large destruction of Iraqi military and civilian areas
In the wake of the Persian Gulf War and the fall of the Soviet Union, President Bush
Stated that the U.S. must be the leader in maintaining an orderly world
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