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Terms in this set (40)
Transitions between post-absorptive and absorptive states is regulated by ___ and __.
regulated primarily by?
lowers blood glucose
raises blood glucose
increases blood glucose, adrenaline
2 places glucose is in the body?
blood or cells
high blood sugar=?
low cellular sugar
low blood sugar=?
high cellular sugar
Insulin ___ blood sugar by?
uptaking glucose into the cells
insulin promotes synthesis of?
energy storage molecules
What type of hormone is insulin?
involve building things, induce storage
Insulin increases release during?
insulin decreases release during?
post absorptive state
insulin is produced by __ in the ?
islets of langerhans in the pancreas
glucose is __ and is always being ___.
storage of glucose
insulin is the highest in the ?
Insulin secretion (most tissues)
increase in ? (3)
decrease in? (1)
-glucose uptake, amino acid uptake, protein synthesis
Insulin secretion (adipose tissue)
-fatty acid and triglerceride synthesis
Insulin secretion (liver and muscles)
Insulin secretion (liver)
increase in? (2)
-fatty acid and triglyceride synthesis
Process of getting glucose into the cells and out of the blood.
Insulin binds to receptors and causes your cells to insert ____. Which basically increases a cells ____ for glucose.
What is way more important than insulin?
Purpose of glucagon is to?
raise blood sugar levels
What type of hormone is glucagon?
catabolic molecules do what?
breaks things down
Glucagon increases release during?
glucagon decreases release during?
Glucagon is secreted by ___ cells in the ?
pancreatic islets of langerhans
-glycogenolysis, gluconeogensis, ketone synthesis , protein breakdown
-glycogen synthesis & protein synthesis
Glucagon secreation(adipose tis)
If you are eating you need ?
If your not eating you need?
If your body does not produce enough insulin?
if your body does not produce enough glucagon?
chronically low blood sugar?
Hypoglycemia is from damaged?
too high and not enough insulin
Which is worse? low or high blood sugar
low because that damages brain and it can't recover
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