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18 terms

COMM 150 Final: Chapter 6

FML
STUDY
PLAY
Culture shock
The psychological discomfort of adjusting to a new cultural situation
Intercultural communication
Interaction between people whose cultural assumptions are distinct enough to alter the communication event
Dominant culture
The attitudes, values, beliefs and customs that the majority of people in a society hold in common
Co-cultures
Groups of people living within a dominant culture but exhibiting communication that is sufficiently different to distinguish them form the dominant culture
Ethnicity
A classification of people based on combinations of shared characteristics such as nationality, geographic origin, language, religion , ancestral customs and tradition
Religion
A system of beliefs shared by a group with objects for devotion, rituals for worship and a code of ethics
Social class
An indicator of a person's position in a social hierarchy, as determined by income, education, occupation and social habits
Individualistic culture
Emphasizes personal rights and responsibilities, privacy, voicing one's opinion, freedom, innovation and self expression
Collectivist culture
Emphasizes community, collaboration, shared interest, harmony, the public good, and avoiding embarrassment
Low uncertainty avoidance cultures
Cultures characterized by greater acceptance of and less need to control, unpredictable people, relationships or events
High uncertainty avoidance cultures
Cultures characterized by a low tolerance for, and a high need to control, unpredictable people, relationships or events
High power distance
The cultural belief that inequalities in power, status, and rank are natural and that these differences should be acknowledged and accentuated
Low power distance
The cultural belief that inequalities in power, status, and rank should be underplayed and muted
Masculine culture
A culture in which people are expected to adhere to traditional sex roles
Feminine culture
A culture in which people, regardless of sex, are expected to assume a variety of roles based on the circumstances and their own choices
Ethnocentrism
The belief that one's own culture is superior to others
Altruism
A display of genuine and unselfish concern for the welfare of others
Egocentricity
A selfish interest in one's own needs, to the exclusion of everything else