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Interaction between people whose cultural assumptions are distinct enough to alter the communication event
The attitudes, values, beliefs and customs that the majority of people in a society hold in common
Groups of people living within a dominant culture but exhibiting communication that is sufficiently different to distinguish them form the dominant culture
A classification of people based on combinations of shared characteristics such as nationality, geographic origin, language, religion , ancestral customs and tradition
A system of beliefs shared by a group with objects for devotion, rituals for worship and a code of ethics
An indicator of a person's position in a social hierarchy, as determined by income, education, occupation and social habits
Emphasizes personal rights and responsibilities, privacy, voicing one's opinion, freedom, innovation and self expression
Emphasizes community, collaboration, shared interest, harmony, the public good, and avoiding embarrassment
Low uncertainty avoidance cultures
Cultures characterized by greater acceptance of and less need to control, unpredictable people, relationships or events
High uncertainty avoidance cultures
Cultures characterized by a low tolerance for, and a high need to control, unpredictable people, relationships or events
High power distance
The cultural belief that inequalities in power, status, and rank are natural and that these differences should be acknowledged and accentuated
Low power distance
The cultural belief that inequalities in power, status, and rank should be underplayed and muted
A culture in which people, regardless of sex, are expected to assume a variety of roles based on the circumstances and their own choices
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